Sura/Chapter:

Verse:    Count: 42
Tafseer/Commentary:
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Translations:
80: Abasa - عبس

80:1
[ Original ]
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ عَبَسَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(The Prophet) frowned and turned away,
[ Saheeh International ]
The Prophet frowned and turned away
Tafseer Commentary

5950 See the Introduction to this Surah for the incident to which this refers. The lesson is that neither spiritual worth nor the prospect of effective spiritual guidance is to be measured by a man's position in life. The poor, or the blind, the halt, or the maimed, may be more susceptible to the teaching of Allah's Word than men who are apparently gifted, but who suffer from arrogance and self-sufficiency.


80:2
[ Original ]
أَنْ جَاءَهُ الْأَعْمَىٰ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Because there came to him the blind man (interrupting).
[ Saheeh International ]
Because there came to him the blind man, [interrupting].

80:3
[ Original ]
وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ لَعَلَّهُ يَزَّكَّىٰ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But what could tell thee but that perchance he might grow (in spiritual understanding)?-
[ Saheeh International ]
But what would make you perceive, [O Muhammad], that perhaps he might be purified

80:4
[ Original ]
أَوْ يَذَّكَّرُ فَتَنْفَعَهُ الذِّكْرَىٰ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Or that he might receive admonition, and the teaching might profit him?
[ Saheeh International ]
Or be reminded and the remembrance would benefit him?
Tafseer Commentary

5951 It may be that the poor blind man might, on account of his will to learn, be more likely to grow in his own spiritual development or to profit by any lessons taught to him even in reproof than a self-sufficient leader. In fact it was so. For the blind man became a true and sincere Muslim and lived to become a governor of Madinah.


80:5
[ Original ]
أَمَّا مَنِ اسْتَغْنَىٰ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
As to one who regards Himself as selfsufficient,
[ Saheeh International ]
As for he who thinks himself without need,
Tafseer Commentary

5952 Such a one would be a Pagan Quraysh leader, whom the Prophet was anxious to get into his fold, in order that the work of preaching Allah's Message might be facilitated. But such a Message works first amongst the simple and lowly, the poor and despised folk, and the mighty ones of the earth only come in when the stream rushes in with irresistible force.


80:6
[ Original ]
فَأَنْتَ لَهُ تَصَدَّىٰ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
To him dost thou attend;
[ Saheeh International ]
To him you give attention.

80:7
[ Original ]
وَمَا عَلَيْكَ أَلَّا يَزَّكَّىٰ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Though it is no blame to thee if he grow not (in spiritual understanding).
[ Saheeh International ]
And not upon you [is any blame] if he will not be purified.
Tafseer Commentary

5953 Allah's Message is for all, but if the great ones arrogantly keep back from it, it is no fault of the Preacher, so long as he has proclaimed the Message. He should attend to all, and specially to the humble and lowly.


80:8
[ Original ]
وَأَمَّا مَنْ جَاءَكَ يَسْعَىٰ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But as to him who came to thee striving earnestly,
[ Saheeh International ]
But as for he who came to you striving [for knowledge]

80:9
[ Original ]
وَهُوَ يَخْشَىٰ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And with fear (in his heart),
[ Saheeh International ]
While he fears [Allah],
Tafseer Commentary

5954 The fear in the blind man's heart may have been twofold. (1) He was humble and God-fearing, not arrogant and self-sufficient: (2) being poor and blind, he feared to intrude: yet his earnest desire to learn the Qur'an made him bold, and he came, perhaps unseasonably, but was yet worthy of encouragement, because of the purity of his heart.


80:10
[ Original ]
فَأَنْتَ عَنْهُ تَلَهَّىٰ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Of him wast thou unmindful.
[ Saheeh International ]
From him you are distracted.

80:11
[ Original ]
كَلَّا إِنَّهَا تَذْكِرَةٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
By no means (should it be so)! For it is indeed a Message of instruction:
[ Saheeh International ]
No! Indeed, these verses are a reminder;
Tafseer Commentary

5955 Allah's Message is a universal Message, from which no one is to be excludedrich or poor, old or young, great or lowly, learned or ignorant. If anyone had the spiritual craving that needed satisfaction, he was to be given precedence if there was to be any question of precedence at all.


80:12
[ Original ]
فَمَنْ شَاءَ ذَكَرَهُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Therefore let whoso will, keep it in remembrance.
[ Saheeh International ]
So whoever wills may remember it.

80:13
[ Original ]
فِي صُحُفٍ مُكَرَّمَةٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(It is) in Books held (greatly) in honour,
[ Saheeh International ]
[It is recorded] in honored sheets,
Tafseer Commentary

5956 At the time this Surah was revealed, there were perhaps only about 42 or 45 Surahs in the hands of the Muslims. But it was a sufficient body of Revelation of high spiritual value, to which the description given here could be applied. It was held in the highest honour; its place in the hearts of Muslims was more exalted than that of anything else: as Allah's Word, it was pure and sacred; and those who transcribed it were men who were honourable, just and pious. The legend that the early Surahs were not carefully written down and preserved in books is a pure invention. The recensions made later in the time of the first and the third Khalifahs were merely to preserve the purity and safeguard the arrangement of the text at a time when the expansion of Islam among non-Arabic-speaking peoples made such precautions necessary.


80:14
[ Original ]
مَرْفُوعَةٍ مُطَهَّرَةٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Exalted (in dignity), kept pure and holy,
[ Saheeh International ]
Exalted and purified,

80:15
[ Original ]
بِأَيْدِي سَفَرَةٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Written) by the hands of scribes-
[ Saheeh International ]
[Carried] by the hands of messenger-angels,

80:16
[ Original ]
كِرَامٍ بَرَرَةٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Honourable and Pious and Just.
[ Saheeh International ]
Noble and dutiful.

80:17
[ Original ]
قُتِلَ الْإِنْسَانُ مَا أَكْفَرَهُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Woe to man! What hath made him reject Allah.
[ Saheeh International ]
Cursed is man; how disbelieving is he.

80:18
[ Original ]
مِنْ أَيِّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقَهُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
From what stuff hath He created him?
[ Saheeh International ]
From what substance did He create him?

80:19
[ Original ]
مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ خَلَقَهُ فَقَدَّرَهُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
From a sperm-drop: He hath created him, and then mouldeth him in due proportions;
[ Saheeh International ]
From a sperm-drop He created him and destined for him;
Tafseer Commentary

5957 Cf. 76:2, and n. 5832. The origin of man as an animal is lowly indeed. But what further faculties and capacities has not Allah granted to men? Besides his animal body, in which also he shares in all the blessings which Allah has bestowed on the rest of His Creation, man has been granted divine gifts which entitle him to be called Vicegerent of Allah on earth: 2:30. He has a will; he has spiritual perception; he is capable of divine love; he can control nature within certain limits, and subject nature's forces to his own use. And he has been given the power of judgement, so that he can avoid excess and defect, and follow the middle path. And that path, as well as all that is necessary for his life in its manifold aspects, has been made easy for him.


80:20
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ السَّبِيلَ يَسَّرَهُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then doth He make His path smooth for him;
[ Saheeh International ]
Then He eased the way for him;

80:21
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ أَمَاتَهُ فَأَقْبَرَهُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then He causeth him to die, and putteth him in his Grave;
[ Saheeh International ]
Then He causes his death and provides a grave for him.
Tafseer Commentary

5958 Cf. 20:55. Death is an inevitable event after the brief life on this earth, but it is also in a sense a blessing-a release from the imperfections of this world, a close of the probationary period, after which will dawn the full Reality. The Grave may be understood to be the period between physical death and immortal Life, whatever may be the mode of disposal of the dead body. This intermediate period is the Barzakh or Partition: see n. 2940 to 23:101.


80:22
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ إِذَا شَاءَ أَنْشَرَهُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then, when it is His Will, He will raise him up (again).
[ Saheeh International ]
Then when He wills, He will resurrect him.

80:23
[ Original ]
كَلَّا لَمَّا يَقْضِ مَا أَمَرَهُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
By no means hath he fulfilled what Allah hath commanded him.
[ Saheeh International ]
No! Man has not yet accomplished what He commanded him.
Tafseer Commentary

5959 Though all these blessings and stages have been provided by Allah's Grace for the good of man, yet unregenerate man fails in carrying out the purpose of his creation and life.


80:24
[ Original ]
فَلْيَنْظُرِ الْإِنْسَانُ إِلَىٰ طَعَامِهِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then let man look at his Food, (and how We provide it):
[ Saheeh International ]
Then let mankind look at his food -
Tafseer Commentary

5960 After a reference to man's inner history, there is now a reference to just one item in his daily outer life, his food: and it is shown how the forces of heaven and earth unite by Allah's Command to serve man and his dependants, "for use and convenience to you and your cattle" (verse 32 below). If that is the case with just one item, food, how much more comprehensive is Allah's beneficence when the whole of man's needs are considered!


80:25
[ Original ]
أَنَّا صَبَبْنَا الْمَاءَ صَبًّا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
For that We pour forth water in abundance,
[ Saheeh International ]
How We poured down water in torrents,

80:26
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ شَقَقْنَا الْأَرْضَ شَقًّا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And We split the earth in fragments,
[ Saheeh International ]
Then We broke open the earth, splitting [it with sprouts],
Tafseer Commentary

5961 The water comes from the clouds in plentiful abundance; the earth is ploughed, and the soil is broken up in fragments, and yields an abundant harvest of cereals (Corn), trellised fruit (Grapes), and vegetable food (nutritious Plants), as well as fruit that can keep for long periods and serve many uses, like olives and dates.


80:27
[ Original ]
فَأَنْبَتْنَا فِيهَا حَبًّا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And produce therein corn,
[ Saheeh International ]
And caused to grow within it grain
Tafseer Commentary

5962 Therein: i.e., from within the earth or the soil.


80:28
[ Original ]
وَعِنَبًا وَقَضْبًا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And Grapes and nutritious plants,
[ Saheeh International ]
And grapes and herbage

80:29
[ Original ]
وَزَيْتُونًا وَنَخْلًا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And Olives and Dates,
[ Saheeh International ]
And olive and palm trees

80:30
[ Original ]
وَحَدَائِقَ غُلْبًا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And enclosed Gardens, dense with lofty trees,
[ Saheeh International ]
And gardens of dense shrubbery
Tafseer Commentary

5963 We not only get field crops such as were mentioned in n. 5961 above, but we have the more highly cultivated garden crops, both in the way of lofty trees, and in the way of carefully tended fruits like the fig; and then we have grass and all kinds of fodder.


80:31
[ Original ]
وَفَاكِهَةً وَأَبًّا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And fruits and fodder,-
[ Saheeh International ]
And fruit and grass -

80:32
[ Original ]
مَتَاعًا لَكُمْ وَلِأَنْعَامِكُمْ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
For use and convenience to you and your cattle.
[ Saheeh International ]
[As] enjoyment for you and your grazing livestock.
Tafseer Commentary

5964 The same verse occurs at 79:33, where n. 5940 explains the wider meaning in that context.


80:33
[ Original ]
فَإِذَا جَاءَتِ الصَّاخَّةُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
At length, when there comes the Deafening Noise,-
[ Saheeh International ]
But when there comes the Deafening Blast
Tafseer Commentary

5965 Preliminary to the establishment of the Final Judgement.


80:34
[ Original ]
يَوْمَ يَفِرُّ الْمَرْءُ مِنْ أَخِيهِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
That Day shall a man flee from his own brother,
[ Saheeh International ]
On the Day a man will flee from his brother

80:35
[ Original ]
وَأُمِّهِ وَأَبِيهِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And from his mother and his father,
[ Saheeh International ]
And his mother and his father

80:36
[ Original ]
وَصَاحِبَتِهِ وَبَنِيهِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And from his wife and his children.
[ Saheeh International ]
And his wife and his children,
Tafseer Commentary

5966 Even those who were nearest and dearest in this life will not be able or willing to help each other on that awful Day. On the contrary, if they have to receive a sentence for their sins, they will be anxious to avoid even sharing each other's sorrows or witnessing each other's humiliation; for each will have enough of his own troubles to occupy him. On the other hand, the Righteous will be united with their righteous families: 52:21; and their faces will be "beaming, laughing, rejoicing" (80:38-39).


80:37
[ Original ]
لِكُلِّ امْرِئٍ مِنْهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ شَأْنٌ يُغْنِيهِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Each one of them, that Day, will have enough concern (of his own) to make him indifferent to the others.
[ Saheeh International ]
For every man, that Day, will be a matter adequate for him.
Tafseer Commentary

5967 Cf. 70:10-14. No friend will ask after a friend that Day. On the contrary the sinner will desire to save himself at the expense even of his own family and benefactors.


80:38
[ Original ]
وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ مُسْفِرَةٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Some faces that Day will be beaming,
[ Saheeh International ]
[Some] faces, that Day, will be bright -

80:39
[ Original ]
ضَاحِكَةٌ مُسْتَبْشِرَةٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Laughing, rejoicing.
[ Saheeh International ]
Laughing, rejoicing at good news.

80:40
[ Original ]
وَوُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ عَلَيْهَا غَبَرَةٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And other faces that Day will be dust-stained,
[ Saheeh International ]
And [other] faces, that Day, will have upon them dust.
Tafseer Commentary

5968 The dust on the faces of the sinners will be in contrast to the beaming light on the faces of the righteous; and the blackness in contrast to the "laughing, rejoicing" faces of the righteous. But the dust also suggests that being Rejecters of Allah, their faces and eyes and faculties were choked in dust, and the blackness suggests that being Doers of Iniquity they had no part or lot in purity or Light. Another contrast may possibly be deduced: the humble and lowly may be "in the dust" in this life, and the arrogant sinners in sunshine, but the roles will be reversed at Judgement.


80:41
[ Original ]
تَرْهَقُهَا قَتَرَةٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Blackness will cover them:
[ Saheeh International ]
Blackness will cover them.

80:42
[ Original ]
أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْكَفَرَةُ الْفَجَرَةُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Such will be the Rejecters of Allah, the doers of iniquity.
[ Saheeh International ]
Those are the disbelievers, the wicked ones.

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