Sura/Chapter:

Verse:    Count: 45
Tafseer/Commentary:
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Translations:
50: Qaf - ق

50:1
[ Original ]
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ ق ۚ وَالْقُرْآنِ الْمَجِيدِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Qaf: By the Glorious Qur'an (Thou art Allah.s Messenger..
[ Saheeh International ]
Qaf. By the honored Qur'an...
Tafseer Commentary

4939 This is an Abbreviated Letter. For Abbreviated letters generally, see Appendix I. This particular Abbreviated Letter Qaf occurs only here as a single letter, and in combination at the beginning of S. 42, where I was unable to explain the full combination. Here the Qaf is taken by several Commentators to represent Qudiya al Amr, "the matter has been decreed," with reference to the eschatological trend of the Surah. Allah knows best.

4940 Majid (translated "Glorious") is one of the beautiful appellations of the Qur'an. Its glory is that of the rising sun: the more it rises on your mental and spiritual horizon, the more you are lost in admiration of its glory. Its meanings are manifest and inexhaustible. The greater your experience, the more light is your spiritual eye able to bear. And in that glory is a beauty that none can tell who has not experienced it in his soul. It is itself the proof of the mission of the Prophet.


50:2
[ Original ]
بَلْ عَجِبُوا أَنْ جَاءَهُمْ مُنْذِرٌ مِنْهُمْ فَقَالَ الْكَافِرُونَ هَٰذَا شَيْءٌ عَجِيبٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But they wonder that there has come to them a Warner from among themselves. So the Unbelievers say: "This is a wonderful thing!
[ Saheeh International ]
But they wonder that there has come to them a warner from among themselves, and the disbelievers say, "This is an amazing thing.
Tafseer Commentary

4941 In a sense their wonder is natural: do we wonder at the glorious sun? In another sense it is unnatural: what should we say of a man who fails to see in broad daylight?


50:3
[ Original ]
أَإِذَا مِتْنَا وَكُنَّا تُرَابًا ۖ ذَٰلِكَ رَجْعٌ بَعِيدٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"What! When we die and become dust, (shall we live again?) That is a (sort of) return far (from our understanding)."
[ Saheeh International ]
When we have died and have become dust, [we will return to life]? That is a distant return."
Tafseer Commentary

4942 Cf. 37:16.


50:4
[ Original ]
قَدْ عَلِمْنَا مَا تَنْقُصُ الْأَرْضُ مِنْهُمْ ۖ وَعِنْدَنَا كِتَابٌ حَفِيظٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
We already know how much of them the earth takes away: With Us is a record guarding (the full account).
[ Saheeh International ]
We know what the earth diminishes of them, and with Us is a retaining record.
Tafseer Commentary

4943 The earth only corrupts and takes away the body when they are dead; it has no power over the soul. The full account of the soul's doings is in Allah's Record.


50:5
[ Original ]
بَلْ كَذَّبُوا بِالْحَقِّ لَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ فَهُمْ فِي أَمْرٍ مَرِيجٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But they deny the Truth when it comes to them: so they are in a confused state.
[ Saheeh International ]
But they denied the truth when it came to them, so they are in a confused condition.
Tafseer Commentary

4944 If they deny what has been made clear to them, their minds must necessarily get into confusion. All nature declares the glory and goodness of Allah. Revelation explains the inequalities of this life and how they will be redressed in the Hereafter. If they do not accept this, they are not in a logical position. They cannot reconcile the known with the unknown.


50:6
[ Original ]
أَفَلَمْ يَنْظُرُوا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَوْقَهُمْ كَيْفَ بَنَيْنَاهَا وَزَيَّنَّاهَا وَمَا لَهَا مِنْ فُرُوجٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Do they not look at the sky above them?- How We have made it and adorned it, and there are no flaws in it?
[ Saheeh International ]
Have they not looked at the heaven above them - how We structured it and adorned it and [how] it has no rifts?
Tafseer Commentary

4945 The greatest philosophers have found a difficulty in understanding the sceptical position when they contemplate the wonder and mystery of the skies with all the countless beautiful stars and planets and lights in them, and laws of order, motion, and symmetry, that respond to the highest mathematical abstractions without a flaw. Can blind Chance give rise to such conditions?


50:7
[ Original ]
وَالْأَرْضَ مَدَدْنَاهَا وَأَلْقَيْنَا فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ وَأَنْبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِنْ كُلِّ زَوْجٍ بَهِيجٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And the earth- We have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and produced therein every kind of beautiful growth (in pairs)-
[ Saheeh International ]
And the earth - We spread it out and cast therein firmly set mountains and made grow therein [something] of every beautiful kind,
Tafseer Commentary

4946 Cf. 13:3; and 15:19 and n. 1955. The earth is round, and yet it appears stretched out as a vast expanse, like a carpet kept steady with the weight of the mountains.

4947 Cf. 22:5, and n. 2777. Sex in plants may be hinted at: see n. 1804 to 13:3.


50:8
[ Original ]
تَبْصِرَةً وَذِكْرَىٰ لِكُلِّ عَبْدٍ مُنِيبٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
To be observed and commemorated by every devotee turning (to Allah..
[ Saheeh International ]
Giving insight and a reminder for every servant who turns [to Allah].
Tafseer Commentary

4948 For all these things go into his very heart and soul. He loves to contemplate them, to remember them for himself as evidence of Allah's goodness and glory, and to mention and proclaim them, in the form of Psalms, Hymns or Dhikr. (R)


50:9
[ Original ]
وَنَزَّلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً مُبَارَكًا فَأَنْبَتْنَا بِهِ جَنَّاتٍ وَحَبَّ الْحَصِيدِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And We send down from the sky rain charted with blessing, and We produce therewith gardens and Grain for harvests;
[ Saheeh International ]
And We have sent down blessed rain from the sky and made grow thereby gardens and grain from the harvest

50:10
[ Original ]
وَالنَّخْلَ بَاسِقَاتٍ لَهَا طَلْعٌ نَضِيدٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And tall (and stately) palm-trees, with shoots of fruit-stalks, piled one over another;-
[ Saheeh International ]
And lofty palm trees having fruit arranged in layers -
Tafseer Commentary

4949 A beautiful nature passage. How graphic and unforgettable to anyone who has seen a spring and summer in an Arabian oasis!


50:11
[ Original ]
رِزْقًا لِلْعِبَادِ ۖ وَأَحْيَيْنَا بِهِ بَلْدَةً مَيْتًا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ الْخُرُوجُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
As sustenance for ((Allah)'s) Servants;- and We give (new) life therewith to land that is dead: Thus will be the Resurrection.
[ Saheeh International ]
As provision for the servants, and We have given life thereby to a dead land. Thus is the resurrection.

50:12
[ Original ]
كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ وَأَصْحَابُ الرَّسِّ وَثَمُودُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Before them was denied (the Hereafter) by the People of Noah, the Companions of the Rass, the Thamud,
[ Saheeh International ]
The people of Noah denied before them, and the companions of the well and Thamud
Tafseer Commentary

4950 Just the names of the peoples of Arabian tradition who were punished for their sins are mentioned; their stories will be found elsewhere. For the People of Noah, see 11:25-48 and other passages. For the Companions of the Ross, see 25:38 and n. 3094; for 'Ad and Thamud, see 26:123-158, and other passages; for Pharaoh and his People, see 2:49-50 and other passages: for the Brethren of Lut, see 7:80-84, and other passages; for the Companions of the Wood, see 15:78-79, and n. 2000; and for the People of Tubba, see 44:37 and n. 4715.


50:13
[ Original ]
وَعَادٌ وَفِرْعَوْنُ وَإِخْوَانُ لُوطٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The 'Ad, Pharaoh, the brethren of Lut,
[ Saheeh International ]
And 'Aad and Pharaoh and the brothers of Lot

50:14
[ Original ]
وَأَصْحَابُ الْأَيْكَةِ وَقَوْمُ تُبَّعٍ ۚ كُلٌّ كَذَّبَ الرُّسُلَ فَحَقَّ وَعِيدِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The Companions of the Wood, and the People of Tubba'; each one (of them) rejected the messengers, and My warning was duly fulfilled (in them).
[ Saheeh International ]
And the companions of the thicket and the people of Tubba'. All denied the messengers, so My threat was justly fulfilled.

50:15
[ Original ]
أَفَعَيِينَا بِالْخَلْقِ الْأَوَّلِ ۚ بَلْ هُمْ فِي لَبْسٍ مِنْ خَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Were We then weary with the first Creation, that they should be in confused doubt about a new Creation?
[ Saheeh International ]
Did We fail in the first creation? But they are in confusion over a new creation.
Tafseer Commentary

4951 Cf. 46:33, and n. 4812.


50:16
[ Original ]
وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ ۖ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
It was We Who created man, and We know what dark suggestions his soul makes to him: for We are nearer to him than (his) jugular vein.
[ Saheeh International ]
And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than [his] jugular vein
Tafseer Commentary

4952 Allah created man, and gave him his limited free will. Allah knows inmost desires and motives of man even better than man does himself. He is nearer to a man than the man's own jugular vein. The jugular vein is the big trunk vein, one on each side of the neck, which brings the blood back from the head to the heart. The two jugular veins correspond to the two carotid arteries which carry the blood from heart to the head. As the blood-stream is the vehicle of life and consciousness, the phrase "nearer than the jugular vein" implies that Allah knows more truly the innermost state of our feeling and consciousness than does our own ego.


50:17
[ Original ]
إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Behold, two (guardian angels) appointed to learn (his doings) learn (and noted them), one sitting on the right and one on the left.
[ Saheeh International ]
When the two receivers receive, seated on the right and on the left.
Tafseer Commentary

4953 Two angels are constantly by him to note his thoughts, words, and actions. One sits on the right side and notes his good deeds and the other on the left, to note his bad deeds; corresponding to the Companions of the Right and the Companions of the Left mentioned in 56:27 and 56:41. (R).


50:18
[ Original ]
مَا يَلْفِظُ مِنْ قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Not a word does he utter but there is a sentinel by him, ready (to note it).
[ Saheeh International ]
Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record].
Tafseer Commentary

4954 Then each "word" spoken is taken down by a "sentinel" (raqih). This has been construed to mean that the sentinel only records words, not thoughts which are not uttered. Thoughts may be forgiven if not uttered, and still more if they do not issue in action. At the stage at which we clothe a thought in words, we have already done an action. The Recorders mentioned in the last verse make a complete Record, in order to supply motives and springs of action, which will affect the degrees or status in the spiritual Hereafter. The three together, individuals or kinds, make the honourable Recorders, Kiraman Katibin, (plural, not dual number) mentioned in 82:11.


50:19
[ Original ]
وَجَاءَتْ سَكْرَةُ الْمَوْتِ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ مَا كُنْتَ مِنْهُ تَحِيدُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And the stupor of death will bring Truth (before his eyes): "This was the thing which thou wast trying to escape!"
[ Saheeh International ]
And the intoxication of death will bring the truth; that is what you were trying to avoid.
Tafseer Commentary

4955 What is stupor or unconsciousness to this probationary life will be the opening of the eyes to the spiritual world: for Death is the Gateway between the two. Once through that Gateway man will realise how the things which he neglected or looked upon as remote are the intimate Realities, and the things which seemed to loom large in his eyes in this world were shadows that have fled. The things we wanted to avoid are the things that have really come to pass. Both Good and Evil will realise the Truth now in its intensity.


50:20
[ Original ]
وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْوَعِيدِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And the Trumpet shall be blown: that will be the Day whereof Warning (had been given).
[ Saheeh International ]
And the Horn will be blown. That is the Day of [carrying out] the threat.
Tafseer Commentary

4956 The next stage will be the Judgement, heralded with the blowing of the Trumpet. Every soul will then come forth.


50:21
[ Original ]
وَجَاءَتْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَعَهَا سَائِقٌ وَشَهِيدٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And there will come forth every soul: with each will be an (angel) to drive, and an (angel) to bear witness.
[ Saheeh International ]
And every soul will come, with it a driver and a witness.
Tafseer Commentary

4957 Several interpretations are possible, leading to the same truth, that the Judgement will be set up; the Record will be produced; the good and bad deeds will speak for and against; and complete justice will be done, each act leading to its own due fruit. (1) The (angel) to drive and the (angel) to bear witness may be the Recording Angels of the left and the right (verse 17); or (2) it may not be angels, but the evil deeds will drive like task-masters, and the good deeds will bear witness for the soul on trial; or (3) his misused limbs and faculties will drive him to his doom, while his well-used limbs and faculties will witness for him.


50:22
[ Original ]
لَقَدْ كُنْتَ فِي غَفْلَةٍ مِنْ هَٰذَا فَكَشَفْنَا عَنْكَ غِطَاءَكَ فَبَصَرُكَ الْيَوْمَ حَدِيدٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(It will be said:) "Thou wast heedless of this; now have We removed thy veil, and sharp is thy sight this Day!"
[ Saheeh International ]
[It will be said], "You were certainly in unmindfulness of this, and We have removed from you your cover, so your sight, this Day, is sharp."
Tafseer Commentary

4958 The clearness of vision will now be even greater: see n. 4955 above.


50:23
[ Original ]
وَقَالَ قَرِينُهُ هَٰذَا مَا لَدَيَّ عَتِيدٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And his Companion will say: "Here is (his Record) ready with me!"
[ Saheeh International ]
And his companion, [the angel], will say, "This [record] is what is with me, prepared."
Tafseer Commentary

4959 Qann: Companion. If we take No. 1 of the constructions suggested in n. 4957, the Companion will be one of the Recording Angels mentioned above, in verse 21, perhaps the one that drives; or perhaps the third one mentioned in verse 18, for he has the Record ready with him. If we take any of the other constructions mentioned in n. 4957, it will be the evil deeds or the misused faculties. In any case it will be the factors on whose testimony his conviction will be based.


50:24
[ Original ]
أَلْقِيَا فِي جَهَنَّمَ كُلَّ كَفَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(The sentence will be:) "Throw, throw into Hell every contumacious Rejecter (of Allah.!-
[ Saheeh International ]
[Allah will say], "Throw into Hell every obstinate disbeliever,
Tafseer Commentary

4960 The original for "throw", here and in verse 26 below, is in the dual number, which some Commentators explain by saying that the dual form is used for emphasis, as if the verb ("throw, throw") were twice repeated. Examples of this are found in Arabic. But is it possible that the dual refers to the two angels mentioned in verses 50:17 and 50:21? In that case the Companions in verse 27 will be the third one mentioned in verses 50:18 and 50:23. In any case the third one will be the one on whose Record the sentence will be passed.


50:25
[ Original ]
مَنَّاعٍ لِلْخَيْرِ مُعْتَدٍ مُرِيبٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Who forbade what was good, transgressed all bounds, cast doubts and suspicions;
[ Saheeh International ]
Preventer of good, aggressor, and doubter,

50:26
[ Original ]
الَّذِي جَعَلَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ فَأَلْقِيَاهُ فِي الْعَذَابِ الشَّدِيدِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Who set up another god beside Allah. Throw him into a severe penalty."
[ Saheeh International ]
Who made [as equal] with Allah another deity; then throw him into the severe punishment."

50:27
[ Original ]
قَالَ قَرِينُهُ رَبَّنَا مَا أَطْغَيْتُهُ وَلَٰكِنْ كَانَ فِي ضَلَالٍ بَعِيدٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
His Companion will say: "Our Lord! I did not make him transgress, but he was (himself) far astray."
[ Saheeh International ]
His [devil] companion will say, "Our Lord, I did not make him transgress, but he [himself] was in extreme error."
Tafseer Commentary

4961 See last note. But some people understand by "Companion" here an evil associate in the world, an evil one who misled.

4962 Our Lord. One man speaks: "I did not", etc. Yet he uses the plural pronoun in saying, "Our Lord". This is beautifully appropriate, as he is speaking so as to include the person to be judged: as if he were to say, "Thou art my Lord, or the Lord of us angels or of all Creation, but Thou art his Lord also, for Thou didst cherish him and warn him, and he owed duties to Thee."

4963 Neither the Recording Angels nor the misused limbs and faculties, nor anything else whatever was responsible for the Evil: it was the personal responsibility of the Doer himself, with his free will.


50:28
[ Original ]
قَالَ لَا تَخْتَصِمُوا لَدَيَّ وَقَدْ قَدَّمْتُ إِلَيْكُمْ بِالْوَعِيدِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He will say: "Dispute not with each other in My Presence: I had already in advance sent you Warning.
[ Saheeh International ]
[Allah] will say, "Do not dispute before Me, while I had already presented to you the warning.
Tafseer Commentary

4964 It is suggested that sinners whose Record is black, driven into a corner, accuse others of misleading them: the others may be Recorders, or their faculties or opportunities or surroundings or their associates in the world, or anything but themselves. Such recriminations are not allowed in the Court of Judgement.

4965 Besides, personal responsibility had already been clearly preached to them in Allah's Message, and they had been warned of the consequences. 'You" is in the plural number 'all of you who are before the Judgement Seat had clear warning of the consequences of your conduct.'


50:29
[ Original ]
مَا يُبَدَّلُ الْقَوْلُ لَدَيَّ وَمَا أَنَا بِظَلَّامٍ لِلْعَبِيدِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"The Word changes not before Me, and I do not the least injustice to My Servants."
[ Saheeh International ]
The word will not be changed with Me, and never will I be unjust to the servants."
Tafseer Commentary

4966 'Abd has two plurals: (1) 'Abid, as here, means all Servants of Allah, i.e., all his creatures; (2) 'Ibad has the further connotation of Servants of Allah, devoted to his service; I have translated it in many cases by the word "devotees". The Sentence before the Judgement Seat is pronounced with perfect justice: it does not change, and requires no change; the inevitable consequences of sin must follow; the time for Mercy is past.


50:30
[ Original ]
يَوْمَ نَقُولُ لِجَهَنَّمَ هَلِ امْتَلَأْتِ وَتَقُولُ هَلْ مِنْ مَزِيدٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
One Day We will ask Hell, "Art thou filled to the full?" It will say, "Are there any more (to come)?"
[ Saheeh International ]
On the Day We will say to Hell, "Have you been filled?" and it will say, "Are there some more,"
Tafseer Commentary

4967 As the capacity of Good is unlimited, so is the capacity of Evil-unlimited. Hell is personified and asked, "Art thou sated to the full?" It replies, "If there are more to come, let them come." It is not satisfied.


50:31
[ Original ]
وَأُزْلِفَتِ الْجَنَّةُ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ غَيْرَ بَعِيدٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And the Garden will be brought nigh to the Righteous,- no more a thing distant.
[ Saheeh International ]
And Paradise will be brought near to the righteous, not far,
Tafseer Commentary

4968 In this life, the ideals of the spirit, the accomplishments of the things in our hearts and our hopes, seem to be ever so far, seem even to recede as we think we come nearer. Not so in the Hereafter. The fruits of righteousness will no longer be in the distance. They will be realised. They will seem themselves to approach the Righteous.


50:32
[ Original ]
هَٰذَا مَا تُوعَدُونَ لِكُلِّ أَوَّابٍ حَفِيظٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(A voice will say:) "This is what was promised for you,- for every one who turned (to Allah. in sincere repentance, who kept (His Law),
[ Saheeh International ]
[It will be said], "This is what you were promised - for every returner [to Allah] and keeper [of His covenant]
Tafseer Commentary

4969 The description of the Righteous is given in four masterly clauses: (1) those who turned away from Evil in sincere repentance; (2) those whose new life was good and righteous; (3) those who in their innermost hearts and in their most secret doings were actuated by God-fearing love, the fear that is akin to love in remembering Allah under His title of "Most Gracious"; and (4) who gave up their whole heart and being to Him.


50:33
[ Original ]
مَنْ خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَٰنَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَجَاءَ بِقَلْبٍ مُنِيبٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Who feared (Allah) Most Gracious unseen, and brought a heart turned in devotion (to Him):
[ Saheeh International ]
Who feared the Most Merciful unseen and came with a heart returning [in repentance].
Tafseer Commentary

4970 Cf. 36:11 and n. 3952; and 35:18, and n. 3902.


50:34
[ Original ]
ادْخُلُوهَا بِسَلَامٍ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْخُلُودِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Enter ye therein in Peace and Security; this is a Day of Eternal Life!"
[ Saheeh International ]
Enter it in peace. This is the Day of Eternity."
Tafseer Commentary

4971 The true meaning of Islam: peace, security, salutation, and accord with Allah's Plan in all Eternity.


50:35
[ Original ]
لَهُمْ مَا يَشَاءُونَ فِيهَا وَلَدَيْنَا مَزِيدٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
There will be for them therein all that they wish,- and more besides in Our Presence.
[ Saheeh International ]
They will have whatever they wish therein, and with Us is more.
Tafseer Commentary

4972 To get all that our purified wishes and desires comprehend may seem to sum up final Bliss; but there is something still wanting, which is supplied by the Presence of Allah, the Light of His Countenance.


50:36
[ Original ]
وَكَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُمْ مِنْ قَرْنٍ هُمْ أَشَدُّ مِنْهُمْ بَطْشًا فَنَقَّبُوا فِي الْبِلَادِ هَلْ مِنْ مَحِيصٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But how many generations before them did We destroy (for their sins),- stronger in power than they? Then did they wander through the land: was there any place of escape (for them)?
[ Saheeh International ]
And how many a generation before them did We destroy who were greater than them in [striking] power and had explored throughout the lands. Is there any place of escape?
Tafseer Commentary

4973 While virtue and righteousness will accomplish their final goal, what will be the End of Sin? Let the past tell its story. Many powerful and arrogant generations were swept away, to stray in the paths of misery, without any way of escape from the consequences of their sin. This was already seen in the life of this world. In the world to come, it will be worse, as already stated in verses 24-26 above.


50:37
[ Original ]
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَذِكْرَىٰ لِمَنْ كَانَ لَهُ قَلْبٌ أَوْ أَلْقَى السَّمْعَ وَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily in this is a Message for any that has a heart and understanding or who gives ear and earnestly witnesses (the truth).
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed in that is a reminder for whoever has a heart or who listens while he is present [in mind].
Tafseer Commentary

4974 As Christ said (Matt. 11:15 ), "he that hath ears to hear, let him hear". These are matters of high moment. Many spiritual lessons can be learnt from these things by anyone who has the heart and understanding to apply to Allah's teaching and can give genuine thought to what he sees, as a witness does who has to swear to the facts on his oath.


50:38
[ Original ]
وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ وَمَا مَسَّنَا مِنْ لُغُوبٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
We created the heavens and the earth and all between them in Six Days, nor did any sense of weariness touch Us.
[ Saheeh International ]
And We did certainly create the heavens and earth and what is between them in six days, and there touched Us no weariness.
Tafseer Commentary

4975 Allah's creation of the heavens and the earth in long stages or periods of time, as we count time, shows how things evolve in their own good time. We must therefore be patient if Good does not seem to come to its own according to our ideas. Our will should merge itself in Allah's Will, and we should praise Him, realising that He is All-Good and that all adjustments will be in the Hereafter.

4976 Cf. 7:54 , n. 1031; and 41:12. n. 4477.

4977 Cf. 35:35.


50:39
[ Original ]
فَاصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا يَقُولُونَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ الْغُرُوبِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Bear, then, with patience, all that they say, and celebrate the praises of thy Lord, before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting.
[ Saheeh International ]
So be patient, [O Muhammad], over what they say and exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord before the rising of the sun and before its setting,
Tafseer Commentary

4978 Allah should be remembered at all times. But the best time for individual adoration is early in the morning before sunrise, late in the day before sunset, and a portion of the night, when there is stillness in the air, and man's spirit loves to commune with things spiritual. Those who would connect this with the five canonical prayers, instituted at a later stage in MadTnah, would take the Fajr for the prayer before sunrise, the Zuhr and the 'Asr for the afternoon prayers before sunset and the Maghrib and the 'Isha' for the night prayers.


50:40
[ Original ]
وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَسَبِّحْهُ وَأَدْبَارَ السُّجُودِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And during part of the night, (also,) celebrate His praises, and (so likewise) after the postures of adoration.
[ Saheeh International ]
And [in part] of the night exalt Him and after prostration.
Tafseer Commentary

4979 The general meaning of after the postures of adoration would be the contemplation and remembrance of Allah after prayers. Those who would connect this passage with the five canonical prayers understand these further prayers "following the sujud or postures of adoration" to mean the extra or supernumerary prayers known as nafl, also the use of the Rosary or the fingers in remembering the Names of Allah.


50:41
[ Original ]
وَاسْتَمِعْ يَوْمَ يُنَادِ الْمُنَادِ مِنْ مَكَانٍ قَرِيبٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And listen for the Day when the Caller will call out from a place quiet near,-
[ Saheeh International ]
And listen on the Day when the Caller will call out from a place that is near -
Tafseer Commentary

4980 The Day of Resurrection, when the Call to the souls to arise and come to the Judgement Seat will be immediately answered, and they will arise and come forth. Cf. 36:49-53, and notes n. 3997 and n. 3999.

4981 In the life of this world it seemed all so remote. In the new life at the Resurrection it will all be so near; for there will be neither time nor space as we know them here.


50:42
[ Original ]
يَوْمَ يَسْمَعُونَ الصَّيْحَةَ بِالْحَقِّ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْخُرُوجِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The Day when they will hear a (mighty) Blast in (very) truth: that will be the Day of Resurrection.
[ Saheeh International ]
The Day they will hear the blast [of the Horn] in truth. That is the Day of Emergence [from the graves].
Tafseer Commentary

4982 The word al Say hah (mighty Blast) is used for the Resurrection (as here) or for the sudden punishment of the guilty on this earth, as in 11:67, where see further references.


50:43
[ Original ]
إِنَّا نَحْنُ نُحْيِي وَنُمِيتُ وَإِلَيْنَا الْمَصِيرُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily it is We Who give Life and Death; and to Us is the Final Goal-
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, it is We who give life and cause death, and to Us is the destination

50:44
[ Original ]
يَوْمَ تَشَقَّقُ الْأَرْضُ عَنْهُمْ سِرَاعًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ حَشْرٌ عَلَيْنَا يَسِيرٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The Day when the Earth will be rent asunder, from (men) hurrying out: that will be a gathering together,- quite easy for Us.
[ Saheeh International ]
On the Day the earth breaks away from them [and they emerge] rapidly; that is a gathering easy for Us.
Tafseer Commentary

4983 Men will hurry out from all corners of the earth to answer the call, and the earth itself will be rent asunder. In 25:25 the imagery used was the heaven being rent asunder, and angels coming out in ranks: see n. 3082 Cf. also 84:1-4.

4984 It may seem to our material imaginations a difficult task to collect together the souls of all sorts of men, who died in all sorts of conditions at different times, but it will be a different kind of world and creation altogether, and to Allah all things are not only possible but easy.


50:45
[ Original ]
نَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ ۖ وَمَا أَنْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِجَبَّارٍ ۖ فَذَكِّرْ بِالْقُرْآنِ مَنْ يَخَافُ وَعِيدِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
We know best what they say; and thou art not one to overawe them by force. So admonish with the Qur'an such as fear My Warning!
[ Saheeh International ]
We are most knowing of what they say, and you are not over them a tyrant. But remind by the Qur'an whoever fears My threat.
Tafseer Commentary

4985 People may throw all sorts of doubts about the Judgement and the Hereafter. The Prophet's task is not to force them to accept anything. His task is to deliver the Message of the Qur'an, and admonish those who are spiritually fit and ready to receive admonition and to prepare themselves for the new and higher life destined for man.


Quran Sura/Chapters: