Sura/Chapter:

Verse:    Count: 8
Tafseer/Commentary:
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Translations:
94: Ash-Sharh - الانشراح

94:1
[ Original ]
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ أَلَمْ نَشْرَحْ لَكَ صَدْرَكَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Have We not expanded thee thy breast?-
[ Saheeh International ]
Did We not expand for you, [O Muhammad], your breast?
Tafseer Commentary

6188 Cf. the prayer of Moses in 20:25. The breast is symbolically the seat of knowledge and the highest feelings of love and affection , the treasure house in which are stored thejewels of that quality of human character which approaches nearest to the divine. The Prophet's human nature had been purified, expanded, and elevated, so that he became a Mercy to all Creation. Such a nature could afford to ignore the lower motives of ordinary humanity which caused shameful attacks to be made on him. Its strength and courage could also bear the burden of the galling work which it had to do in denouncing sin, subduing it, and protecting Allah's creatures from its oppression.


94:2
[ Original ]
وَوَضَعْنَا عَنْكَ وِزْرَكَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And removed from thee thy burden
[ Saheeh International ]
And We removed from you your burden
Tafseer Commentary

6189 See last note. It is indeed a grievous and galling burden for a man to fight single-handed against sin. But Allah sends His grace and aid, and that burden is removed, or converted into joy and triumph in the service of the One True God.


94:3
[ Original ]
الَّذِي أَنْقَضَ ظَهْرَكَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The which did gall thy back?-
[ Saheeh International ]
Which had weighed upon your back

94:4
[ Original ]
وَرَفَعْنَا لَكَ ذِكْرَكَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And raised high the esteem (in which) thou (art held)?
[ Saheeh International ]
And raised high for you your repute.
Tafseer Commentary

6190 The Prophet's virtues, the magnanimity of his character, and his love for mankind were fully recognised even in his lifetime, and his name stands highest among the heroic leaders of mankind. The phrase used is more comprehensive in meaning than that used for various prophets in 37:119 etc.: "We left this blessing for them among generations to come in later times".


94:5
[ Original ]
فَإِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So, verily, with every difficulty, there is relief:
[ Saheeh International ]
For indeed, with hardship [will be] ease.
Tafseer Commentary

6191 This verse is repeated for extra emphasis. Whatever difficulties or troubles are encountered by men, Allah always provides a solution, a way out, a relief, a way to lead to ease and happiness, if we only follow His Path and show our Faith by patience and well-doing . The solution or relief does not merely come after the Difficulty: it is provided with it I understand the definite article in al 'usr in a generic sense, and translate: "every difficulty", In 92:7, I have translated Yusr a s , Bliss, and in 92:10 'Usr as Misery.


94:6
[ Original ]
إِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily, with every difficulty there is relief.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, with hardship [will be] ease.

94:7
[ Original ]
فَإِذَا فَرَغْتَ فَانْصَبْ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Therefore, when thou art free (from thine immediate task), still labour hard,
[ Saheeh International ]
So when you have finished [your duties], then stand up [for worship].
Tafseer Commentary

6192 When thou art free: or when thou art relieved. The words understood may be: from thy immediate task, that of preaching to men, denouncing sin, and encouraging righteousness; or, from the difficulties that confronted thee. When that happens, that does not finish the labours of the man of Allah. It is only one step to them. He has constantly and insistently to go on. When there is rest from the task of instructing the world, the contact with the spiritual kingdom continues, and indeed it becomes more intimate and concentrated.


94:8
[ Original ]
وَإِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ فَارْغَبْ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And to thy Lord turn (all) thy attention.
[ Saheeh International ]
And to your Lord direct [your] longing.
Tafseer Commentary

6193 The kingdom of Allah is everything. Other things are incidental, and really do not matter. Worldly greatness or success may be a means to an end, but it may also be a hindrance to true spiritual greatness. Allah is the goal of the righteous man's whole attention and desire.


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