Sura/Chapter:

Verse:    Count: 56
Tafseer/Commentary:
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Translations:
74: Al-Muddaththir - المدثر

74:1
[ Original ]
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُدَّثِّرُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
O thou wrapped up (in the mantle)!
[ Saheeh International ]
O you who covers himself [with a garment],
Tafseer Commentary

5778 In these wonderful early mystic verses there is a double thread of thought; (1) A particular occasion or person is referred to; (2) a general spiritual lesson is taught. As to (1), the Prophet was now past the stage of personal contemplation, lying down or sitting in his mantle; he was now to go forth; boldly to deliver his Message and publicly proclaim the Lord; his heart had always been purified, but now all his outward doings must be dedicated to Allah, and conventional respect for ancestral customs or worship must be thrown aside; his work as a Messenger was the most generous gift that could flow from his personality, but no reward or appreciation was to be expected from his people, but quite the contrary; there would be much call on his patience, but his contentment would arise from the good pleasure of Allah. As to (2), similar stages arise in a minor degree in the life of every good man, for which the Prophet's life is to be a universal pattern. (R).


74:2
[ Original ]
قُمْ فَأَنْذِرْ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Arise and deliver thy warning!
[ Saheeh International ]
Arise and warn

74:3
[ Original ]
وَرَبَّكَ فَكَبِّرْ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And thy Lord do thou magnify!
[ Saheeh International ]
And your Lord glorify

74:4
[ Original ]
وَثِيَابَكَ فَطَهِّرْ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And thy garments keep free from stain!
[ Saheeh International ]
And your clothing purify
Tafseer Commentary

5779 Possibly, in its immediate application, there is a reference to the dirt and filth which the Pagans used to throw at the Prophet to insult and persecute him.


74:5
[ Original ]
وَالرُّجْزَ فَاهْجُرْ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And all abomination shun!
[ Saheeh International ]
And uncleanliness avoid
Tafseer Commentary

5780 Rujz or Rijz: abomination: usually understood to refer to idolatry. It is even possible that there was an idol called Rujz. But it has a wider signification, as including a mental state opposed to true worship, a state of doubt or indecision.


74:6
[ Original ]
وَلَا تَمْنُنْ تَسْتَكْثِرُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Nor expect, in giving, any increase (for thyself)!
[ Saheeh International ]
And do not confer favor to acquire more
Tafseer Commentary

5781 The legal and commercial formula is that you give in order to receive. And usually you expect to receive what is worth to you a little more than you give. The spiritual consideration is that you give, but expect nothing from the receiver. You serve Allah and Allah's creatures.


74:7
[ Original ]
وَلِرَبِّكَ فَاصْبِرْ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But, for thy Lord's (Cause), be patient and constant!
[ Saheeh International ]
But for your Lord be patient.
Tafseer Commentary

5782 Our zeal for Allah's Cause itself requires that we should not be impatient, and that we should show constancy in our efforts for His Cause. For we have faith, and we know that He is All-Good, All-Wise, and All-Powerful, and everything will ultimately be right.


74:8
[ Original ]
فَإِذَا نُقِرَ فِي النَّاقُورِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Finally, when the Trumpet is sounded,
[ Saheeh International ]
And when the trumpet is blown,

74:9
[ Original ]
فَذَٰلِكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَوْمٌ عَسِيرٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
That will be- that Day - a Day of Distress,-
[ Saheeh International ]
That Day will be a difficult day
Tafseer Commentary

5783 The Sinner's course is now shown in contrast to the Seeker's. The Sinner may be self-complacent now; but what will be his position when the Reckoning comes? Not easy; indeed a Day of Distress!


74:10
[ Original ]
عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ غَيْرُ يَسِيرٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Far from easy for those without Faith.
[ Saheeh International ]
For the disbelievers - not easy.

74:11
[ Original ]
ذَرْنِي وَمَنْ خَلَقْتُ وَحِيدًا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Leave Me alone, (to deal) with the (creature) whom I created (bare and) alone!-
[ Saheeh International ]
Leave Me with the one I created alone
Tafseer Commentary

5784 The question of Justice and Punishment to men is for Allah alone. For man at his best can see only one side of truth, and only Allah is All-Knowing. He alone can judge the limits of Justice and Mercy.

5785 Man's adventitious advantages-wealth, power, position, talents-are not due to his own merits. They are gifts from Allah, Who created him. In himself he came bare and alone.


74:12
[ Original ]
وَجَعَلْتُ لَهُ مَالًا مَمْدُودًا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
To whom I granted resources in abundance,
[ Saheeh International ]
And to whom I granted extensive wealth

74:13
[ Original ]
وَبَنِينَ شُهُودًا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And sons to be by his side!-
[ Saheeh International ]
And children present [with him]
Tafseer Commentary

5786 The great ones of the earth may have wealth, a large following, sons by their side to defend them and do their bidding and manpower to help them in their battles. Life may be smooth and agreeable to them. But their responsibility is to Allah.


74:14
[ Original ]
وَمَهَّدْتُ لَهُ تَمْهِيدًا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
To whom I made (life) smooth and comfortable!
[ Saheeh International ]
And spread [everything] before him, easing [his life].

74:15
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ يَطْمَعُ أَنْ أَزِيدَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Yet is he greedy-that I should add (Yet more);-
[ Saheeh International ]
Then he desires that I should add more.
Tafseer Commentary

5787 The Sinner takes Allah's gifts as if they were his right. The more he gets, the more is he greedy. Yet to Allah's Signs and revelations he is willfully deaf or even openly rebellious. But he is only preparing the way for his own undoing.


74:16
[ Original ]
كَلَّا ۖ إِنَّهُ كَانَ لِآيَاتِنَا عَنِيدًا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
By no means! For to Our Signs he has been refractory!
[ Saheeh International ]
No! Indeed, he has been toward Our verses obstinate.

74:17
[ Original ]
سَأُرْهِقُهُ صَعُودًا
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Soon will I visit him with a mount of calamities!
[ Saheeh International ]
I will cover him with arduous torment.
Tafseer Commentary

5788 "A mount of calamities" or disasters: may be understood as a phrase for cumulative disasters. (R).


74:18
[ Original ]
إِنَّهُ فَكَّرَ وَقَدَّرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
For he thought and he plotted;-
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, he thought and deliberated.

74:19
[ Original ]
فَقُتِلَ كَيْفَ قَدَّرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And woe to him! How he plotted!-
[ Saheeh International ]
So may he be destroyed [for] how he deliberated.
Tafseer Commentary

5789 Cf. 51:10; "Woe to the falsehood mongers!"


74:20
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ قُتِلَ كَيْفَ قَدَّرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Yea, Woe to him; How he plotted!-
[ Saheeh International ]
Then may he be destroyed [for] how he deliberated.

74:21
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ نَظَرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then he looked round;
[ Saheeh International ]
Then he considered [again];

74:22
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ عَبَسَ وَبَسَرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then he frowned and he scowled;
[ Saheeh International ]
Then he frowned and scowled;

74:23
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ أَدْبَرَ وَاسْتَكْبَرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then he turned back and was haughty;
[ Saheeh International ]
Then he turned back and was arrogant

74:24
[ Original ]
فَقَالَ إِنْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا سِحْرٌ يُؤْثَرُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then said he: "This is nothing but magic, derived from of old;
[ Saheeh International ]
And said, "This is not but magic imitated [from others].
Tafseer Commentary

5790 The Commentators understand the reference to be to Walid ibn Mughayrah, who was a wealthy Sybarite, Pagan to the core, and an inveterate enemy to the Prophet. He and Abu Jahl did all they could, from the beginning of the preaching of Islam, to abuse and persecute the Preacher, to run down his doctrine, and to injure those who believed in it. But the meaning for us is much wider. There are Walids in all ages. They cannot understand divine inspiration, and seek to explain its wonderful influence over the lives of men by some such unmeaning formula as "magic". The eternal Hope is to them mere human delusion!


74:25
[ Original ]
إِنْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا قَوْلُ الْبَشَرِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"This is nothing but the word of a mortal!"
[ Saheeh International ]
This is not but the word of a human being."

74:26
[ Original ]
سَأُصْلِيهِ سَقَرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Soon will I cast him into Hell-Fire!
[ Saheeh International ]
I will drive him into Saqar.
Tafseer Commentary

5791 The Sinner's perversity can only end in the Fire of Punishment It enters his very being. See next note.


74:27
[ Original ]
وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا سَقَرُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And what will explain to thee what Hell-Fire is?
[ Saheeh International ]
And what can make you know what is Saqar?

74:28
[ Original ]
لَا تُبْقِي وَلَا تَذَرُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Naught doth it permit to endure, and naught doth it leave alone!-
[ Saheeh International ]
It lets nothing remain and leaves nothing [unburned],
Tafseer Commentary

5792 He is in a state in which he neither lives nor dies (87:13). Looked at in another way, the things that in a good man are meant to last and grow, are for the sinner destroyed, and no part of his nature is left untouched. The brightness of his very manhood is darkened and extinguished by sin.


74:29
[ Original ]
لَوَّاحَةٌ لِلْبَشَرِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Darkening and changing the colour of man!
[ Saheeh International ]
Blackening the skins.

74:30
[ Original ]
عَلَيْهَا تِسْعَةَ عَشَرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Over it are Nineteen.
[ Saheeh International ]
Over it are nineteen [angels].
Tafseer Commentary

5793 The figure nineteen refers to angels appointed to guard Hell. See verse 31 below and the corresponding note. [Eds.].


74:31
[ Original ]
وَمَا جَعَلْنَا أَصْحَابَ النَّارِ إِلَّا مَلَائِكَةً ۙ وَمَا جَعَلْنَا عِدَّتَهُمْ إِلَّا فِتْنَةً لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِيَسْتَيْقِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ وَيَزْدَادَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِيمَانًا ۙ وَلَا يَرْتَابَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ ۙ وَلِيَقُولَ الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ وَالْكَافِرُونَ مَاذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بِهَٰذَا مَثَلًا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يُضِلُّ اللَّهُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيَهْدِي مَنْ يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَا يَعْلَمُ جُنُودَ رَبِّكَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۚ وَمَا هِيَ إِلَّا ذِكْرَىٰ لِلْبَشَرِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And We have set none but angels as Guardians of the Fire; and We have fixed their number only as a trial for Unbelievers,- in order that the People of the Book may arrive at certainty, and the Believers may increase in Faith,- and that no doubts may be left for the People of the Book and the Believers, and that those in whose hearts is a disease and the Unbelievers may say, "What symbol doth Allah intend by this?" Thus doth Allah leave to stray whom He pleaseth, and guide whom He pleaseth: and none can know the forces of thy Lord, except He. And this is no other than a warning to mankind.
[ Saheeh International ]
And We have not made the keepers of the Fire except angels. And We have not made their number except as a trial for those who disbelieve - that those who were given the Scripture will be convinced and those who have believed will increase in faith and those who were given the Scripture and the believers will not doubt and that those in whose hearts is hypocrisy and the disbelievers will say, "What does Allah intend by this as an example?" Thus does Allah leave astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And none knows the soldiers of your Lord except Him. And mention of the Fire is not but a reminder to humanity.
Tafseer Commentary

5794 Cf. 66:6, and n. 5540. There was a great volume of angelology in the religious literature of the People of the Book (i.e., the Jews and Christians) to whom (among others) an appeal is made in this verse. The Essenes, a Jewish brotherhood with highly spiritual ideas, to which perhaps the Prophet Jesus himself belonged, had an extensive literature of angelology. In the Midrash also, which was a Jewish school of exegesis and mystical interpretation, there was much said about angels. The Eastern Christian sects contemporary with the birth of Islam had borrowed and developed many of these ideas, and their mystics owed much to the Gnostics and the Persian apocalyptic systems. In the New Testament the relation of the angels with Fire is referred to more than once. In Rev. 9:11 we have "the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon". In Rev. 14:18 there is an "angel which had power over fire", and in Rev. 16:8 an angel has "power . . . given unto him to scorch men with fire". In the Old Testament (Daniel 7:9-10) me essence of all angels is fire: thousands of them issued as a fiery stream from before the Ancient of Days, whose "throne was like the fiery flame, and His wheels as burning fire".

5795 The mystic significance of numbers is a favourite theme with some writers, but I lay no stress on it. In Christian theology the number of the Beast, 666, in Rev. 13:18 has given rise to much controversy, and may refer only to the numerical value of the letters in the name of the Roman Emperor Nero. In our own literature I think that we ought to avoid too much insistence on speculative conjectures. (R).

5796 There are four classes of people mentioned here: (1) the Muslims will have their faith increased, because they believe that all revelation is from Allah Most Merciful, and all His forces will work in their favour; (2) the People of the Book, those who had received previous revelations of an analogous character, the Jews and Christians, had numerous sects disputing with each other on minute points of doctrine; but they will now, if they believe, find rest from controversies in a broad understanding of scripture; (3) those in whose hearts is a disease (see 2:8-10, notes n. 33-34), the insincere ones, the hypocrites, will only be mystified, because they believe nothing and have rejected the grace and mercy of Allah; (4) the Unbelievers have frankly done the same and must suffer similar consequences. (R).

5797 It is a necessary consequence of moral responsibility and freedom of choice in man, that he should be left free to stray if he chooses to do so, in spite of all the warning and the instruction he receives. Allah's channels of warning and instruction-His spiritual forces-are infinite, as are His powers. No man can know them. But this warning or reminder is addressed to all mankind. All things are referred to Allah. But we must not attribute evil to Him. In 4:79 we are expressly told that the good comes from Allah, and the evil from ourselves.


74:32
[ Original ]
كَلَّا وَالْقَمَرِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Nay, verily: By the Moon,
[ Saheeh International ]
No! By the moon
Tafseer Commentary

5798 An oath in human speech calls in evidence something sacred in the heart of man. In Allah's Message, also, when delivered in human language, solemn emphasis is indicated by an appeal to something striking among the Signs of Allah, which will go straight to the human heart which is addressed. In each case the symbol of the appeal has reference to the particular point enforced in the argument. Here we are asked to contemplate three wonderful phenomena, and they lead up to the conclusion in verse 38. (1) The moon, next after the sun, is the most striking luminary to our sight. Its reflected light has for us even a greater mystery than the direct light of the sun, which looks to us like pure fire. The moon was worshipped as a deity in times of darkness. But in reality, though she rules the night, her rays are only reflections, and are wanting in warmth and vitality. So every soul which looks up to a mere creature of Allah for a sort of vicarious salvation is in spiritual darkness of error; for the true source of spiritual light and life is Allah, and Allah alone. For (2) the Night and (3) the Dawn, see the following note.


74:33
[ Original ]
وَاللَّيْلِ إِذْ أَدْبَرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And by the Night as it retreateth,
[ Saheeh International ]
And [by] the night when it departs
Tafseer Commentary

5799 (2) The Night when it is illuminated by the Moon is light in a sense, but it is really dark and must give place to (3) the Dawn when it comes, as the harbinger of the Sun. So in spiritual matters, when every soul realises its own responsibility, it will look less and less to reflected lights, and through the beauty of a dawn-like awakening, will be prepared more and more for the splendour of the light of Allah Himself, the goal of the Heaven of our dreams.


74:34
[ Original ]
وَالصُّبْحِ إِذَا أَسْفَرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And by the Dawn as it shineth forth,-
[ Saheeh International ]
And [by] the morning when it brightens,

74:35
[ Original ]
إِنَّهَا لَإِحْدَى الْكُبَرِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
This is but one of the mighty (portents),
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, the Fire is of the greatest [afflictions]
Tafseer Commentary

5800 This is but one, etc. There are numerous Signs of Allah, of which Judgement is one, and one of the mightiest portents. Or the reference may be to the waning of the Moon, the decline of the night, and the glorious sunrise, as tokens or symbols of the world renewed when the present transitory world passes away. According to some commentators "This" here refers to Hell. (R).


74:36
[ Original ]
نَذِيرًا لِلْبَشَرِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
A warning to mankind,-
[ Saheeh International ]
As a warning to humanity -

74:37
[ Original ]
لِمَنْ شَاءَ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ يَتَقَدَّمَ أَوْ يَتَأَخَّرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
To any of you that chooses to press forward, or to follow behind;-
[ Saheeh International ]
To whoever wills among you to proceed or stay behind.
Tafseer Commentary

5801 Three interpretations are possible. (1) Those pressing forward may be the Righteous, and those following behind may be the laggards, the Unbelievers, who reject Allah's love, care, and mercy. (2) Men of two kinds of temperament may be referred to; those who are always in the van and those who are always in the rear. Allah's Message is open to both. But there may be a danger to both; in the one case, overconfidence, or hope in wrong things; in the other case missing great opportunities so that their spiritual lives may be "bound in shallows and in miseries". Extremes should be avoided. (3) Or it may mean that the warning is effective only for those willing to move forwards or backwards, as the case may be, but is lost on the inert or the lethargic. For our moral and spiritual progress, we have in some cases to go forward, but in some cases we have to retreat from false positions. The hopeless case is that of the obstinate man, whose heart is so dead that he dares not advance to the right or withdraw from the wrong.


74:38
[ Original ]
كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ رَهِينَةٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Every soul will be (held) in pledge for its deeds.
[ Saheeh International ]
Every soul, for what it has earned, will be retained
Tafseer Commentary

5802 Cf. 52:21. Man cannot shift his responsibility to vicarious saviours or saints. His redemption depends upon the grace of Allah, for which he should constantly and wholeheartedly strive by means of right conduct. If he does so he will be redeemed and he will join the Companions of the Right Hand.


74:39
[ Original ]
إِلَّا أَصْحَابَ الْيَمِينِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Except the Companions of the Right Hand,
[ Saheeh International ]
Except the companions of the right,
Tafseer Commentary

5803 Cf. n. 5223 to 56:3, and see 56:27-38. The Companions of the Right Hand will be the Righteous or the Blessed in the Hereafter. Their grounds of merit will be Prayer, Charity, Earnestness, and Faith in Allah's just Judgement; all which are within the reach of the humblest Seeker. They are not separate acts of virtues, but are all interconnected. At Judgement, the pledge of their soul will be redeemed by Allah's Grace at the Taking of the Account.


74:40
[ Original ]
فِي جَنَّاتٍ يَتَسَاءَلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(They will be) in Gardens (of Delight): and will ask,
[ Saheeh International ]
[Who will be] in gardens, questioning each other

74:41
[ Original ]
عَنِ الْمُجْرِمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Of the Sinners:
[ Saheeh International ]
About the criminals,

74:42
[ Original ]
مَا سَلَكَكُمْ فِي سَقَرَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"What led you into Hell-Fire?"
[ Saheeh International ]
[And asking them], "What put you into Saqar?"

74:43
[ Original ]
قَالُوا لَمْ نَكُ مِنَ الْمُصَلِّينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They will say: "We were not of those who prayed;"
[ Saheeh International ]
They will say, "We were not of those who prayed,

74:44
[ Original ]
وَلَمْ نَكُ نُطْعِمُ الْمِسْكِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Nor were we of those who fed the indigent;"
[ Saheeh International ]
Nor did we used to feed the poor.

74:45
[ Original ]
وَكُنَّا نَخُوضُ مَعَ الْخَائِضِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"But we used to talk vanities with vain talkers;"
[ Saheeh International ]
And we used to enter into vain discourse with those who engaged [in it],

74:46
[ Original ]
وَكُنَّا نُكَذِّبُ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And we used to deny the Day of Judgment,"
[ Saheeh International ]
And we used to deny the Day of Recompense

74:47
[ Original ]
حَتَّىٰ أَتَانَا الْيَقِينُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Until there came to us (the Hour) that is certain."
[ Saheeh International ]
Until there came to us the certainty."
Tafseer Commentary

5804 Cf. 15:99, and n. 2018. The Hour that is Certain is usually taken to be Death. (R).


74:48
[ Original ]
فَمَا تَنْفَعُهُمْ شَفَاعَةُ الشَّافِعِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then will no intercession of (any) intercessors profit them.
[ Saheeh International ]
So there will not benefit them the intercession of [any] intercessors.

74:49
[ Original ]
فَمَا لَهُمْ عَنِ التَّذْكِرَةِ مُعْرِضِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then what is the matter with them that they turn away from admonition?-
[ Saheeh International ]
Then what is [the matter] with them that they are, from the reminder, turning away
Tafseer Commentary

5805 If the Day of Judgement is inevitable, it is strange that men should not heed a plain warning, but go on as if they were thoughdess and obstinate asses stampeding from a lion. Instead of heeding the warning, they try to avoid it. They are frightened at Allah's Word.


74:50
[ Original ]
كَأَنَّهُمْ حُمُرٌ مُسْتَنْفِرَةٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
As if they were affrighted asses,
[ Saheeh International ]
As if they were alarmed donkeys

74:51
[ Original ]
فَرَّتْ مِنْ قَسْوَرَةٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Fleeing from a lion!
[ Saheeh International ]
Fleeing from a lion?

74:52
[ Original ]
بَلْ يُرِيدُ كُلُّ امْرِئٍ مِنْهُمْ أَنْ يُؤْتَىٰ صُحُفًا مُنَشَّرَةً
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Forsooth, each one of them wants to be given scrolls (of revelation) spread out!
[ Saheeh International ]
Rather, every person among them desires that he would be given scriptures spread about.
Tafseer Commentary

5806 Cf. 17:93: "Until thou send down to us a book, that we could read". The Unbelievers pretend, in ridicule, that they would believe if a special message written on open scrolls and addressed to them severally were brought to them by a miracle! There is a disease in their hearts and understandings. The Teacher's warning is plain, and enough for any reasonable person who has the will to seek Allah.


74:53
[ Original ]
كَلَّا ۖ بَلْ لَا يَخَافُونَ الْآخِرَةَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
By no means! But they fear not the Hereafter,
[ Saheeh International ]
No! But they do not fear the Hereafter.

74:54
[ Original ]
كَلَّا إِنَّهُ تَذْكِرَةٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Nay, this surely is an admonition:
[ Saheeh International ]
No! Indeed, the Qur'an is a reminder

74:55
[ Original ]
فَمَنْ شَاءَ ذَكَرَهُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Let any who will, keep it in remembrance!
[ Saheeh International ]
Then whoever wills will remember it.
Tafseer Commentary

5807 The Qur'an itself is the admonition-the last among the revealed Books of Allah. If man has the will to learn, he will keep the Message always before him, and Allah's Grace will help him to carry it out in his conduct.


74:56
[ Original ]
وَمَا يَذْكُرُونَ إِلَّا أَنْ يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ ۚ هُوَ أَهْلُ التَّقْوَىٰ وَأَهْلُ الْمَغْفِرَةِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But none will keep it in remembrance except as Allah wills: He is the Lord of Righteousness, and the Lord of Forgiveness.
[ Saheeh International ]
And they will not remember except that Allah wills. He is worthy of fear and adequate for [granting] forgiveness.
Tafseer Commentary

5808 Righteousness as well as Forgiveness have their source in Allah's Will. Man's Righteousness has no meaning except in relation to the Universal Will. For Taqwa see n. 26 to 2:2. If we take the word here in the sense of "the fear of Allah", the translation would be: "He alone is worthy to be feared, and He alone is entitled to grant Forgiveness."


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