Sura/Chapter:

Verse:    Count: 227
Tafseer/Commentary:
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Translations:
26: Al-Shuara - الشعراء

26:1
[ Original ]
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ طسم
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Ta. Sin. Mim.
[ Saheeh International ]
Ta, Seen, Meem.
Tafseer Commentary

3137 This is a combination of three Abbreviated Letters, as to which, generally, see Appendix I, printed at the end of S. 2- This particular combination occurs here and at the head of S. 28, while the intervening Surah 27 has it in the syncopated form Ta ' Sin. None of the explanatory conjectures which 1 have seen carries conviction for me. If the letters stand for Tur Sinin ( Mount Sinai ) and Musa (Moses), whose story fills a large part of this Surah, why is the letter Mi m omitted in S. 27. where the same meaning would apply? There is, however, one fact to which I should like to draw attention. There are eleven sections in this Surah, and eight of them end with the word Rahim (with the final Mim). The three exceptions are sections 2 and 3, and section 11. But sections 2 and 3 are part of the story of Moses, which is completed in section 4, and that ends with "Rahim", The main argument in section 11 ends at verse 217, which ends with Rahim. We can say that the whole Surah is based on a refrain in the word "Rahim". Whether this has any bearing on our present enquiry I cannot say. My own position is that where we have material, we should pursue our researches, but we should never be dogmatic in such matters, as some Mysteries can never be solved by mere research.


26:2
[ Original ]
تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
These are verses of the Book that makes (things) clear.
[ Saheeh International ]
These are the verses of the clear Book.
Tafseer Commentary

3138 Cf. 5:15 , and n. 716. The comparison of Allah's revelations with Light is continued.


26:3
[ Original ]
لَعَلَّكَ بَاخِعٌ نَفْسَكَ أَلَّا يَكُونُوا مُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
It may be thou frettest thy soul with grief, that they do not become Believers.
[ Saheeh International ]
Perhaps, [O Muhammad], you would kill yourself with grief that they will not be believers.
Tafseer Commentary

3139 "They" are the Pagans of Makkah. From a human point of view it was a great disappointment to Allah's Messenger in the middle period of his Makkan ministry that the Makkans could not be brought to believe in the Truth.


26:4
[ Original ]
إِنْ نَشَأْ نُنَزِّلْ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ آيَةً فَظَلَّتْ أَعْنَاقُهُمْ لَهَا خَاضِعِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
If (such) were Our Will, We could send down to them from the sky a Sign, to which they would bend their necks in humility.
[ Saheeh International ]
If We willed, We could send down to them from the sky a sign for which their necks would remain humbled.
Tafseer Commentary

3140 If it had been Allah's Will and Plan to force people's will, He could quite easily have forced the Makkans. But His Will and Plan work differently. His revelation is meant to train man's own will so that it conforms to Allah's beneficent purpose.


26:5
[ Original ]
وَمَا يَأْتِيهِمْ مِنْ ذِكْرٍ مِنَ الرَّحْمَٰنِ مُحْدَثٍ إِلَّا كَانُوا عَنْهُ مُعْرِضِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But there comes not to them a newly-revealed Message from ((Allah)) Most Gracious, but they turn away therefrom.
[ Saheeh International ]
And no revelation comes to them anew from the Most Merciful except that they turn away from it.

26:6
[ Original ]
فَقَدْ كَذَّبُوا فَسَيَأْتِيهِمْ أَنْبَاءُ مَا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They have indeed rejected (the Message): so they will know soon (enough) the truth of what they mocked at!
[ Saheeh International ]
For they have already denied, but there will come to them the news of that which they used to ridicule.
Tafseer Commentary

3141 They may laugh at Allah's Message of righteousness, but they will soon see the power of Truth and realise the real significance of the movement which they opposed. Where were the Pagans of Makkah after Badr, and still more, after the bloodless surrender of Makkah? The meaning may be applied universally throughout history.


26:7
[ Original ]
أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا إِلَى الْأَرْضِ كَمْ أَنْبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِنْ كُلِّ زَوْجٍ كَرِيمٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Do they not look at the earth,- how many noble things of all kinds We have produced therein?
[ Saheeh International ]
Did they not look at the earth - how much We have produced therein from every noble kind?
Tafseer Commentary

3142 If evil has a little run in this life, let them not run away with the notion that the world is for evil. They have only to look around at the physical and moral world around them, and they would be undeceived. But they are blind and without the Faith (the Light) which would open their eyes.


26:8
[ Original ]
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً ۖ وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily, in this is a Sign: but most of them do not believe.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers.

26:9
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And verily, thy Lord is He, the Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, your Lord - He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.
Tafseer Commentary

3143 One Who is able to carry out all His Will and Plans. See n. 2818 to 22:40.


26:10
[ Original ]
وَإِذْ نَادَىٰ رَبُّكَ مُوسَىٰ أَنِ ائْتِ الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Behold, thy Lord called Moses: "Go to the people of iniquity,-
[ Saheeh International ]
And [mention] when your Lord called Moses, [saying], "Go to the wrongdoing people -
Tafseer Commentary

3144 The part of the story of Moses told here is how Moses felt diffident about undertaking his commission; how Allah reassured him; how he went to Pharaoh with "the Signs"; how Pharaoh and his people rejected him; how their blasphemy recoiled on themselves, but the cause of Allah triumphed; in other words, the point here is the reaction of a wicked people to the Light that was held up to them, considered in its relation to the mind of Allah's Messenger.


26:11
[ Original ]
قَوْمَ فِرْعَوْنَ ۚ أَلَا يَتَّقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"The people of the Pharaoh: will they not fear Allah."
[ Saheeh International ]
The people of Pharaoh. Will they not fear Allah?"

26:12
[ Original ]
قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّي أَخَافُ أَنْ يُكَذِّبُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He said: "O my Lord! I do fear that they will charge me with falsehood:
[ Saheeh International ]
He said, "My Lord, indeed I fear that they will deny me

26:13
[ Original ]
وَيَضِيقُ صَدْرِي وَلَا يَنْطَلِقُ لِسَانِي فَأَرْسِلْ إِلَىٰ هَارُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"My breast will be straitened. And my speech may not go (smoothly): so send unto Aaron.
[ Saheeh International ]
And that my breast will tighten and my tongue will not be fluent, so send for Aaron.
Tafseer Commentary

3145 As we should say in English, "My heart would fail me, and my tongue cleave to my mouth." Moses had an impediment of speech, and his mission was risky: see next note. But Allah's Plan works in wondrous ways. Aaron was given to assist him in his mission, and Moses's shortcomings were transformed by Allah's grace into power, so that he became the most powerful leader of Israel .


26:14
[ Original ]
وَلَهُمْ عَلَيَّ ذَنْبٌ فَأَخَافُ أَنْ يَقْتُلُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And (further), they have a charge of crime against me; and I fear they may slay me."
[ Saheeh International ]
And they have upon me a [claim due to] sin, so I fear that they will kill me."
Tafseer Commentary

3146 Moses was brought up in the palace of Pharaoh , as narrated in his personal story in 20:39-40 and n. 2563. When he was grown-up he saw an Egyptian smiting an Israelite, and as the Israelites were being generally oppressed by the Egyptians, Moses's anger was roused, and he slew the Egyptian. He then fled to the Midianite country in the Sinai peninsula , where he received the divine commission. But the charge of slaying the Egyptian was hanging against him. He was also apparently irascible. But Allah's grace cured his temper and he became wise; his impediment in speech, for he stood up boldly to speak to Pharaoh; and his fear, for he dared the Egyptians with Allah's Signs, and they were afraid of him.


26:15
[ Original ]
قَالَ كَلَّا ۖ فَاذْهَبَا بِآيَاتِنَا ۖ إِنَّا مَعَكُمْ مُسْتَمِعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Allah said: "By no means! proceed then, both of you, with Our Signs; We are with you, and will listen (to your call).
[ Saheeh International ]
[Allah] said, "No. Go both of you with Our signs; indeed, We are with you, listening.

26:16
[ Original ]
فَأْتِيَا فِرْعَوْنَ فَقُولَا إِنَّا رَسُولُ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"So go forth, both of you, to Pharaoh, and say: 'We have been sent by the Lord and Cherisher of the worlds;
[ Saheeh International ]
Go to Pharaoh and say, 'We are the messengers of the Lord of the worlds,

26:17
[ Original ]
أَنْ أَرْسِلْ مَعَنَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
" 'Send thou with us the Children of Israel.' "
[ Saheeh International ]
[Commanded to say], "Send with us the Children of Israel."'"

26:18
[ Original ]
قَالَ أَلَمْ نُرَبِّكَ فِينَا وَلِيدًا وَلَبِثْتَ فِينَا مِنْ عُمُرِكَ سِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Pharaoh) said: "Did we not cherish thee as a child among us, and didst thou not stay in our midst many years of thy life?
[ Saheeh International ]
[Pharaoh] said, "Did we not raise you among us as a child, and you remained among us for years of your life?
Tafseer Commentary

3147 There is a little play of wit here on the part of Pharaoh. When Moses speaks of the "Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds", Pharaoh says: "Who cherished you? Did we not bring you up as a child? Did you not grow up among us?" By implication Pharaoh suggests that he is the cherisher of Moses, and in any case Pharaoh laid claim to godhead himself.


26:19
[ Original ]
وَفَعَلْتَ فَعْلَتَكَ الَّتِي فَعَلْتَ وَأَنْتَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And thou didst a deed of thine which (thou knowest) thou didst, and thou art an ungrateful (wretch)!"
[ Saheeh International ]
And [then] you did your deed which you did, and you were of the ungrateful."
Tafseer Commentary

3148 Further, Pharaoh reminds Moses of his having slain the Egyptian, and taunts him: "You are not only a murderer: you are an ungrateful wretch" (using kafir again in a double sense) "to have killed one of the race that brought you up!"


26:20
[ Original ]
قَالَ فَعَلْتُهَا إِذًا وَأَنَا مِنَ الضَّالِّينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Moses said: "I did it then, when I was in error.
[ Saheeh International ]
[Moses] said, "I did it, then, while I was of those astray.
Tafseer Commentary

3149 What is Moses's reply? He is no longer afraid. He tells the whole truth, extenuating nothing in his own favour. "Yes I did it: but I did it under an error." There are three implications in this: "(1) 1 was wrong in doing it in a temper and in being hasty: (2) I was wrong in taking the law into my own hands, but I repented and asked for Allah's pardon (28:15-16): (3) that was a time when I was under your influence, but since then I am a changed man, as Allah has called me."


26:21
[ Original ]
فَفَرَرْتُ مِنْكُمْ لَمَّا خِفْتُكُمْ فَوَهَبَ لِي رَبِّي حُكْمًا وَجَعَلَنِي مِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"So I fled from you (all) when I feared you; but my Lord has (since) invested me with judgment (and wisdom) and appointed me as one of the messengers.
[ Saheeh International ]
So I fled from you when I feared you. Then my Lord granted me wisdom and prophethood and appointed me [as one] of the messengers.
Tafseer Commentary

3150 He accounts for all his movements, much more than Pharaoh had asked for. He has nothing to hide. At that time, he was under the influence of fear, and he had fled from him. Now he is serving Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. He has no fear: he is a messenger.


26:22
[ Original ]
وَتِلْكَ نِعْمَةٌ تَمُنُّهَا عَلَيَّ أَنْ عَبَّدْتَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And this is the favour with which thou dost reproach me,- that thou hast enslaved the Children of Israel!"
[ Saheeh International ]
And is this a favor of which you remind me - that you have enslaved the Children of Israel?"
Tafseer Commentary

3151 Pharaoh had called Moses ungrateful and reproached him with all the favours which Moses had received from the Egyptians. "What favours?" he says: "Do you count it also as a favour to me that you have enslaved my brethren the Children of Israel?" Moses was now speaking as a Prophet of Allah, not as an individual. Any individual favours he may have received were blotted out by the oppression of his people. (R).


26:23
[ Original ]
قَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ وَمَا رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Pharaoh said: "And what is the 'Lord and Cherisher of the worlds'?"
[ Saheeh International ]
Said Pharaoh, "And what is the Lord of the worlds?"
Tafseer Commentary

3152 Moses having eliminated all personalities, the argument now comes up to the highest plane of all-the attributes of Allah and His mercies. Moses had put forward this before, as implied in verse 16 above, but Pharaoh had twisted it into personalities. Now we come back to the real issue. It may have been in the same sitting, or it may have been in a later sitting. (R).


26:24
[ Original ]
قَالَ رَبُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا ۖ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُوقِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Moses) said: "The Lord and Cherisher of the heavens and the earth, and all between,- if ye want to be quite sure."
[ Saheeh International ]
[Moses] said, "The Lord of the heavens and earth and that between them, if you should be convinced."

26:25
[ Original ]
قَالَ لِمَنْ حَوْلَهُ أَلَا تَسْتَمِعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Pharaoh) said to those around: "Did ye not listen (to what he says)?"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Pharaoh] said to those around him, "Do you not hear?"
Tafseer Commentary

3153 Moses had stirred up the wrath of Pharaoh, both by putting forward the name of the One True God as against Pharaoh's pretended godhead, and by suggesting that any man of judgement would understand Allah's majesty. While Pharaoh turns to his people in indignation, Moses drives the nail in further: "He is the God of the heavens and the earth and all between: therefore He is also your God, and the God of your fathers from the beginning. Any other pretensions are false!"


26:26
[ Original ]
قَالَ رَبُّكُمْ وَرَبُّ آبَائِكُمُ الْأَوَّلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Moses) said: "Your Lord and the Lord of your fathers from the beginning!"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Moses] said, "Your Lord and the Lord of your first forefathers."

26:27
[ Original ]
قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَكُمُ الَّذِي أُرْسِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ لَمَجْنُونٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Pharaoh) said: "Truly your messenger who has been sent to you is a veritable madman!"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Pharaoh] said, "Indeed, your 'messenger' who has been sent to you is mad."
Tafseer Commentary

3154 Pharaoh is further perturbed. In reply to Moses's statement that Allah, the One True God is also the God of the Egyptians and Pharaoh also, Pharaoh says sarcastically to his Court: "Look at this 'Messenger' of yours; he seems to be mad!" But Moses is not abashed. He boldly says what is the truth: "It is you who are mad! The God of Whom I preach is the Universal Lord-of the East and of the West. He reigns wherever you go!" (R).


26:28
[ Original ]
قَالَ رَبُّ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا ۖ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Moses) said: "Lord of the East and the West, and all between! if ye only had sense!"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Moses] said, "Lord of the east and the west and that between them, if you were to reason."

26:29
[ Original ]
قَالَ لَئِنِ اتَّخَذْتَ إِلَٰهًا غَيْرِي لَأَجْعَلَنَّكَ مِنَ الْمَسْجُونِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Pharaoh) said: "If thou dost put forward any god other than me, I will certainly put thee in prison!"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Pharaoh] said, "If you take a god other than me, I will surely place you among those imprisoned."
Tafseer Commentary

3155 Now we come to the crisis. Pharaoh threatens Moses with prison for treason. Moses remains calm and still argues: "What if I show you a miracle? Will it convince you that I am not mad, and that I have behind me the Lord of all the Worlds?"


26:30
[ Original ]
قَالَ أَوَلَوْ جِئْتُكَ بِشَيْءٍ مُبِينٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Moses) said: "Even if I showed you something clear (and) convincing?"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Moses] said, "Even if I brought you proof manifest?"
Tafseer Commentary

3156 The Egyptians were addicted to magic and sorcery, which was mostly false. It a true miracle were shown to them, would they believe? Perhaps they would see the hollowness of their own magic. In fact this actually happened with the Egyptian sorcerers themselves and perhaps with the commonalty. But Pharaoh and his Court were too arrogant, and battened too much on frauds to yield to Truth.


26:31
[ Original ]
قَالَ فَأْتِ بِهِ إِنْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Pharaoh) said: "Show it then, if thou tellest the truth!"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Pharaoh] said, "Then bring it, if you should be of the truthful."

26:32
[ Original ]
فَأَلْقَىٰ عَصَاهُ فَإِذَا هِيَ ثُعْبَانٌ مُبِينٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So (Moses) threw his rod, and behold, it was a serpent, plain (for all to see)!
[ Saheeh International ]
So [Moses] threw his staff, and suddenly it was a serpent manifest.

26:33
[ Original ]
وَنَزَعَ يَدَهُ فَإِذَا هِيَ بَيْضَاءُ لِلنَّاظِرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And he drew out his hand, and behold, it was white to all beholders!
[ Saheeh International ]
And he drew out his hand; thereupon it was white for the observers.
Tafseer Commentary

3157 Cf. 7:107-8. See the whole passage there, and the notes thereon.


26:34
[ Original ]
قَالَ لِلْمَلَإِ حَوْلَهُ إِنَّ هَٰذَا لَسَاحِرٌ عَلِيمٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Pharaoh) said to the Chiefs around him: "This is indeed a sorcerer well- versed:
[ Saheeh International ]
[Pharaoh] said to the eminent ones around him, "Indeed, this is a learned magician.
Tafseer Commentary

3158 In 7:109 it is the Chiefs who say this. The fact is that it was a general consultation, and this was the general feeling, expressed in words by each to the others.


26:35
[ Original ]
يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُخْرِجَكُمْ مِنْ أَرْضِكُمْ بِسِحْرِهِ فَمَاذَا تَأْمُرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"His plan is to get you out of your land by his sorcery; then what is it ye counsel?"
[ Saheeh International ]
He wants to drive you out of your land by his magic, so what do you advise?"

26:36
[ Original ]
قَالُوا أَرْجِهْ وَأَخَاهُ وَابْعَثْ فِي الْمَدَائِنِ حَاشِرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They said: "Keep him and his brother in suspense (for a while), and dispatch to the Cities heralds to collect-
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "Postpone [the matter of] him and his brother and send among the cities gatherers

26:37
[ Original ]
يَأْتُوكَ بِكُلِّ سَحَّارٍ عَلِيمٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And bring up to thee all (our) sorcerers wellversed."
[ Saheeh International ]
Who will bring you every learned, skilled magician."

26:38
[ Original ]
فَجُمِعَ السَّحَرَةُ لِمِيقَاتِ يَوْمٍ مَعْلُومٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So the sorcerers were got together for the appointment of a day well-known,
[ Saheeh International ]
So the magicians were assembled for the appointment of a well-known day.
Tafseer Commentary

3159 A day well-known: a solemn day of festival: see 20:59 . The object was to get together as large a concourse of people as possible. It was confidently expected that the Egyptian sorcerers with all their organisation would win with their tricks against these amateur Israelites, and so the State cult of the worship of Pharaoh would be fastened on the necks of the people more firmly than ever.


26:39
[ Original ]
وَقِيلَ لِلنَّاسِ هَلْ أَنْتُمْ مُجْتَمِعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And the people were told: "Are ye (now) assembled?-
[ Saheeh International ]
And it was said to the people, "Will you congregate

26:40
[ Original ]
لَعَلَّنَا نَتَّبِعُ السَّحَرَةَ إِنْ كَانُوا هُمُ الْغَالِبِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"That we may follow the sorcerers (in religion) if they win?"
[ Saheeh International ]
That we might follow the magicians if they are the predominant?"
Tafseer Commentary

3160 See the last note. The people are to come and witness the triumph of the State religion, so that they may become the more obedient to Pharaoh and more compliant with the demands of the priests. The State religion induded magic and the worship of Pharaoh.


26:41
[ Original ]
فَلَمَّا جَاءَ السَّحَرَةُ قَالُوا لِفِرْعَوْنَ أَئِنَّ لَنَا لَأَجْرًا إِنْ كُنَّا نَحْنُ الْغَالِبِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So when the sorcerers arrived, they said to Pharaoh: "Of course - shall we have a (suitable) reward if we win?
[ Saheeh International ]
And when the magicians arrived, they said to Pharaoh, "Is there indeed for us a reward if we are the predominant?"
Tafseer Commentary

3161 There was no such thing as pure loyalty to an exploiting ruler like this Pharaoh. The sorcerers, who were probably also priests, were venal, and they hoped to establish their own hold on both king and people by further enrichment of themselves and their order.


26:42
[ Original ]
قَالَ نَعَمْ وَإِنَّكُمْ إِذًا لَمِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He said: "Yea, (and more),- for ye shall in that case be (raised to posts) nearest (to my person)."
[ Saheeh International ]
He said, "Yes, and indeed, you will then be of those near [to me]."

26:43
[ Original ]
قَالَ لَهُمْ مُوسَىٰ أَلْقُوا مَا أَنْتُمْ مُلْقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Moses said to them: "Throw ye - that which ye are about to throw!"
[ Saheeh International ]
Moses said to them, "Throw whatever you will throw."
Tafseer Commentary

3162 The euphemism implies a taunt, as if Moses had said: "I know about your tricks! You pretend to throw ropes and rods, and make people believe they are snakes. But now come on!"


26:44
[ Original ]
فَأَلْقَوْا حِبَالَهُمْ وَعِصِيَّهُمْ وَقَالُوا بِعِزَّةِ فِرْعَوْنَ إِنَّا لَنَحْنُ الْغَالِبُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So they threw their ropes and their rods, and said: "By the might of Pharaoh, it is we who will certainly win!"
[ Saheeh International ]
So they threw their ropes and their staffs and said, "By the might of Pharaoh, indeed it is we who are predominant."
Tafseer Commentary

3163 Though Pharaoh claimed to be a god, it is not likely that those nearest to him-his priests and sorcerers-believed such a thing! But it was a game of mutual pretence before the world. And so they appeal to his "divine" power.


26:45
[ Original ]
فَأَلْقَىٰ مُوسَىٰ عَصَاهُ فَإِذَا هِيَ تَلْقَفُ مَا يَأْفِكُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then Moses threw his rod, when, behold, it straightway swallows up all the falsehoods which they fake!
[ Saheeh International ]
Then Moses threw his staff, and at once it devoured what they falsified.
Tafseer Commentary

3164 The sorceres' ropes and rods seemed to have become serpents, but the rod of Moses was mightier than all of them and quickly swallowed them up. So truth is more powerful than tricks and will expose and destroy them.


26:46
[ Original ]
فَأُلْقِيَ السَّحَرَةُ سَاجِدِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then did the sorcerers fall down, prostrate in adoration,
[ Saheeh International ]
So the magicians fell down in prostration [to Allah].

26:47
[ Original ]
قَالُوا آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Saying: "We believe in the Lord of the Worlds,
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "We have believed in the Lord of the worlds,

26:48
[ Original ]
رَبِّ مُوسَىٰ وَهَارُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"The Lord of Moses and Aaron."
[ Saheeh International ]
The Lord of Moses and Aaron."

26:49
[ Original ]
قَالَ آمَنْتُمْ لَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ آذَنَ لَكُمْ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَكَبِيرُكُمُ الَّذِي عَلَّمَكُمُ السِّحْرَ فَلَسَوْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ ۚ لَأُقَطِّعَنَّ أَيْدِيَكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ مِنْ خِلَافٍ وَلَأُصَلِّبَنَّكُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Said (Pharaoh): "Believe ye in Him before I give you permission? surely he is your leader, who has taught you sorcery! but soon shall ye know! "Be sure I will cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, and I will cause you all to die on the cross!"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Pharaoh] said, "You believed Moses before I gave you permission. Indeed, he is your leader who has taught you magic, but you are going to know. I will surely cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, and I will surely crucify you all."
Tafseer Commentary

3165 The sorcerers knew that they had met something very different from their tricks. Allah's spirit worked on them and they professed the True God. As they represented the intelligence of the community, it may be presumed that they carried the intelligence of Eygpt with them and perhaps some of the commonalty, who were impressed by the dramatic scene! Hence Pharaoh's anger, but it is the beginning of his decline!


26:50
[ Original ]
قَالُوا لَا ضَيْرَ ۖ إِنَّا إِلَىٰ رَبِّنَا مُنْقَلِبُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They said: "No matter! for us, we shall but return to our Lord!
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "No harm. Indeed, to our Lord we will return.

26:51
[ Original ]
إِنَّا نَطْمَعُ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ لَنَا رَبُّنَا خَطَايَانَا أَنْ كُنَّا أَوَّلَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Only, our desire is that our Lord will forgive us our faults, that we may become foremost among the believers!"
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, we aspire that our Lord will forgive us our sins because we were the first of the believers."
Tafseer Commentary

3166 This is the core of the lesson enforced on this passage. What was the reaction of the environment to the Light or Message of Allah? (1) It transformed Moses so that he became a fearless leader, one of the foremost in faith. (2) From men like Pharaoh and his corrupt court, it called forth obstinacy, spite, and all the tricks and snares of evil, but Evil was defeated on its own ground. (3) The very dupes of Evil were touched by the glorious Light of Allah, and they were ready to suffer tortures and death, their sole ambition (in their transformed state) being to be foremost in Faith!


26:52
[ Original ]
وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ أَنْ أَسْرِ بِعِبَادِي إِنَّكُمْ مُتَّبَعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
By inspiration we told Moses: "Travel by night with my servants; for surely ye shall be pursued."
[ Saheeh International ]
And We inspired to Moses, "Travel by night with My servants; indeed, you will be pursued."
Tafseer Commentary

3167 The rest of the story-of the plagues of Egypt -is passed over as not germane to the present argument. We come now to the story of the Israelites leaving Egypt , pursued by Pharaoh. Here again there are three contrasts; (1) the blind arrogance of the Egyptians, against the development of Allah's Plan; (2) the Faith of Moses, against the fears of his people: and (3) the final deliverance of the seed of righteousness, against the destruction of the host of brute force (Cf. 2:38 ).


26:53
[ Original ]
فَأَرْسَلَ فِرْعَوْنُ فِي الْمَدَائِنِ حَاشِرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then Pharaoh sent heralds to (all) the Cities,
[ Saheeh International ]
Then Pharaoh sent among the cities gatherers

26:54
[ Original ]
إِنَّ هَٰؤُلَاءِ لَشِرْذِمَةٌ قَلِيلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Saying): "These (Israelites) are but a small band,
[ Saheeh International ]
[And said], "Indeed, those are but a small band,

26:55
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّهُمْ لَنَا لَغَائِظُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And they are raging furiously against us;
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, they are enraging us,

26:56
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّا لَجَمِيعٌ حَاذِرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"But we are a multitude amply fore-warned."
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, we are a cautious society... "

26:57
[ Original ]
فَأَخْرَجْنَاهُمْ مِنْ جَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So We expelled them from gardens, springs,
[ Saheeh International ]
So We removed them from gardens and springs
Tafseer Commentary

3168 The Children of Israel certainly inherited the gardens, springs, treasures, and honourable positions in Palestine after many years' wanderings in the wilderness. But when they were false to Allah, they lost them again, and another people (the Muslims) inherited them when they were true in Faith. These latter not only inherited Palestine but also Egypt , and the old Pharaonic power and institutions were lost forever, Of such things: literally, "of them". (R).


26:58
[ Original ]
وَكُنُوزٍ وَمَقَامٍ كَرِيمٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Treasures, and every kind of honourable position;
[ Saheeh International ]
And treasures and honorable station -

26:59
[ Original ]
كَذَٰلِكَ وَأَوْرَثْنَاهَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Thus it was, but We made the Children of Israel inheritors of such things.
[ Saheeh International ]
Thus. And We caused to inherit it the Children of Israel.
Tafseer Commentary

3169 In deference to almost unanimous authority I have translated this passage {verses 58-60) as if it were a parenthetical statement of Allah's purpose. Personally I prefer another construction. According to that, verses 58-59 will be part of Pharaoh's proclamation: "We have dispossessed the Israelites from everything good in the land, and made them our slaves"; and verse 59 only will be parenthetical: "Poor ignorant men! You may oppress those who are helpless, but We (i.e. Allah) have declared that they shall inherit all these things", as they certainly did (for a time) in the Land of Promise , Palestine .


26:60
[ Original ]
فَأَتْبَعُوهُمْ مُشْرِقِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So they pursued them at sunrise.
[ Saheeh International ]
So they pursued them at sunrise.
Tafseer Commentary

3170 The story is here resumed after the parenthesis of verses 57-59.


26:61
[ Original ]
فَلَمَّا تَرَاءَى الْجَمْعَانِ قَالَ أَصْحَابُ مُوسَىٰ إِنَّا لَمُدْرَكُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And when the two bodies saw each other, the people of Moses said: "We are sure to be overtaken."
[ Saheeh International ]
And when the two companies saw one another, the companions of Moses said, "Indeed, we are to be overtaken!"

26:62
[ Original ]
قَالَ كَلَّا ۖ إِنَّ مَعِيَ رَبِّي سَيَهْدِينِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Moses) said: "By no means! my Lord is with me! Soon will He guide me!"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Moses] said, "No! Indeed, with me is my Lord; He will guide me."
Tafseer Commentary

3171 Guide me: i.e., show me some way of escape from danger. This actually happened, for Pharaoh's host was drowned. The faith of Moses stands in strong contrast to the fears of his people.


26:63
[ Original ]
فَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ أَنِ اضْرِبْ بِعَصَاكَ الْبَحْرَ ۖ فَانْفَلَقَ فَكَانَ كُلُّ فِرْقٍ كَالطَّوْدِ الْعَظِيمِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then We told Moses by inspiration: "Strike the sea with thy rod." So it divided, and each separate part became like the huge, firm mass of a mountain.
[ Saheeh International ]
Then We inspired to Moses, "Strike with your staff the sea," and it parted, and each portion was like a great towering mountain.

26:64
[ Original ]
وَأَزْلَفْنَا ثَمَّ الْآخَرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And We made the other party approach thither.
[ Saheeh International ]
And We advanced thereto the pursuers.
Tafseer Commentary

3172 The miracle was twofold: (1) Moses with his people passed safely through the sea; and (2) Pharaoh and his great host were drowned in the sea.


26:65
[ Original ]
وَأَنْجَيْنَا مُوسَىٰ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ أَجْمَعِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
We delivered Moses and all who were with him;
[ Saheeh International ]
And We saved Moses and those with him, all together.

26:66
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ أَغْرَقْنَا الْآخَرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But We drowned the others.
[ Saheeh International ]
Then We drowned the others.

26:67
[ Original ]
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً ۖ وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily in this is a Sign: but most of them do not believe.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers.
Tafseer Commentary

3173 As it was then, so it is now. In spite of the obvious Signs of Allah, people who are blind in their obstinate resistance to Truth accomplish their own destruction, while humble, persecuted men of Faith are transformed by the Light of Allah, and obtain salvation.


26:68
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And verily thy Lord is He, the Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, your Lord - He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.
Tafseer Commentary

3174 Nothing that the powers of Evil can do, will ever defeat the merciful Purpose of Allah. Evil, in resisting good, will effect its own destruction.


26:69
[ Original ]
وَاتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَأَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And rehearse to them (something of) Abraham's story.
[ Saheeh International ]
And recite to them the news of Abraham,
Tafseer Commentary

3175 For the argument of this Surah the incidents in Abraham's life are not relevant and are not mentioned. What is mentioned is: (1) the steps by which he taught about the sin of false worship, in the form of a Dialogue; (2) the aims of a righteous man not only for his individual life, but for his ancestors and posterity, in the form of a Prayer; and (3) a picture of the Future Judgement, in the form of a vision. (1) is covered by verses 70-82; (2) by 83-86; and (3) by 88-102.


26:70
[ Original ]
إِذْ قَالَ لِأَبِيهِ وَقَوْمِهِ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Behold, he said to his father and his people: "What worship ye?"
[ Saheeh International ]
When he said to his father and his people, "What do you worship?"

26:71
[ Original ]
قَالُوا نَعْبُدُ أَصْنَامًا فَنَظَلُّ لَهَا عَاكِفِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They said: "We worship idols, and we remain constantly in attendance on them."
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "We worship idols and remain to them devoted."
Tafseer Commentary

3176 They want to show their true and assiduous devotion. But Abraham goes at once to the heart of the matter by asking: "To whom is your devotion paid? Is the object worthy of it?"


26:72
[ Original ]
قَالَ هَلْ يَسْمَعُونَكُمْ إِذْ تَدْعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He said: "Do they listen to you when ye call (on them), or do you good or harm?"
[ Saheeh International ]
He said, "Do they hear you when you supplicate?

26:73
[ Original ]
أَوْ يَنْفَعُونَكُمْ أَوْ يَضُرُّونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Or do you good or harm?"
[ Saheeh International ]
Or do they benefit you, or do they harm?"

26:74
[ Original ]
قَالُوا بَلْ وَجَدْنَا آبَاءَنَا كَذَٰلِكَ يَفْعَلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They said: "Nay, but we found our fathers doing thus (what we do)."
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "But we found our fathers doing thus."

26:75
[ Original ]
قَالَ أَفَرَأَيْتُمْ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْبُدُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He said: "Do ye then see whom ye have been worshipping,-
[ Saheeh International ]
He said, "Then do you see what you have been worshipping,

26:76
[ Original ]
أَنْتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُمُ الْأَقْدَمُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Ye and your fathers before you?-
[ Saheeh International ]
You and your ancient forefathers?

26:77
[ Original ]
فَإِنَّهُمْ عَدُوٌّ لِي إِلَّا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"For they are enemies to me; not so the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds;
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, they are enemies to me, except the Lord of the worlds,
Tafseer Commentary

3177 The things that you worship are enemies to mankind: let me testify from my own personal experience: they are enemies to me: they can do me no good, but would lead me astray. Contrast with their importance or their power of mischief the One True God Whom I worship: He created me and all the Worlds; He cherishes me and guides me; He takes care of me; and when I die, He will give me new life; He will forgive me and grant me final Salvation. Will you then come to this true worship? How can you doubt, after seeing the contrast of the one with the other? Is it not as the contrast between Light and Darkness?'


26:78
[ Original ]
الَّذِي خَلَقَنِي فَهُوَ يَهْدِينِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Who created me, and it is He Who guides me;
[ Saheeh International ]
Who created me, and He [it is who] guides me.

26:79
[ Original ]
وَالَّذِي هُوَ يُطْعِمُنِي وَيَسْقِينِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Who gives me food and drink,
[ Saheeh International ]
And it is He who feeds me and gives me drink.

26:80
[ Original ]
وَإِذَا مَرِضْتُ فَهُوَ يَشْفِينِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And when I am ill, it is He Who cures me;
[ Saheeh International ]
And when I am ill, it is He who cures me

26:81
[ Original ]
وَالَّذِي يُمِيتُنِي ثُمَّ يُحْيِينِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Who will cause me to die, and then to life (again);
[ Saheeh International ]
And who will cause me to die and then bring me to life

26:82
[ Original ]
وَالَّذِي أَطْمَعُ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ لِي خَطِيئَتِي يَوْمَ الدِّينِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And who, I hope, will forgive me my faults on the day of Judgment.
[ Saheeh International ]
And who I aspire that He will forgive me my sin on the Day of Recompense."

26:83
[ Original ]
رَبِّ هَبْ لِي حُكْمًا وَأَلْحِقْنِي بِالصَّالِحِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"O my Lord! bestow wisdom on me, and join me with the righteous;
[ Saheeh International ]
[And he said], "My Lord, grant me authority and join me with the righteous.
Tafseer Commentary

3178 Having shown clearly the distinction between the False and the True, Abraham now shows in the form of a Prayer what his inmost wishes are. (1) He wants his soul enlightened with divine wisdom, and (2) his heart and life filled with righteousness; (3) he will not be content with working for himself or his own generation; his view extends to all future generations; (4) and of course he wishes to attain the goal of the righteous, the Garden of the Bliss of the Divine Countenance; but he is not content with this; for (5) he wants his father and relatives to share in his spiritual joy, so that he can proudly see all whom he can reach, in an honourable station (contrasted with disgrace) on the Day of Judgement.


26:84
[ Original ]
وَاجْعَلْ لِي لِسَانَ صِدْقٍ فِي الْآخِرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Grant me honourable mention on the tongue of truth among the latest (generations);
[ Saheeh International ]
And grant me a reputation of honor among later generations.
Tafseer Commentary

3179 Cf. 19:50 . The whole of the passage about Abraham there may be compared with this passage.


26:85
[ Original ]
وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنْ وَرَثَةِ جَنَّةِ النَّعِيمِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Make me one of the inheritors of the Garden of Bliss;
[ Saheeh International ]
And place me among the inheritors of the Garden of Pleasure.

26:86
[ Original ]
وَاغْفِرْ لِأَبِي إِنَّهُ كَانَ مِنَ الضَّالِّينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Forgive my father, for that he is among those astray;
[ Saheeh International ]
And forgive my father. Indeed, he has been of those astray.

26:87
[ Original ]
وَلَا تُخْزِنِي يَوْمَ يُبْعَثُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And let me not be in disgrace on the Day when (men) will be raised up;-
[ Saheeh International ]
And do not disgrace me on the Day they are [all] resurrected -

26:88
[ Original ]
يَوْمَ لَا يَنْفَعُ مَالٌ وَلَا بَنُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail,
[ Saheeh International ]
The Day when there will not benefit [anyone] wealth or children
Tafseer Commentary

3180 Now we have a vision of the Day of Judgement. Nothing will then avail except a pure heart; all sorts of the so-called "good deeds" of this world, without the motive of purity, will be useless. The contrast of the Garden of Bliss with the Fire of Misery will be plainly visible. Evil will be shown in its true colours -isolated, helpless, cursing and despairing, and all chances will then have been lost.


26:89
[ Original ]
إِلَّا مَنْ أَتَى اللَّهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"But only he (will prosper) that brings to Allah a sound heart;
[ Saheeh International ]
But only one who comes to Allah with a sound heart."

26:90
[ Original ]
وَأُزْلِفَتِ الْجَنَّةُ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"To the righteous, the Garden will be brought near,
[ Saheeh International ]
And Paradise will be brought near [that Day] to the righteous.
Tafseer Commentary

3181 The Good will only see good (the Garden of Bliss ), and the Evil will only see evil (the Fire of Hell). This type of contrast is shown to us in the world of our spiritual sense even in this life.


26:91
[ Original ]
وَبُرِّزَتِ الْجَحِيمُ لِلْغَاوِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And to those straying in Evil, the Fire will be placed in full view;
[ Saheeh International ]
And Hellfire will be brought forth for the deviators,

26:92
[ Original ]
وَقِيلَ لَهُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْبُدُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And it shall be said to them: 'Where are the (gods) ye worshipped-
[ Saheeh International ]
And it will be said to them, "Where are those you used to worship

26:93
[ Original ]
مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ هَلْ يَنْصُرُونَكُمْ أَوْ يَنْتَصِرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
" 'Besides Allah. Can they help you or help themselves?'
[ Saheeh International ]
Other than Allah? Can they help you or help themselves?"

26:94
[ Original ]
فَكُبْكِبُوا فِيهَا هُمْ وَالْغَاوُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Then they will be thrown headlong into the (Fire),- they and those straying in Evil,
[ Saheeh International ]
So they will be overturned into Hellfire, they and the deviators
Tafseer Commentary

3182 The false gods, being devils or personified false fancies, will all be involved in the punishment of Hell, together with their worshippers, and the ultimate sources of evil, the hosts of Iblis or Satan (Cf. 25:17-18).


26:95
[ Original ]
وَجُنُودُ إِبْلِيسَ أَجْمَعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And the whole hosts of Iblis together.
[ Saheeh International ]
And the soldiers of Iblees, all together.

26:96
[ Original ]
قَالُوا وَهُمْ فِيهَا يَخْتَصِمُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"They will say there in their mutual bickerings:
[ Saheeh International ]
They will say while they dispute therein,

26:97
[ Original ]
تَاللَّهِ إِنْ كُنَّا لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
" 'By Allah, we were truly in an error manifest,
[ Saheeh International ]
"By Allah, we were indeed in manifest error
Tafseer Commentary

3183 Error manifest: 'our error is now plainly manifest, but it should have been manifest to us before it was too late, because the Signs of Allah were always around us'. This will be said by the ungodly, whose eyes will then be fully opened.


26:98
[ Original ]
إِذْ نُسَوِّيكُمْ بِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
" 'When we held you as equals with the Lord of the Worlds;
[ Saheeh International ]
When we equated you with the Lord of the worlds.

26:99
[ Original ]
وَمَا أَضَلَّنَا إِلَّا الْمُجْرِمُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"'And our seducers were only those who were steeped in guilt.
[ Saheeh International ]
And no one misguided us except the criminals.
Tafseer Commentary

3184 They now see that the people who seduced them were themselves evil and subject to the penalties of evil, and their seductions were frauds. They feel that they ought to have seen it before, for who would deliberately follow the paths of those condemned to misery and punishment? How simple they were not to see the true character of their seducers, though they had been warned again and again against them! It was their own folly that made them accept such obviously false guidance!


26:100
[ Original ]
فَمَا لَنَا مِنْ شَافِعِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
" 'Now, then, we have none to intercede (for us),
[ Saheeh International ]
So now we have no intercessors

26:101
[ Original ]
وَلَا صَدِيقٍ حَمِيمٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
" 'Nor a single friend to feel (for us).
[ Saheeh International ]
And not a devoted friend.

26:102
[ Original ]
فَلَوْ أَنَّ لَنَا كَرَّةً فَنَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
" 'Now if we only had a chance of return we shall truly be of those who believe!' "
[ Saheeh International ]
Then if we only had a return [to the world] and could be of the believers... "
Tafseer Commentary

3185 This apparent longing for a chance of return is dishonest. If they were sent back, they would certainly return to their evil ways: 6:27 -28. Besides, they have had numerous chances already in this life, and they have used them for mischief or evil.


26:103
[ Original ]
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً ۖ وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily in this is a Sign but most of them do not believe.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers.

26:104
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And verily thy Lord is He, the Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, your Lord - He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.

26:105
[ Original ]
كَذَّبَتْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ الْمُرْسَلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The people of Noah rejected the messengers.
[ Saheeh International ]
The people of Noah denied the messengers

26:106
[ Original ]
إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ أَخُوهُمْ نُوحٌ أَلَا تَتَّقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Behold, their brother Noah said to them: "Will ye not fear ((Allah))?
[ Saheeh International ]
When their brother Noah said to them, "Will you not fear Allah?
Tafseer Commentary

3186 Noah's generation had lost all faith and abandoned themselves to evil. They had rejected the Message of messengers previously sent to the world. Noah was sent to them as one of themselves ("their brother"). His life was open before them: he had proved himself pure in heart and conduct (like the Prophet of Arabia long after him), and worthy of every trust. Would they fear Allah and follow his advice? They could see that he had no ends of his own to serve. Would they not listen to him?


26:107
[ Original ]
إِنِّي لَكُمْ رَسُولٌ أَمِينٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"I am to you a messenger worthy of all trust:
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger.
Tafseer Commentary

3187 Amin=one to whom a trust had been given, with several shades of meaning implied: e.g., (1) worthy of trust, (2) bound to deliver his trust, as a prophet is bound to deliver his Message, (3) bound to act entirely as directed by the trust, as a prophet is bound to give only the Message of Allah, and not add anything of his own, and (4) not seeking any interest of his own ( Cf. n. 3224).


26:108
[ Original ]
فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"So fear Allah, and obey me.
[ Saheeh International ]
So fear Allah and obey me.

26:109
[ Original ]
وَمَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ ۖ إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَىٰ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"No reward do I ask of you for it: my reward is only from the Lord of the Worlds:
[ Saheeh International ]
And I do not ask you for it any payment. My payment is only from the Lord of the worlds.

26:110
[ Original ]
فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"So fear Allah, and obey me."
[ Saheeh International ]
So fear Allah and obey me."
Tafseer Commentary

3188 Note the repetition rounds off the argument. See n. 3186 above.


26:111
[ Original ]
قَالُوا أَنُؤْمِنُ لَكَ وَاتَّبَعَكَ الْأَرْذَلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They said: "Shall we believe in thee when it is the meanest that follow thee?"
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "Should we believe you while you are followed by the lowest [class of people]?"
Tafseer Commentary

3189 The leaders of the people are speaking, as the Quraysh leaders spoke in the time of the Holy Prophet. "We know that thou hast been trustworthy in thy life. But look at the 'rag tag and bob tail' that follow thee! Dost thou expect us to be like them or to be classed with them?" His answer was: "I know nothing against them; if they have done any wrong, or are only hypocrites, they are answerable to Allah; how can I drive them away from me, seeing that I am expressly sent to admonish all people?"


26:112
[ Original ]
قَالَ وَمَا عِلْمِي بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He said: "And what do I know as to what they do?
[ Saheeh International ]
He said, "And what is my knowledge of what they used to do?

26:113
[ Original ]
إِنْ حِسَابُهُمْ إِلَّا عَلَىٰ رَبِّي ۖ لَوْ تَشْعُرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Their account is only with my Lord, if ye could (but) understand.
[ Saheeh International ]
Their account is only upon my Lord, if you [could] perceive.

26:114
[ Original ]
وَمَا أَنَا بِطَارِدِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"I am not one to drive away those who believe.
[ Saheeh International ]
And I am not one to drive away the believers.
Tafseer Commentary

3190 Cf. 11:29 . All people who have faith have the right to come and listen to Allah's Word and receive Allah's Mercy, whether they are publicans and sinners, "Harijans" and "low-caste" men, men of "superior" or "inferior" races. The Prophet of Allah welcomes them all, as His Message had to shine before the whole world. (R).


26:115
[ Original ]
إِنْ أَنَا إِلَّا نَذِيرٌ مُبِينٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"I am sent only to warn plainly in public."
[ Saheeh International ]
I am only a clear warner."

26:116
[ Original ]
قَالُوا لَئِنْ لَمْ تَنْتَهِ يَا نُوحُ لَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمَرْجُومِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They said: "If thou desist not, O Noah! thou shalt be stoned (to death)."
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "If you do not desist, O Noah, you will surely be of those who are stoned."
Tafseer Commentary

3191 Two other cases occur to me where prophets of Allah were threatened with death by stoning: one was Abraham (19:46), and the other was 'Shu'ayb (11:91). In neither case did the threats deter them from carrying out their mission. On the contrary, the threats recoiled on those who threatened. So also did it happen in the case of Noah and the Prophet.


26:117
[ Original ]
قَالَ رَبِّ إِنَّ قَوْمِي كَذَّبُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He said: "O my Lord! truly my people have rejected me.
[ Saheeh International ]
He said, "My Lord, indeed my people have denied me.

26:118
[ Original ]
فَافْتَحْ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَهُمْ فَتْحًا وَنَجِّنِي وَمَنْ مَعِيَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Judge Thou, then, between me and them openly, and deliver me and those of the Believers who are with me."
[ Saheeh International ]
Then judge between me and them with decisive judgement and save me and those with me of the believers."

26:119
[ Original ]
فَأَنْجَيْنَاهُ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ فِي الْفُلْكِ الْمَشْحُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So We delivered him and those with him, in the Ark filled (with all creatures).
[ Saheeh International ]
So We saved him and those with him in the laden ship.
Tafseer Commentary

3192 The story of Noah's Flood is told in 11:36-48. Here, the point emphasised in Noah's patience and constancy against threats, and the triumph and preservation of Allah's truth even though the world was ranged against it.


26:120
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ أَغْرَقْنَا بَعْدُ الْبَاقِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Thereafter We drowned those who remained behind.
[ Saheeh International ]
Then We drowned thereafter the remaining ones.

26:121
[ Original ]
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً ۖ وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily in this is a Sign: but most of them do not believe.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers.
Tafseer Commentary

3193 This and the following verse run like a refrain throughout this Surah, and give the keynote to the subject matter: how the Message of Allah is preached, how it is rejected in all ages, and how it triumphs at last, through the Mercy of Allah. See 26:8-9, 26:67-68, 26:103-104, here (26:121-122), 26:139-140, 26:158-159, 26:174-175, and 26:190-191. (R).


26:122
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And verily thy Lord is He, the Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, your Lord - He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.

26:123
[ Original ]
كَذَّبَتْ عَادٌ الْمُرْسَلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The 'Ad (people) rejected the messengers.
[ Saheeh International ]
'Aad denied the messengers
Tafseer Commentary

3194 See n. 1040 to 7:65 for the 'Ad people and their location. Here, the emphasis is on the fact that they were materialists believing in brute force, and felt secure in their fortresses and resources, but were found quite helpless when Allah's Message came and they rejected it.


26:124
[ Original ]
إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ أَخُوهُمْ هُودٌ أَلَا تَتَّقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Behold, their brother Hud said to them: "Will ye not fear ((Allah))?
[ Saheeh International ]
When their brother Hud said to them, "Will you not fear Allah?

26:125
[ Original ]
إِنِّي لَكُمْ رَسُولٌ أَمِينٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"I am to you a messenger worthy of all trust:
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger.
Tafseer Commentary

3195 See n. 3187 to 26:107 above.


26:126
[ Original ]
فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"So fear Allah and obey me.
[ Saheeh International ]
So fear Allah and obey me.

26:127
[ Original ]
وَمَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ ۖ إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَىٰ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"No reward do I ask of you for it: my reward is only from the Lord of the Worlds.
[ Saheeh International ]
And I do not ask you for it any payment. My payment is only from the Lord of the worlds.

26:128
[ Original ]
أَتَبْنُونَ بِكُلِّ رِيعٍ آيَةً تَعْبَثُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Do ye build a landmark on every high place to amuse yourselves?
[ Saheeh International ]
Do you construct on every elevation a sign, amusing yourselves,
Tafseer Commentary

3196 Any merely material civilisation prides itself on show and parade. Its votaries scatter monuments for all sorts of things in conspicuous places-monuments which commemorate deeds and events which are forgotten in a few generations! Cf. Shelley's poem on Ozymandias: "I am Ozymandias. King of Kings! Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!...Boundless and bare the lonely and level sands stretch far away!"


26:129
[ Original ]
وَتَتَّخِذُونَ مَصَانِعَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَخْلُدُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And do ye get for yourselves fine buildings in the hope of living therein (for ever)?
[ Saheeh International ]
And take for yourselves palaces and fortresses that you might abide eternally?

26:130
[ Original ]
وَإِذَا بَطَشْتُمْ بَطَشْتُمْ جَبَّارِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And when ye exert your strong hand, do ye do it like men of absolute power?
[ Saheeh International ]
And when you strike, you strike as tyrants.
Tafseer Commentary

3197 "Without any responsibility or consideration for those who come within your power?"


26:131
[ Original ]
فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Now fear Allah, and obey me.
[ Saheeh International ]
So fear Allah and obey me.
Tafseer Commentary

3198 See n. 3188 above.


26:132
[ Original ]
وَاتَّقُوا الَّذِي أَمَدَّكُمْ بِمَا تَعْلَمُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Yea, fear Him Who has bestowed on you freely all that ye know.
[ Saheeh International ]
And fear He who provided you with that which you know,
Tafseer Commentary

3199 The gifts are described generally, immaterial and material. "All that ye know" includes not only material things, but knowledge and the faculties by which knowledge may be used for human well-being, all that makes life beautiful and refined. "Cattle" means wealth generally, and "sons" means population and manpower. "Gardens and Springs" are things that contribute to the delight and pleasure of man.


26:133
[ Original ]
أَمَدَّكُمْ بِأَنْعَامٍ وَبَنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Freely has He bestowed on you cattle and sons,-
[ Saheeh International ]
Provided you with grazing livestock and children

26:134
[ Original ]
وَجَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And Gardens and Springs.
[ Saheeh International ]
And gardens and springs.

26:135
[ Original ]
إِنِّي أَخَافُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Truly I fear for you the Penalty of a Great Day."
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, I fear for you the punishment of a terrible day."
Tafseer Commentary

3200 "But you have misused all those gifts, and you will suffer the inevitable penalties for your misuse and for your ingratitude."


26:136
[ Original ]
قَالُوا سَوَاءٌ عَلَيْنَا أَوَعَظْتَ أَمْ لَمْ تَكُنْ مِنَ الْوَاعِظِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They said: "It is the same to us whether thou admonish us or be not among (our) Admonishers!
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "It is all the same to us whether you advise or are not of the advisors.
Tafseer Commentary

3201 "We are not going to attend to you whether you preach to us or not." The construction of the second clause, "or be not among our admonishers" is a rapier cut at Hud, as if they had said: "Oh yes! we have heard plenty of admonishers like you!" See the next verse.


26:137
[ Original ]
إِنْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا خُلُقُ الْأَوَّلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"This is no other than a customary device of the ancients,
[ Saheeh International ]
This is not but the custom of the former peoples,
Tafseer Commentary

3202 They said, as many of our modern enemies of religion say, "you are only reviving an ancient superstition, a dope of the crowd; there is no such thing as a Hereafter, or the sort of punishments you announce!"


26:138
[ Original ]
وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمُعَذَّبِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And we are not the ones to receive Pains and Penalties!"
[ Saheeh International ]
And we are not to be punished."

26:139
[ Original ]
فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَأَهْلَكْنَاهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً ۖ وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So they rejected him, and We destroyed them. Verily in this is a Sign: but most of them do not believe.
[ Saheeh International ]
And they denied him, so We destroyed them. Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers.

26:140
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And verily thy Lord is He, the Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, your Lord - He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.

26:141
[ Original ]
كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ الْمُرْسَلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The Thamud (people) rejected the messengers.
[ Saheeh International ]
Thamud denied the messengers
Tafseer Commentary

3203 For the Thamud people see n. 1043 to 7:73. They were great builders in stone and a people with agricultural wealth, but they were an exclusive people and oppressed the poor. The point emphasised here is: "How long will your wealth last, especially if you depress your own people and dishonour Allah's Signs by sacrilege?" The inscriptions on Thamud remains of rock-cut buildings in Al Hijr are described in Appendix VII at the end of this Surah.


26:142
[ Original ]
إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ أَخُوهُمْ صَالِحٌ أَلَا تَتَّقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Behold, their brother Salih said to them: "Will you not fear ((Allah))?
[ Saheeh International ]
When their brother Salih said to them, "Will you not fear Allah?

26:143
[ Original ]
إِنِّي لَكُمْ رَسُولٌ أَمِينٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"I am to you a messenger worthy of all trust.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger.

26:144
[ Original ]
فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"So fear Allah, and obey me.
[ Saheeh International ]
So fear Allah and obey me.

26:145
[ Original ]
وَمَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ ۖ إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَىٰ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"No reward do I ask of you for it: my reward is only from the Lord of the Worlds.
[ Saheeh International ]
And I do not ask you for it any payment. My payment is only from the Lord of the worlds.

26:146
[ Original ]
أَتُتْرَكُونَ فِي مَا هَاهُنَا آمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Will ye be left secure, in (the enjoyment of) all that ye have here?-
[ Saheeh International ]
Will you be left in what is here, secure [from death],

26:147
[ Original ]
فِي جَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Gardens and Springs,
[ Saheeh International ]
Within gardens and springs

26:148
[ Original ]
وَزُرُوعٍ وَنَخْلٍ طَلْعُهَا هَضِيمٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And corn-fields and date-palms with spathes near breaking (with the weight of fruit)?
[ Saheeh International ]
And fields of crops and palm trees with softened fruit?
Tafseer Commentary

3204 The date palm flowers on a long spathe: when the flowers develop into fruit, the heavy ones hang with the load of fruit. Thamud evidently were proud of their skill in producing corn and fruit and in hewing fine dwellings out of rocks, like the later dwellings of Roman times in the town of Petra .


26:149
[ Original ]
وَتَنْحِتُونَ مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا فَارِهِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And ye carve houses out of (rocky) mountains with great skill.
[ Saheeh International ]
And you carve out of the mountains, homes, with skill.

26:150
[ Original ]
فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"But fear Allah and obey me;
[ Saheeh International ]
So fear Allah and obey me.

26:151
[ Original ]
وَلَا تُطِيعُوا أَمْرَ الْمُسْرِفِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And follow not the bidding of those who are extravagant,-
[ Saheeh International ]
And do not obey the order of the transgressors,
Tafseer Commentary

3205 They are told: "All your skill is very well; but cultivate virtue and do not follow the ways of those who put forward extravagant claims for men's powers and material resources, or who lead lives of extravagance in luxury and self-indulgence; that makes mischief: but the door to repentance is open: will you repent?"


26:152
[ Original ]
الَّذِينَ يُفْسِدُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا يُصْلِحُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Who make mischief in the land, and mend not (their ways)."
[ Saheeh International ]
Who cause corruption in the land and do not amend."

26:153
[ Original ]
قَالُوا إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مِنَ الْمُسَحَّرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They said: "Thou art only one of those bewitched!
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "You are only of those affected by magic.
Tafseer Commentary

3206 They think he is talking like a madman, and they say so.


26:154
[ Original ]
مَا أَنْتَ إِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُنَا فَأْتِ بِآيَةٍ إِنْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Thou art no more than a mortal like us: then bring us a Sign, if thou tellest the truth!"
[ Saheeh International ]
You are but a man like ourselves, so bring a sign, if you should be of the truthful."

26:155
[ Original ]
قَالَ هَٰذِهِ نَاقَةٌ لَهَا شِرْبٌ وَلَكُمْ شِرْبُ يَوْمٍ مَعْلُومٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He said: "Here is a she-camel: she has a right of watering, and ye have a right of watering, (severally) on a day appointed.
[ Saheeh International ]
He said, "This is a she-camel. For her is a [time of] drink, and for you is a [time of] drink, [each] on a known day.
Tafseer Commentary

3207 For this she-camel, see n. 1044 to 7:73. The she-camel was to be a Sign and a test case. Would they respect her rights of watering (and pasturage)?


26:156
[ Original ]
وَلَا تَمَسُّوهَا بِسُوءٍ فَيَأْخُذَكُمْ عَذَابُ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Touch her not with harm, lest the Penalty of a Great Day seize you."
[ Saheeh International ]
And do not touch her with harm, lest you be seized by the punishment of a terrible day."

26:157
[ Original ]
فَعَقَرُوهَا فَأَصْبَحُوا نَادِمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But they ham-strung her: then did they become full of regrets.
[ Saheeh International ]
But they hamstrung her and so became regretful.
Tafseer Commentary

3208 Their regrets were too late. They had themselves asked for a Sign. The Sign had been given them in the she-camel, which their prophet Salih had put forward as a test case. Would they, through that symbol, respect the law of equity by which all people had rights in water and in the gifts of nature? They refused to respect that law, and committed sacrilege by deliberately killing the she-camel. They themselves came to an evil end.


26:158
[ Original ]
فَأَخَذَهُمُ الْعَذَابُ ۗ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً ۖ وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But the Penalty seized them. Verily in this is a Sign: but most of them do not believe.
[ Saheeh International ]
And the punishment seized them. Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers.

26:159
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And verily thy Lord is He, the Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, your Lord - He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.

26:160
[ Original ]
كَذَّبَتْ قَوْمُ لُوطٍ الْمُرْسَلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The people of Lut rejected the messengers.
[ Saheeh International ]
The people of Lot denied the messengers
Tafseer Commentary

3209 The story of Lut ( Lot ) will be found in 7:80-84: see n. 1049. Here the point is that the people of the Cities of the Plain were shamelessly addicted to vice against nature, and Lut's warning only exasperated them, until they were destroyed by a shower of brimstone.


26:161
[ Original ]
إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ أَخُوهُمْ لُوطٌ أَلَا تَتَّقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Behold, their brother Lut said to them: "Will ye not fear ((Allah))?
[ Saheeh International ]
When their brother Lot said to them, "Will you not fear Allah?

26:162
[ Original ]
إِنِّي لَكُمْ رَسُولٌ أَمِينٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"I am to you a messenger worthy of all trust.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger.

26:163
[ Original ]
فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"So fear Allah and obey me.
[ Saheeh International ]
So fear Allah and obey me.

26:164
[ Original ]
وَمَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ ۖ إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَىٰ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"No reward do I ask of you for it: my reward is only from the lord of the Worlds.
[ Saheeh International ]
And I do not ask you for it any payment. My payment is only from the Lord of the worlds.

26:165
[ Original ]
أَتَأْتُونَ الذُّكْرَانَ مِنَ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Of all the creatures in the world, will ye approach males,
[ Saheeh International ]
Do you approach males among the worlds

26:166
[ Original ]
وَتَذَرُونَ مَا خَلَقَ لَكُمْ رَبُّكُمْ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ ۚ بَلْ أَنْتُمْ قَوْمٌ عَادُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And leave those whom Allah has created for you to be your mates? Nay, ye are a people transgressing (all limits)!"
[ Saheeh International ]
And leave what your Lord has created for you as mates? But you are a people transgressing."

26:167
[ Original ]
قَالُوا لَئِنْ لَمْ تَنْتَهِ يَا لُوطُ لَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُخْرَجِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They said: "If thou desist not, O Lut! thou wilt assuredly be cast out!"
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "If you do not desist, O Lot, you will surely be of those evicted."
Tafseer Commentary

3210 Their threat to cast him out has a grim significance in what actually happened. They were destroyed where they were, and he was glad to escape the dreadful Punishment according to the warning he had received.


26:168
[ Original ]
قَالَ إِنِّي لِعَمَلِكُمْ مِنَ الْقَالِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He said: "I do detest your doings."
[ Saheeh International ]
He said, "Indeed, I am, toward your deed, of those who detest [it].
Tafseer Commentary

3211 He was only among them from a stern sense of duty. The whole atmosphere there was detestable to him, and he was glad to escape when duty no longer demanded his presence there. He prayed for deliverance from such surroundings.


26:169
[ Original ]
رَبِّ نَجِّنِي وَأَهْلِي مِمَّا يَعْمَلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"O my Lord! deliver me and my family from such things as they do!"
[ Saheeh International ]
My Lord, save me and my family from [the consequence of] what they do."

26:170
[ Original ]
فَنَجَّيْنَاهُ وَأَهْلَهُ أَجْمَعِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So We delivered him and his family,- all
[ Saheeh International ]
So We saved him and his family, all,

26:171
[ Original ]
إِلَّا عَجُوزًا فِي الْغَابِرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Except an old woman who lingered behind.
[ Saheeh International ]
Except an old woman among those who remained behind.
Tafseer Commentary

3212 This was Lut's wife, who lingered behind and was among those who perished. See n. 1051 to 7:83.


26:172
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ دَمَّرْنَا الْآخَرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But the rest We destroyed utterly.
[ Saheeh International ]
Then We destroyed the others.

26:173
[ Original ]
وَأَمْطَرْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ مَطَرًا ۖ فَسَاءَ مَطَرُ الْمُنْذَرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
We rained down on them a shower (of brimstone): and evil was the shower on those who were admonished (but heeded not)!
[ Saheeh International ]
And We rained upon them a rain [of stones], and evil was the rain of those who were warned.
Tafseer Commentary

3213 See n. 1052 to 7:84.


26:174
[ Original ]
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً ۖ وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily in this is a Sign: but most of them do not believe.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers.

26:175
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And verily thy Lord is He, the Exalted in Might Most Merciful.
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, your Lord - He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.

26:176
[ Original ]
كَذَّبَ أَصْحَابُ الْأَيْكَةِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The Companions of the Wood rejected the messengers.
[ Saheeh International ]
The companions of the thicket denied the messengers
Tafseer Commentary

3214 See n. 2000 to 15:78.


26:177
[ Original ]
إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ شُعَيْبٌ أَلَا تَتَّقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Behold, Shu'ayb said to them: "Will ye not fear ((Allah))?
[ Saheeh International ]
When Shu'ayb said to them, "Will you not fear Allah?
Tafseer Commentary

3215 For Shu'ayb see n. 1054 to 7:85.


26:178
[ Original ]
إِنِّي لَكُمْ رَسُولٌ أَمِينٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"I am to you a messenger worthy of all trust.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger.

26:179
[ Original ]
فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"So fear Allah and obey me.
[ Saheeh International ]
So fear Allah and obey me.

26:180
[ Original ]
وَمَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ ۖ إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَىٰ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"No reward do I ask of you for it: my reward is only from the Lord of the Worlds.
[ Saheeh International ]
And I do not ask you for it any payment. My payment is only from the Lord of the worlds.

26:181
[ Original ]
أَوْفُوا الْكَيْلَ وَلَا تَكُونُوا مِنَ الْمُخْسِرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Give just measure, and cause no loss (to others by fraud).
[ Saheeh International ]
Give full measure and do not be of those who cause loss.
Tafseer Commentary

3216 They were a commercial people, but they were given to fraud, injustice, and wrongful mischief (by intermeddling with others). They are asked to fear Allah and follow His ways: it is He Who also created their predecessors among mankind, who never prospered by fraud and violent wrongdoing, but only justice and fair dealing.


26:182
[ Original ]
وَزِنُوا بِالْقِسْطَاسِ الْمُسْتَقِيمِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And weigh with scales true and upright.
[ Saheeh International ]
And weigh with an even balance.

26:183
[ Original ]
وَلَا تَبْخَسُوا النَّاسَ أَشْيَاءَهُمْ وَلَا تَعْثَوْا فِي الْأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And withhold not things justly due to men, nor do evil in the land, working mischief.
[ Saheeh International ]
And do not deprive people of their due and do not commit abuse on earth, spreading corruption.

26:184
[ Original ]
وَاتَّقُوا الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالْجِبِلَّةَ الْأَوَّلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And fear Him Who created you and (who created) the generations before (you)"
[ Saheeh International ]
And fear He who created you and the former creation."

26:185
[ Original ]
قَالُوا إِنَّمَا أَنْتَ مِنَ الْمُسَحَّرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They said: "Thou art only one of those bewitched!
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "You are only of those affected by magic.

26:186
[ Original ]
وَمَا أَنْتَ إِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُنَا وَإِنْ نَظُنُّكَ لَمِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Thou art no more than a mortal like us, and indeed we think thou art a liar!
[ Saheeh International ]
You are but a man like ourselves, and indeed, we think you are among the liars.
Tafseer Commentary

3217 They deny that he is a prophet or that they are doing wrong, or that any former generations behaved differently. They think they are the true exponents of human nature, and that such as he-idealists-are mere madmen.


26:187
[ Original ]
فَأَسْقِطْ عَلَيْنَا كِسَفًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ إِنْ كُنْتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Now cause a piece of the sky to fall on us, if thou art truthful!"
[ Saheeh International ]
So cause to fall upon us fragments of the sky, if you should be of the truthful."
Tafseer Commentary

3218 'If you really claim any real contact with Allah, let us see if you can bring down a piece of the sky to fall on us!' (Cf. 52:44).


26:188
[ Original ]
قَالَ رَبِّي أَعْلَمُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He said: "My Lord knows best what ye do."
[ Saheeh International ]
He said, "My Lord is most knowing of what you do."
Tafseer Commentary

3219 The challenge to bring down a piece of the sky was merely empty bravado, on the part of those who had called him a liar. But S hu'ayb does not insult them. He merely says: "Allah is the best judge of your conduct: what more can I say?" And Allah did punish them.


26:189
[ Original ]
فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَأَخَذَهُمْ عَذَابُ يَوْمِ الظُّلَّةِ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But they rejected him. Then the punishment of a day of overshadowing gloom seized them, and that was the Penalty of a Great Day.
[ Saheeh International ]
And they denied him, so the punishment of the day of the black cloud seized them. Indeed, it was the punishment of a terrible day.
Tafseer Commentary

3220 Perhaps a shower of ashes and cinders accompanying a volcanic eruption. If these people were the same as the Midianites, there was also an earthquake. See 7:91 and n. 1063.

3221 It must have been a terrible day of wholesale destruction-earthquake, volcanic eruption, lava, cinders and ashes and rumbling noises to frighten those whose death was not instantaneous.


26:190
[ Original ]
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً ۖ وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily in that is a Sign: but most of them do not believe.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers.

26:191
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And verily thy Lord is He, the Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, your Lord - He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.
Tafseer Commentary

3222 See above, n. 3193 to 26:121.


26:192
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّهُ لَتَنْزِيلُ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily this is a Revelation from the Lord of the Worlds:
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, the Qur'an is the revelation of the Lord of the worlds.
Tafseer Commentary

3223 The hostile reception of some of the previous Messengers having been mentioned, the special characteristics of the Qur'an are now referred to, to show (1) that it is true, and (2) that its rejection by the Makkan Pagans was of a piece with the previous experience in the history of man: vested interests resist Truth, but it conquers.


26:193
[ Original ]
نَزَلَ بِهِ الرُّوحُ الْأَمِينُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
With it came down the spirit of Faith and Truth-
[ Saheeh International ]
The Trustworthy Spirit has brought it down
Tafseer Commentary

3224 Al Ruh al Amin, the epithet of Gabriel, who came with the inspired Messages to the Holy Prophet, is difficult to render in a single epithet in translation. In n. 3187 to 26:107 I have described some of the various shades of meaning attached to the adjective Amin as applied to a Prophet. A further signification as attached to the Spirit of Inspiration is that it is the very quintessence of Faith and Truth, unlike the lying spirits which delude men with falsehood. On the whole, I think, "the Spirit of Faith and Truth" will best represent the original here.


26:194
[ Original ]
عَلَىٰ قَلْبِكَ لِتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُنْذِرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
To thy heart and mind, that thou mayest admonish.
[ Saheeh International ]
Upon your heart, [O Muhammad] - that you may be of the warners -
Tafseer Commentary

3225 Qalb (Heart) signifies not only the seat of the affections, but also the seat of the memory and understanding. The process of inspiration is indicated by the impression of the divine Message on the inspired one's heart, memory, and understanding, from which it was promulgated in human speech to the world. In this case the human speech was the perspicuous Arabic tongue, which would be plainly intelligible to the audience who would immediately hear it and be through them transmitted to all the world.


26:195
[ Original ]
بِلِسَانٍ عَرَبِيٍّ مُبِينٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
In the perspicuous Arabic tongue.
[ Saheeh International ]
In a clear Arabic language.

26:196
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّهُ لَفِي زُبُرِ الْأَوَّلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Without doubt it is (announced) in the mystic Books of former peoples.
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, it is [mentioned] in the scriptures of former peoples.
Tafseer Commentary

3226 The word Zubur, used here, is plural of Zabur, which is mentioned in the Qur'an as the Book revealed to the Prophet Dawud. It has also been used in the Qur'an in the generic sense of "Book" (54:52). Here the word refers to the earlier Revelations. (Eds.). (Cf. n. 2759).


26:197
[ Original ]
أَوَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُمْ آيَةً أَنْ يَعْلَمَهُ عُلَمَاءُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Is it not a Sign to them that the Learned of the Children of Israel knew it (as true)?
[ Saheeh International ]
And has it not been a sign to them that it is recognized by the scholars of the Children of Israel?
Tafseer Commentary

3227 Many of the Jewish Doctors recognised the Prophet's Message as a Message from Allah, e.g., 'Abdullah ibn Salam and Mukhayriq. The latter was a man of property, which he left for Islam. (There were also Christian monks and learned men who recognised the Prophet's mission.)


26:198
[ Original ]
وَلَوْ نَزَّلْنَاهُ عَلَىٰ بَعْضِ الْأَعْجَمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Had We revealed it to any of the non-Arabs,
[ Saheeh International ]
And even if We had revealed it to one among the foreigners

26:199
[ Original ]
فَقَرَأَهُ عَلَيْهِمْ مَا كَانُوا بِهِ مُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And had he recited it to them, they would not have believed in it.
[ Saheeh International ]
And he had recited it to them [perfectly], they would [still] not have been believers in it.
Tafseer Commentary

3228 The turn of Arabia having come for receiving Allah's Revelation, as was foretold in previous Revelations, it was inevitable that it should be in the Arab tongue through the mouth of an Arab. Otherwise it would have been unintelligible, and the Arabs could not have received the Faith and become the vehicles for its promulgation as actually happened in history.


26:200
[ Original ]
كَذَٰلِكَ سَلَكْنَاهُ فِي قُلُوبِ الْمُجْرِمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Thus have We caused it to enter the hearts of the Sinners.
[ Saheeh International ]
Thus have We inserted disbelief into the hearts of the criminals.
Tafseer Commentary

3229 "Thus" I think means through the medium of the Arabic language and the Arab people. The Qur'an penetrated through their language and their hearts. If the hardhearted among them did not believe, they will see when the Penalty comes, how grievous a mistake they made. For the Penalty must come; even when they least expected it. They will be caught saying or thinking, "There is plenty of time; we can get another respite," when already it will have become too late for them to turn over a new leaf.


26:201
[ Original ]
لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ حَتَّىٰ يَرَوُا الْعَذَابَ الْأَلِيمَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They will not believe in it until they see the grievous Penalty;
[ Saheeh International ]
They will not believe in it until they see the painful punishment.

26:202
[ Original ]
فَيَأْتِيَهُمْ بَغْتَةً وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But the (Penalty) will come to them of a sudden, while they perceive it not;
[ Saheeh International ]
And it will come to them suddenly while they perceive [it] not.

26:203
[ Original ]
فَيَقُولُوا هَلْ نَحْنُ مُنْظَرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then they will say: "Shall we be respited?"
[ Saheeh International ]
And they will say, "May we be reprieved?"

26:204
[ Original ]
أَفَبِعَذَابِنَا يَسْتَعْجِلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Do they then ask for Our Penalty to be hastened on?
[ Saheeh International ]
So for Our punishment are they impatient?
Tafseer Commentary

3230 While some sinners out of negligence postpone the day of repentance till it is too late, others more bold actually ask out of bravado that Allah's Punishment should be brought down on them at once, as they do not believe in Allah or His Punishment! The answer to them is: It will come soon enough-too soon, they will think, when it comes! Cf. 22:47 and notes, 37:176, and 38:16.


26:205
[ Original ]
أَفَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ مَتَّعْنَاهُمْ سِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Seest thou? If We do let them enjoy (this life) for a few years,
[ Saheeh International ]
Then have you considered if We gave them enjoyment for years

26:206
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ جَاءَهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يُوعَدُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Yet there comes to them at length the (Punishment) which they were promised!
[ Saheeh International ]
And then there came to them that which they were promised?

26:207
[ Original ]
مَا أَغْنَىٰ عَنْهُمْ مَا كَانُوا يُمَتَّعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
It will profit them not that they enjoyed (this life)!
[ Saheeh International ]
They would not be availed by the enjoyment with which they were provided.

26:208
[ Original ]
وَمَا أَهْلَكْنَا مِنْ قَرْيَةٍ إِلَّا لَهَا مُنْذِرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Never did We destroy a population, but had its warners -
[ Saheeh International ]
And We did not destroy any city except that it had warners

26:209
[ Original ]
ذِكْرَىٰ وَمَا كُنَّا ظَالِمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
By way of reminder; and We never are unjust.
[ Saheeh International ]
As a reminder; and never have We been unjust.
Tafseer Commentary

3231 Allah will grant much respite to sinners, for He is Most Gracious and Merciful. But all this respite will profit them nothing if they are merely immersed in the vanities of this world. Again and again, in spite of their rebellion and their rejection, does Allah send warnings and warners before the final Punishment of Justice. For Allah knows human weakness, and He will never be unjust in the least.


26:210
[ Original ]
وَمَا تَنَزَّلَتْ بِهِ الشَّيَاطِينُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
No evil ones have brought down this (Revelation):
[ Saheeh International ]
And the devils have not brought the revelation down.
Tafseer Commentary

3232 When anything extraordinary happens, there are always people desirous of putting the worst construction on it, and saying that it is the work of the evil ones, the devils. So when the Qur'an came with its Message in wondrous Arabic, its enemies could only account for its power by attributing it to evil spirits! Such a beneficent message can never suit the purposes of the evil ones, nor would it be in their power to produce it. In fact Good and Evil are poles asunder, and Evil cannot even hear words of Good, of tender Pity for sinners and Forgiveness for the penitent!


26:211
[ Original ]
وَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهُمْ وَمَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
It would neither suit them nor would they be able (to produce it).
[ Saheeh International ]
It is not allowable for them, nor would they be able.

26:212
[ Original ]
إِنَّهُمْ عَنِ السَّمْعِ لَمَعْزُولُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Indeed they have been removed far from even (a chance of) hearing it.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed they, from [its] hearing, are removed.

26:213
[ Original ]
فَلَا تَدْعُ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ فَتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُعَذَّبِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So call not on any other god with Allah, or thou wilt be among those under the Penalty.
[ Saheeh International ]
So do not invoke with Allah another deity and [thus] be among the punished.

26:214
[ Original ]
وَأَنْذِرْ عَشِيرَتَكَ الْأَقْرَبِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And admonish thy nearest kinsmen,
[ Saheeh International ]
And warn, [O Muhammad], your closest kindred.

26:215
[ Original ]
وَاخْفِضْ جَنَاحَكَ لِمَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And lower thy wing to the Believers who follow thee.
[ Saheeh International ]
And lower your wing to those who follow you of the believers.
Tafseer Commentary

3233 That is, be kind, gentle, and considerate with them, as a highflying bird is when she lowers her wing to her offspring. Cf. 17:24 and n. 2205, and 15:88 and n. 2011.


26:216
[ Original ]
فَإِنْ عَصَوْكَ فَقُلْ إِنِّي بَرِيءٌ مِمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then if they disobey thee, say: "I am free (of responsibility) for what ye do!"
[ Saheeh International ]
And if they disobey you, then say, "Indeed, I am disassociated from what you are doing."
Tafseer Commentary

3234 "Disobey thee" implied that they did something wrong, for the Prophet commanded what was right and forbade what was wrong. If, then, any of his flock did wrong the responsibility was not his, for he, like a good shepherd, tried to keep them right. What was he then to do? He would continue his teaching. But if any of them went so far wrong as to try to injure their own Teacher, Leader and guide, there was nothing for him to fear. His trust was only in Allah and Allah sees and appraises all men's actions at their true worth.


26:217
[ Original ]
وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى الْعَزِيزِ الرَّحِيمِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And put thy trust on the Exalted in Might, the Merciful,-
[ Saheeh International ]
And rely upon the Exalted in Might, the Merciful,

26:218
[ Original ]
الَّذِي يَرَاكَ حِينَ تَقُومُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Who seeth thee standing forth (in prayer),
[ Saheeh International ]
Who sees you when you arise

26:219
[ Original ]
وَتَقَلُّبَكَ فِي السَّاجِدِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And thy movements among those who prostrate themselves.
[ Saheeh International ]
And your movement among those who prostrate.
Tafseer Commentary

3235 Literally, the standing and prostration are postures of Muslim prayer: the Holy Prophet was equally earnest, sincere, and zealous in prayer for himself and for all his people. The Prophet's behaviour was exemplary in all the turns of fortune, and however foolish men may cavil, his purity and uprightness are fully known to Allah. (R).


26:220
[ Original ]
إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
For it is He Who heareth and knoweth all things.
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

26:221
[ Original ]
هَلْ أُنَبِّئُكُمْ عَلَىٰ مَنْ تَنَزَّلُ الشَّيَاطِينُ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Shall I inform you, (O people!), on whom it is that the evil ones descend?
[ Saheeh International ]
Shall I inform you upon whom the devils descend?
Tafseer Commentary

3236 To people who maliciously suggested that the Prophet was possessed or inspired by evil spirits (26:210 above) the reply had already been made, but it is now declared that the suggestion is itself the work of Evil. Behind such suggestions are lying and wickedness, or at best same half-truths caught up in hearsay and twisted so as to show Allah in an evil light.


26:222
[ Original ]
تَنَزَّلُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ أَفَّاكٍ أَثِيمٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They descend on every lying, wicked person,
[ Saheeh International ]
They descend upon every sinful liar.

26:223
[ Original ]
يُلْقُونَ السَّمْعَ وَأَكْثَرُهُمْ كَاذِبُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Into whose ears) they pour hearsay vanities, and most of them are liars.
[ Saheeh International ]
They pass on what is heard, and most of them are liars.

26:224
[ Original ]
وَالشُّعَرَاءُ يَتَّبِعُهُمُ الْغَاوُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And the Poets,- It is those straying in Evil, who follow them:
[ Saheeh International ]
And the poets - [only] the deviators follow them;
Tafseer Commentary

3237 The Poets: to be read along with the exceptions mentioned in verse 227 below. Poetry and other arts are not in themselves evil, but may, on the contrary, be used in the service of religion and righteousness. But there is a danger that they may, be prostituted for base purposes. If they are insincere ("they say what they do not") or are divorced from actual life or its goodness or its serious purpose, they may become instruments of evil or futility. They then wander about without any set purpose, and seek the depths (valleys) of human folly rather than the heights of divine light.


26:225
[ Original ]
أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّهُمْ فِي كُلِّ وَادٍ يَهِيمُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Seest thou not that they wander distracted in every valley?-
[ Saheeh International ]
Do you not see that in every valley they roam

26:226
[ Original ]
وَأَنَّهُمْ يَقُولُونَ مَا لَا يَفْعَلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And that they say what they practise not?-
[ Saheeh International ]
And that they say what they do not do? -

26:227
[ Original ]
إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَذَكَرُوا اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَانْتَصَرُوا مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا ظُلِمُوا ۗ وَسَيَعْلَمُ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا أَيَّ مُنْقَلَبٍ يَنْقَلِبُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Except those who believe, work righteousness, engage much in the remembrance of Allah, and defend themselves only after they are unjustly attacked. And soon will the unjust assailants know what vicissitudes their affairs will take!
[ Saheeh International ]
Except those [poets] who believe and do righteous deeds and remember Allah often and defend [the Muslims] after they were wronged. And those who have wronged are going to know to what [kind of] return they will be returned.
Tafseer Commentary

3238 Poetry and the fine arts which are to be commended are those which emanate from minds steeped in the Faith, which try to carry out in life the fine sentiments they express in their artistic work, aim at the glory of Allah rather than at self-glorification or the fulsome praise of men with feet of clay, and do not (as in Jihad) attack anything except aggressive evil. In this sense a perfect artist should be a perfect man. Perfection may not be attainable in this life, but it should be the aim of every man, and especially of one who wishes to become a supreme artist, not only in technique but in spirit and essentials. Among the commendable poets contemporary with the Holy Prophet may be mentioned Hassan and Labid: the latter had the honour of being one of the seven whose poems were selected for "hanging" (the Mu'allaqat) in the Days of Ignorance.

3239 These were the scurrilous rhymsters, who were doomed to come to an evil end.


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