Sura/Chapter:

Verse:    Count: 118
Tafseer/Commentary:
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Translations:
23: Al-Mumenoon - المؤمنون

23:1
[ Original ]
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The believers must (eventually) win through,-
[ Saheeh International ]
Certainly will the believers have succeeded:
Tafseer Commentary

2865 Aflaha: win through, prosper, succeed, achieve their aims or obtain salvation from sorrow and all evil. This verse connects on with verses 10 and 11 below. The success or victory may come in this world, but is certain and lasting in the world to come.


23:2
[ Original ]
الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ خَاشِعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Those who humble themselves in their prayers;
[ Saheeh International ]
They who are during their prayer humbly submissive
Tafseer Commentary

2866 Humility in prayer as regards (1) their estimate of their own worth in Allah's presence, (2) as regards their estimate of their own powers or strength unless they are helped by Allah, and (3) as regards the petitions they offer to Allah.


23:3
[ Original ]
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنِ اللَّغْوِ مُعْرِضُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Who avoid vain talk;
[ Saheeh International ]
And they who turn away from ill speech

23:4
[ Original ]
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِلزَّكَاةِ فَاعِلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Who are active in deeds of charity;
[ Saheeh International ]
And they who are observant of zakah

23:5
[ Original ]
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِفُرُوجِهِمْ حَافِظُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Who abstain from sex,
[ Saheeh International ]
And they who guard their private parts
Tafseer Commentary

2867 The Muslim must guard himself against ever;' kind of sex abuse or sex perversion. The new psychology associated with the name of Freud traces many of our hidden motives to sex, and it is common knowledge that our refinement or degradation may be measured by the hidden workings of our sex instincts. But even the natural and lawful exercise of sex is restricted to the marriage bond, under which the rights of both parties are duly regulated and maintained.


23:6
[ Original ]
إِلَّا عَلَىٰ أَزْوَاجِهِمْ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ غَيْرُ مَلُومِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Except with those joined to them in the marriage bond, or (the captives) whom their right hands possess,- for (in their case) they are free from blame,
[ Saheeh International ]
Except from their wives or those their right hands possess, for indeed, they will not be blamed -
Tafseer Commentary

2868 This is further explained and amplified in 4:25. It will be seen there that the status of a captive when raised to freedom by marriage is the same as that of a free woman as regards her rights, but more lenient as regards the punishment to be inflicted if she falls from virtue.


23:7
[ Original ]
فَمَنِ ابْتَغَىٰ وَرَاءَ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْعَادُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But those whose desires exceed those limits are transgressors;-
[ Saheeh International ]
But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors -

23:8
[ Original ]
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِأَمَانَاتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَاعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Those who faithfully observe their trusts and their covenants;
[ Saheeh International ]
And they who are to their trusts and their promises attentive
Tafseer Commentary

2869 Trusts may be express or implied. Express trusts are those where property is entrusted or duties are assigned by some one to some other whom he trusts, to carry out either immediately or in specified contingencies, such as death. Implied trusts arise out of power, or position, or opportunity; e.g., a king holds his kingdom on trust from Allah for his subjects: the Afghan official phrase for their kingdom used to be Dawlat-i-Khuda-dad (' God-given kingdom'). The subject of covenants, express and implied, has been discussed in n. 682 to 5:1. Covenants create obligations, and express and implied trusts and covenants taken together cover the whole field of obligations.


23:9
[ Original ]
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَىٰ صَلَوَاتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And who (strictly) guard their prayers;-
[ Saheeh International ]
And they who carefully maintain their prayers -
Tafseer Commentary

2870 In verse 2 we were directed to the spirit of humility and earnestness in our prayers. Here we are told how necessary the habit of regular prayer is to our spiritual well-being and development, as it brings us closer to Allah, and thus sums up the light of the seven jewels of our Faith, viz.: (1) humility, (2) avoidance of vanity, (3) charity, (4) sex purity, (5) fidelity to trusts, and (6) to covenants, and (7) an earnest desire to get closer to Allah.


23:10
[ Original ]
أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْوَارِثُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
These will be the heirs,
[ Saheeh International ]
Those are the inheritors
Tafseer Commentary

2871 Cf. 21:105, where it is said that the righteous will inherit the earth. In the first verse of this Surah, the final success or victory is referred to. Truth will prevail even on this earth, but it may not be for any individual men of righteousness to see it: it may be in the time of their heirs and successors. But in the life to come, there is no doubt that every man will see the fruit of his life here, and the righteous will inherit heaven, in the sense that they will attain it after their death here.


23:11
[ Original ]
الَّذِينَ يَرِثُونَ الْفِرْدَوْسَ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Who will inherit Paradise: they will dwell therein (for ever).
[ Saheeh International ]
Who will inherit al-Firdaus. They will abide therein eternally.

23:12
[ Original ]
وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ سُلَالَةٍ مِنْ طِينٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Man We did create from a quintessence (of clay);
[ Saheeh International ]
And certainly did We create man from an extract of clay.
Tafseer Commentary

2872 In this beautiful passage, Allah's creative work, as far as man is concerned, is recapitulated, in order to show man's real position in this life, and the certainty of the future: to which he was referred for his reward in verses 10-11 above. For the various stages of creation, see n. 120 to 2:117. Here we are not concerned with the earliest stage, the creation of primeval matter out of nothing. It is also a process of creation when inorganic matter becomes living matter. Thus inorganic constituents of the earth are absorbed into living matter by way of food and living matter reproduces itself by means of sperm. This is deposited in the ovum and fertilises it and rests for a time in security in the mother's womb. The first change in the fertilised ovum is the conversion into a sort of clot of thickly congealed blood; the zygote cells grow by segmentation; then the mass gradually assumes shape in its growth as a foetus. From the lump develop bones and flesh and organs and a nervous system. So far man's growth is like that of an animal, but a further process takes place which makes the infant animal into the infant man. This is the breathing of Allah's spirit into him (15:29): that process need not be precisely at a given point of time. It may be a continuous process parallel to that of physical growth. The child is born: it grows; it decays and dies; but after death another chapter opens for the individual, and it is to remind us of this most momentous chapter that the previous stages are recapitulated.


23:13
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَاهُ نُطْفَةً فِي قَرَارٍ مَكِينٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then We placed him as (a drop of) sperm in a place of rest, firmly fixed;
[ Saheeh International ]
Then We placed him as a sperm-drop in a firm lodging.
Tafseer Commentary

2873 The growth in the foetal stage is silent and unseen. The foetus is protected in the mother's womb like a king in a castle; it is firmly fixed, and gets the protection of the mother's body, on which it depends for its own growth until birth.


23:14
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ خَلَقْنَا النُّطْفَةَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْعَلَقَةَ مُضْغَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْمُضْغَةَ عِظَامًا فَكَسَوْنَا الْعِظَامَ لَحْمًا ثُمَّ أَنْشَأْنَاهُ خَلْقًا آخَرَ ۚ فَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood; then of that clot We made a (foetus) lump; then we made out of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh; then we developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create!
[ Saheeh International ]
Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the best of creators.
Tafseer Commentary

2874 From a mere animal, we now consider man as man. Is it not a Sign of wonder in itself that from dry dust (turab, 22:5) or inorganic matter should be made protoplasm (moist clay or organic matter); from it should grow a new animal life; and out of it should grow human life, with all its capacities and responsibilities? Man carries within himself Signs of Allah's wisdom and power, and he can see them every day in the universe around him.


23:15
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ إِنَّكُمْ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ لَمَيِّتُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
After that, at length ye will die
[ Saheeh International ]
Then indeed, after that you are to die.
Tafseer Commentary

2875 Our physical death in this mortal life seems to make a break. But if it were the end of all, our life becomes meaningless. Our own instinct tells us that it cannot be so, and Allah assures us that there will be a resurrection for judgement.


23:16
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ إِنَّكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ تُبْعَثُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Again, on the Day of Judgment, will ye be raised up.
[ Saheeh International ]
Then indeed you, on the Day of Resurrection, will be resurrected.

23:17
[ Original ]
وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا فَوْقَكُمْ سَبْعَ طَرَائِقَ وَمَا كُنَّا عَنِ الْخَلْقِ غَافِلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And We have made, above you, seven tracts; and We are never unmindful of (our) Creation.
[ Saheeh International ]
And We have created above you seven layered heavens, and never have We been of [Our] creation unaware.
Tafseer Commentary

2876 Tara'iq. tracts, roads, orbits, or paths of motion in the visible heavens. These seven are regular and clearly marked to our eyes, in the immense space that we see around us. We must go to astronomy to form any plausible theories of these motions. But their simplest observation gives us a sublime view of beauty, order, and grandeur in the universe. The assurance given in the next clause, that Allah cares for us and all His Creation, calls our attention to Allah's goodness, which is further illustrated in the subsequent verses.

2877 Allah's care for His Creation is ceaseless. A few examples of His care for our physical well-being are given in verses 18-22, and for our spiritual well-being, in Sections 2 to 5.


23:18
[ Original ]
وَأَنْزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً بِقَدَرٍ فَأَسْكَنَّاهُ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۖ وَإِنَّا عَلَىٰ ذَهَابٍ بِهِ لَقَادِرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And We send down water from the sky according to (due) measure, and We cause it to soak in the soil; and We certainly are able to drain it off (with ease).
[ Saheeh International ]
And We have sent down rain from the sky in a measured amount and settled it in the earth. And indeed, We are Able to take it away.
Tafseer Commentary

2878 Normally the rain comes well distributed; it soaks into the soil; the moisture is retained for a long time in all high grounds; it soaks and penetrates through many layers of soil and forms the architecture of physical geography; the retentive powers of higher soil enable rivers to flow perennially even where, as in India, the rainfall is seasonal and confined to a few months in the year. Another form in which water comes down from the sky according to due measure is in snow and hail: these also have their place in the economy of air and soil. Were it not for snow and glaciers in the higher mountain regions, some of the rivers would fail in their abundant flow. As wonderful as the supply of water and moisture is its drainage. It returns to the sea and air in all sorts of ways, and the formation of mist and clouds repeats the cycle. Were it not for the drainage and the clearance of the waters, we should have floods and waterlogging, as happens when the normal processes of nature are temporarily obstructed. The same thing happens when the rain comes down in other than due measure. These abnormal conditions also have their value. But how grateful should man be for Allah's gifts in the ceaseless processes of nature on such an enormous scale!


23:19
[ Original ]
فَأَنْشَأْنَا لَكُمْ بِهِ جَنَّاتٍ مِنْ نَخِيلٍ وَأَعْنَابٍ لَكُمْ فِيهَا فَوَاكِهُ كَثِيرَةٌ وَمِنْهَا تَأْكُلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
With it We grow for you gardens of date-palms and vines: in them have ye abundant fruits: and of them ye eat (and have enjoyment),-
[ Saheeh International ]
And We brought forth for you thereby gardens of palm trees and grapevines in which for you are abundant fruits and from which you eat.
Tafseer Commentary

2879 Cf. 7:19 and n. 776 to 5:66.


23:20
[ Original ]
وَشَجَرَةً تَخْرُجُ مِنْ طُورِ سَيْنَاءَ تَنْبُتُ بِالدُّهْنِ وَصِبْغٍ لِلْآكِلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Also a tree springing out of Mount Sinai, which produces oil, and relish for those who use it for food.
[ Saheeh International ]
And [We brought forth] a tree issuing from Mount Sinai which produces oil and food for those who eat.
Tafseer Commentary

2880 For Arabia the best olives grow round about Mount Sinai . The fig, the olive, Mount Sinai, and the sacred city of Makkah are mentioned together in association in 95:1-3, where we shall consider the mystic meaning. Olive oil is an ingredient in medicinal ointments and in ointments used for religious ceremonies such as the consecration of kings. It has thus a symbolic meaning. If used for food, the olive has a delicious flavour. Cf. also 24:35, where the olive is called a Blessed Tree, and n. 3000.


23:21
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّ لَكُمْ فِي الْأَنْعَامِ لَعِبْرَةً ۖ نُسْقِيكُمْ مِمَّا فِي بُطُونِهَا وَلَكُمْ فِيهَا مَنَافِعُ كَثِيرَةٌ وَمِنْهَا تَأْكُلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And in cattle (too) ye have an instructive example: from within their bodies We produce (milk) for you to drink; there are, in them, (besides), numerous (other) benefits for you; and of their (meat) ye eat;
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, for you in livestock is a lesson. We give you drink from that which is in their bellies, and for you in them are numerous benefits, and from them you eat.
Tafseer Commentary

2881 'Ibrah: the root meaning of the verb is "to interpret, to expound, or instruct', as in 12:43; the noun means an interpretation, or example or Sign that instructs, as here and in 16:66, or gives a warning, as in 3:13. From cattle we get milk and meat; also from their skins we make leather for shoes, boots, straps, saddlery, and numerous other uses; from camel's hair and sheep's wool we weave cloth, hangings, carpets, etc.: from the horns of cattle we make cups and articles of ornament or use; and camels, horses, donkeys, mules, etc., are used for riding, carrying loads, or drawing vehicles (Cf. 36:71-73).


23:22
[ Original ]
وَعَلَيْهَا وَعَلَى الْفُلْكِ تُحْمَلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
An on them, as well as in slips, ye side.
[ Saheeh International ]
And upon them and on ships you are carried.

23:23
[ Original ]
وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ فَقَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مَا لَكُمْ مِنْ إِلَٰهٍ غَيْرُهُ ۖ أَفَلَا تَتَّقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Further, We sent a long line of prophets for your instruction). We sent Noah to his people: He said, "O my people! worship Allah. Ye have no other god but Him. Will ye not fear (Him)?"
[ Saheeh International ]
And We had certainly sent Noah to his people, and he said, "O my people, worship Allah; you have no deity other than Him; then will you not fear Him?"
Tafseer Commentary

2882 The material gifts having been mentioned, which we receive from a wise and kindly Providence , our attention is now directed to Allah's Providence in spiritual matters. He sent Teachers to instruct and guide us, and though they were mocked, rejected, and accused of falsehood and selfishness, they were protected by Allah, and Allah's Truth at length prevailed.

2883 "People" here is almost equivalent to "contemporaries".

2884 Cf. 7:59. To fear Allah is to lead righteous lives and eschew evil.


23:24
[ Original ]
فَقَالَ الْمَلَأُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ قَوْمِهِ مَا هَٰذَا إِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُكُمْ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَتَفَضَّلَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَأَنْزَلَ مَلَائِكَةً مَا سَمِعْنَا بِهَٰذَا فِي آبَائِنَا الْأَوَّلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The chiefs of the Unbelievers among his people said: "He is no more than a man like yourselves: his wish is to assert his superiority over you: if Allah had wished (to send messengers), He could have sent down angels; never did we hear such a thing (as he says), among our ancestors of old."
[ Saheeh International ]
But the eminent among those who disbelieved from his people said, "This is not but a man like yourselves who wishes to take precedence over you; and if Allah had willed [to send a messenger], He would have sent down angels. We have not heard of this among our forefathers.
Tafseer Commentary

2885 They attribute altogether wrong motives to him (such as they would have actuated themselves), in saying that he was trying to establish his own personal superiority over them by his preaching. Then they accuse him of falsehood in claiming to bring a message of Allah. "If, they say, "Allah had wished to send us messengers, He would have sent angels, not a man like ourselves and from among ourselves. Our ancestors did not worship One God: why should we?"


23:25
[ Original ]
إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا رَجُلٌ بِهِ جِنَّةٌ فَتَرَبَّصُوا بِهِ حَتَّىٰ حِينٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(And some said): "He is only a man possessed: wait (and have patience) with him for a time."
[ Saheeh International ]
He is not but a man possessed with madness, so wait concerning him for a time."
Tafseer Commentary

2886 I construe this to be a speech of another group among them. They thought he was mad, and best left alone. His madness would run out, or he would come to an evil end.


23:26
[ Original ]
قَالَ رَبِّ انْصُرْنِي بِمَا كَذَّبُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(Noah) said: "O my Lord! help me: for that they accuse me of falsehood!"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Noah] said, "My Lord, support me because they have denied me."

23:27
[ Original ]
فَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْهِ أَنِ اصْنَعِ الْفُلْكَ بِأَعْيُنِنَا وَوَحْيِنَا فَإِذَا جَاءَ أَمْرُنَا وَفَارَ التَّنُّورُ ۙ فَاسْلُكْ فِيهَا مِنْ كُلٍّ زَوْجَيْنِ اثْنَيْنِ وَأَهْلَكَ إِلَّا مَنْ سَبَقَ عَلَيْهِ الْقَوْلُ مِنْهُمْ ۖ وَلَا تُخَاطِبْنِي فِي الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا ۖ إِنَّهُمْ مُغْرَقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So We inspired him (with this message): "Construct the Ark within Our sight and under Our guidance: then when comes Our Command, and the fountains of the earth gush forth, take thou on board pairs of every species, male and female, and thy family- except those of them against whom the Word has already gone forth: And address Me not in favour of the wrong-doers; for they shall be drowned (in the Flood).
[ Saheeh International ]
So We inspired to him, "Construct the ship under Our observation, and Our inspiration, and when Our command comes and the oven overflows, put into the ship from each [creature] two mates and your family, except those for whom the decree [of destruction] has proceeded. And do not address Me concerning those who have wronged; indeed, they are to be drowned.
Tafseer Commentary

2887 Cf. this whole passage with 11:36-49, and notes thereon.

2888 See n. 1533 to 11:40, where the word Tannur is explained.

2889 Seen. 1534 to 11:40.

2890 Seen. 1535 to 11:40.


23:28
[ Original ]
فَإِذَا اسْتَوَيْتَ أَنْتَ وَمَنْ مَعَكَ عَلَى الْفُلْكِ فَقُلِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي نَجَّانَا مِنَ الْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And when thou hast embarked on the Ark - thou and those with thee,- say: "Praise be to Allah, Who has saved us from the people who do wrong."
[ Saheeh International ]
And when you have boarded the ship, you and those with you, then say, 'Praise to Allah who has saved us from the wrongdoing people.'
Tafseer Commentary

2891 For istawa see 1386 to 10:3. Here the meaning is: mounted on board, ascended, embarked.


23:29
[ Original ]
وَقُلْ رَبِّ أَنْزِلْنِي مُنْزَلًا مُبَارَكًا وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الْمُنْزِلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And say: "O my Lord! enable me to disembark with thy blessing: for Thou art the Best to enable (us) to disembark."
[ Saheeh International ]
And say, 'My Lord, let me land at a blessed landing place, and You are the best to accommodate [us].' "
Tafseer Commentary

2892 This second prayer was inspired when the Flood subsided, and the time came for disembarkation.


23:30
[ Original ]
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ وَإِنْ كُنَّا لَمُبْتَلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily in this there are Signs (for men to understand); (thus) do We try (men).
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed in that are signs, and indeed, We are ever testing [Our servants].
Tafseer Commentary

2893 Noah's contemporaries had all sorts of chances and warnings, but they refused to believe and perished. But Allah's Truth survived, and it went to the next and succeeding generations. Will not mankind understand?


23:31
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ أَنْشَأْنَا مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ قَرْنًا آخَرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then We raised after them another generation.
[ Saheeh International ]
Then We produced after them a generation of others.

23:32
[ Original ]
فَأَرْسَلْنَا فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مَا لَكُمْ مِنْ إِلَٰهٍ غَيْرُهُ ۖ أَفَلَا تَتَّقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And We sent to them a messenger from among themselves, (saying), "Worship Allah. ye have no other god but Him. Will ye not fear (Him)?"
[ Saheeh International ]
And We sent among them a messenger from themselves, [saying], "Worship Allah; you have no deity other than Him; then will you not fear Him?"
Tafseer Commentary

2894 If this refers to any particular prophet, it must be Hud whose mission was to the 'Ad people, or to Salih, whose mission was to the Thamud people. That is the sequence after Noah in 11:50-60 and 11:61-68. But 1 think that as the name is not mentioned, we are to understand in general the type of post-Flood prophets until we come later on to Moses and Jesus. The object here is not to recount the stories, but to show that the resistance of the wicked made no difference to the triumph of Allah's Holy Truth.


23:33
[ Original ]
وَقَالَ الْمَلَأُ مِنْ قَوْمِهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَكَذَّبُوا بِلِقَاءِ الْآخِرَةِ وَأَتْرَفْنَاهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا مَا هَٰذَا إِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُكُمْ يَأْكُلُ مِمَّا تَأْكُلُونَ مِنْهُ وَيَشْرَبُ مِمَّا تَشْرَبُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And the chiefs of his people, who disbelieved and denied the Meeting in the Hereafter, and on whom We had bestowed the good things of this life, said: "He is no more than a man like yourselves: he eats of that of which ye eat, and drinks of what ye drink.
[ Saheeh International ]
And the eminent among his people who disbelieved and denied the meeting of the Hereafter while We had given them luxury in the worldly life said, "This is not but a man like yourselves. He eats of that from which you eat and drinks of what you drink.

23:34
[ Original ]
وَلَئِنْ أَطَعْتُمْ بَشَرًا مِثْلَكُمْ إِنَّكُمْ إِذًا لَخَاسِرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"If ye obey a man like yourselves, behold, it is certain ye will be lost.
[ Saheeh International ]
And if you should obey a man like yourselves, indeed, you would then be losers.
Tafseer Commentary

2895 The type of the narrow Sybarite, who enjoys the good things of this life, denies a future life, and is jealous of any one who presumes to widen his horizon, is here described in a few masterly strokes. He is bored by any mention of the serious things beyond his ken. What good is it, he says, to talk about the future? Enjoy the present. The gain is all in the present: the loss is all in the future.


23:35
[ Original ]
أَيَعِدُكُمْ أَنَّكُمْ إِذَا مِتُّمْ وَكُنْتُمْ تُرَابًا وَعِظَامًا أَنَّكُمْ مُخْرَجُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Does he promise that when ye die and become dust and bones, ye shall be brought forth (again)?
[ Saheeh International ]
Does he promise you that when you have died and become dust and bones that you will be brought forth [once more]?

23:36
[ Original ]
هَيْهَاتَ هَيْهَاتَ لِمَا تُوعَدُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Far, very far is that which ye are promised!
[ Saheeh International ]
How far, how far, is that which you are promised.

23:37
[ Original ]
إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا نَمُوتُ وَنَحْيَا وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمَبْعُوثِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"There is nothing but our life in this world! We shall die and we live! But we shall never be raised up again!
[ Saheeh International ]
Life is not but our worldly life - we die and live, but we will not be resurrected.
Tafseer Commentary

2896 They seem to say: "There is no future life: that we shall die is certain; that we have this life is certain: some die, some are born, some live; and so the cycle continues: but how can dead men be raised to life?" (Cf. n. 4763)


23:38
[ Original ]
إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا رَجُلٌ افْتَرَىٰ عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا وَمَا نَحْنُ لَهُ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"He is only a man who invents a lie against Allah, but we are not the ones to believe in him!"
[ Saheeh International ]
He is not but a man who has invented a lie about Allah, and we will not believe him."
Tafseer Commentary

2897 "He is only a fool, and invents things, and attributes them to Allah's inspiration! We are too wise, to believe such things!"


23:39
[ Original ]
قَالَ رَبِّ انْصُرْنِي بِمَا كَذَّبُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(The prophet) said: "O my Lord! help me: for that they accuse me of falsehood."
[ Saheeh International ]
He said, "My Lord, support me because they have denied me."
Tafseer Commentary

2898 See above, 23:26. Every prophet is maligned and persecuted: it is always the same story with them, told in different ways.


23:40
[ Original ]
قَالَ عَمَّا قَلِيلٍ لَيُصْبِحُنَّ نَادِمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
((Allah)) said: "In but a little while, they are sure to be sorry!"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Allah] said, "After a little, they will surely become regretful."
Tafseer Commentary

2899 When the Punishment conies, they will be sorry for themselves, but it will be too late then.


23:41
[ Original ]
فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّيْحَةُ بِالْحَقِّ فَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ غُثَاءً ۚ فَبُعْدًا لِلْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then the Blast overtook them with justice, and We made them as rubbish of dead leaves (floating on the stream of Time)! So away with the people who do wrong!
[ Saheeh International ]
So the shriek seized them in truth, and We made them as [plant] stubble. Then away with the wrongdoing people.
Tafseer Commentary

2900 See 11:66, and notes n. 1563 and n. 1561.

2901 Ghutha ': rubbish of dead leaves, or scum floating on a torrent.


23:42
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ أَنْشَأْنَا مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ قُرُونًا آخَرِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then We raised after them other generations.
[ Saheeh International ]
Then We produced after them other generations.

23:43
[ Original ]
مَا تَسْبِقُ مِنْ أُمَّةٍ أَجَلَهَا وَمَا يَسْتَأْخِرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
No people can hasten their term, nor can they delay (it).
[ Saheeh International ]
No nation will precede its time [of termination], nor will they remain [thereafter].

23:44
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلَنَا تَتْرَىٰ ۖ كُلَّ مَا جَاءَ أُمَّةً رَسُولُهَا كَذَّبُوهُ ۚ فَأَتْبَعْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ بَعْضًا وَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ أَحَادِيثَ ۚ فَبُعْدًا لِقَوْمٍ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then sent We our messengers in succession: every time there came to a people their messenger, they accused him of falsehood: so We made them follow each other (in punishment): We made them as a tale (that is told): So away with a people that will not believe!
[ Saheeh International ]
Then We sent Our messengers in succession. Every time there came to a nation its messenger, they denied him, so We made them follow one another [to destruction], and We made them narrations. So away with a people who do not believe.
Tafseer Commentary

2902 Their habitations and their organisation have been wiped out. What remains is merely a vague story of their existence, a tale that is told. Where their name remains, which is not always the case, it is only a byword, suggesting all that is unstable and ephemeral-"to point a moral and adorn a tale".


23:45
[ Original ]
ثُمَّ أَرْسَلْنَا مُوسَىٰ وَأَخَاهُ هَارُونَ بِآيَاتِنَا وَسُلْطَانٍ مُبِينٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then We sent Moses and his brother Aaron, with Our Signs and authority manifest,
[ Saheeh International ]
Then We sent Moses and his brother Aaron with Our signs and a clear authority
Tafseer Commentary

2903 Moses and Aaron had a twofold mission: (1) to Pharaoh and his Court, which failed because of Egyptian arrogance; (2) to the Israelites, for whom the Law was received on Mount Sinai , but they repeatedly rebelled against Allah. In both cases there were miracles ("Clear Signs") and other proofs which showed that they came at Allah's command and were inspired by His authority.


23:46
[ Original ]
إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ وَمَلَئِهِ فَاسْتَكْبَرُوا وَكَانُوا قَوْمًا عَالِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
To Pharaoh and his Chiefs: But these behaved insolently: they were an arrogant people.
[ Saheeh International ]
To Pharaoh and his establishment, but they were arrogant and were a haughty people.

23:47
[ Original ]
فَقَالُوا أَنُؤْمِنُ لِبَشَرَيْنِ مِثْلِنَا وَقَوْمُهُمَا لَنَا عَابِدُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They said: "Shall we believe in two men like ourselves? And their people are subject to us!"
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "Should we believe two men like ourselves while their people are for us in servitude?"
Tafseer Commentary

2904 Racial arrogance made the Egyptians say, 'These men belong to a race which we hold in subjection as our slaves: how can we accept them as messengers of Allah?'


23:48
[ Original ]
فَكَذَّبُوهُمَا فَكَانُوا مِنَ الْمُهْلَكِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So they accused them of falsehood, and they became of those who were destroyed.
[ Saheeh International ]
So they denied them and were of those destroyed.

23:49
[ Original ]
وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَهْتَدُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And We gave Moses the Book, in order that they might receive guidance.
[ Saheeh International ]
And We certainly gave Moses the Scripture that perhaps they would be guided.
Tafseer Commentary

2905 Here the reference is to the second part of the mission of Moses, that to the Israelites, which the Israelites rendered ineffective by their want of faith. See n. 2903 above.


23:50
[ Original ]
وَجَعَلْنَا ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ وَأُمَّهُ آيَةً وَآوَيْنَاهُمَا إِلَىٰ رَبْوَةٍ ذَاتِ قَرَارٍ وَمَعِينٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And We made the son of Mary and his mother as a sign: We gave them both shelter on high ground, affording rest and security and furnished with springs.
[ Saheeh International ]
And We made the son of Mary and his mother a sign and sheltered them within a high ground having level [areas] and flowing water.
Tafseer Commentary

2906 The virgin birth of Jesus was a miracle both for him and his mother. She was falsely accused of unchastity, but the child Jesus triumphantly vindicated her by his own miracles (19:27-33), and showed by his life the meanness of the calumny against his mother.

2907 There is no need to look far for the place where mother and child were given secure shelter. It is described in 19:22-26. It was the place to which she withdrew to be delivered when the time drew near. There was a fruitful palm tree, evidently on high ground, for beneath it flowed a spring. She retired there in seclusion, and she and her child rested there until it was time for her to go to her people with her child.


23:51
[ Original ]
يَا أَيُّهَا الرُّسُلُ كُلُوا مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَاعْمَلُوا صَالِحًا ۖ إِنِّي بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ عَلِيمٌ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
O ye messengers! enjoy (all) things good and pure, and work righteousness: for I am wellacquainted with (all) that ye do.
[ Saheeh International ]
[Allah said], "O messengers, eat from the good foods and work righteousness. Indeed, I, of what you do, am Knowing.
Tafseer Commentary

2908 Literally, "eat". See n. 776 to 5:66. The prophets of Allah do not pose as ascetics, but receive gratefully all Allah's gifts, and show their gratitude by their righteous lives. (R).


23:52
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّ هَٰذِهِ أُمَّتُكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَأَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَاتَّقُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And verily this Brotherhood of yours is a single Brotherhood. And I am your Lord and Cherisher: therefore fear Me (and no other).
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed this, your religion, is one religion, and I am your Lord, so fear Me."
Tafseer Commentary

2909 Cf. 21:92-93. All prophets form one Brotherhood: their Message is one, and their religion and teaching are one: they serve the One True God, Who loves and cherishes them; and they owe their duty to Him and Him alone.


23:53
[ Original ]
فَتَقَطَّعُوا أَمْرَهُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ زُبُرًا ۖ كُلُّ حِزْبٍ بِمَا لَدَيْهِمْ فَرِحُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But people have cut off their affair (of unity), between them, into sects: each party rejoices in that which is with itself.
[ Saheeh International ]
But the people divided their religion among them into sects - each faction, in what it has, rejoicing.
Tafseer Commentary

2910 The people who began to trade on the names of the prophets cut off that unity and made sects; and each sect rejoices in its own narrow doctrine, instead of taking the universal teaching of Unity from Allah. But this sectarian confusion is of man's making. It will last for a time, but the rays of Truth and Unity will finally dissipate it.


23:54
[ Original ]
فَذَرْهُمْ فِي غَمْرَتِهِمْ حَتَّىٰ حِينٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But leave them in their confused ignorance for a time.
[ Saheeh International ]
So leave them in their confusion for a time.

23:55
[ Original ]
أَيَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّمَا نُمِدُّهُمْ بِهِ مِنْ مَالٍ وَبَنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Do they think that because We have granted them abundance of wealth and sons,
[ Saheeh International ]
Do they think that what We extend to them of wealth and children

23:56
[ Original ]
نُسَارِعُ لَهُمْ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ ۚ بَلْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
We would hasten them on in every good? Nay, they do not understand.
[ Saheeh International ]
Is [because] We hasten for them good things? Rather, they do not perceive.
Tafseer Commentary

2911 Worldly wealth, power, and influence may be but trials. Let not their possessors think that they are in themselves things that will necessarily bring them happiness.


23:57
[ Original ]
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ هُمْ مِنْ خَشْيَةِ رَبِّهِمْ مُشْفِقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Verily those who live in awe for fear of their Lord;
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, they who are apprehensive from fear of their Lord

23:58
[ Original ]
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ يُؤْمِنُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Those who believe in the Signs of their Lord;
[ Saheeh International ]
And they who believe in the signs of their Lord

23:59
[ Original ]
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ بِرَبِّهِمْ لَا يُشْرِكُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Those who join not (in worship) partners with their Lord;
[ Saheeh International ]
And they who do not associate anything with their Lord

23:60
[ Original ]
وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْتُونَ مَا آتَوْا وَقُلُوبُهُمْ وَجِلَةٌ أَنَّهُمْ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ رَاجِعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And those who dispense their charity with their hearts full of fear, because they will return to their Lord;-
[ Saheeh International ]
And they who give what they give while their hearts are fearful because they will be returning to their Lord -
Tafseer Commentary

2912 Their hearts are full of reverence for Allah and fear lest their charity or their hearts be not good enough for acceptance before their Lord; for they have the certainty of a future life, in which they will stand before the Judgement Seat. They fear for their own worthiness, but they hope in Faith.


23:61
[ Original ]
أُولَٰئِكَ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَهُمْ لَهَا سَابِقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
It is these who hasten in every good work, and these who are foremost in them.
[ Saheeh International ]
It is those who hasten to good deeds, and they outstrip [others] therein.

23:62
[ Original ]
وَلَا نُكَلِّفُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا ۖ وَلَدَيْنَا كِتَابٌ يَنْطِقُ بِالْحَقِّ ۚ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
On no soul do We place a burden greater than it can bear: before Us is a record which clearly shows the truth: they will never be wronged.
[ Saheeh International ]
And We charge no soul except [with that within] its capacity, and with Us is a record which speaks with truth; and they will not be wronged.
Tafseer Commentary

2913 Cf. 2:286 and n. 339.

2914 The record speaks clearly, and shows exactly what each soul has done and thought, and what is due to it in justice. The worst will receive full justice. The best will receive far more than their due: 28:84.


23:63
[ Original ]
بَلْ قُلُوبُهُمْ فِي غَمْرَةٍ مِنْ هَٰذَا وَلَهُمْ أَعْمَالٌ مِنْ دُونِ ذَٰلِكَ هُمْ لَهَا عَامِلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But their hearts are in confused ignorance of this; and there are, besides that, deeds of theirs, which they will (continue) to do,-
[ Saheeh International ]
But their hearts are covered with confusion over this, and they have [evil] deeds besides disbelief which they are doing,
Tafseer Commentary

2915 This is said of the Unbelievers who rejected Faith and rejoiced in the vanities of this world. In spite of the proclamation of Truth, they are doubtful of the future Life and Judgement.

2916 In addition to their rejection of Faith, they have against them positive deeds of wrongdoing, from which, on account of their contempt of the Light from Allah, they will not desist until they are sharply pulled up for punishment: and then repentance will be too late!


23:64
[ Original ]
حَتَّىٰ إِذَا أَخَذْنَا مُتْرَفِيهِمْ بِالْعَذَابِ إِذَا هُمْ يَجْأَرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Until, when We seize in Punishment those of them who received the good things of this world, behold, they will groan in supplication!
[ Saheeh International ]
Until when We seize their affluent ones with punishment, at once they are crying [to Allah] for help.

23:65
[ Original ]
لَا تَجْأَرُوا الْيَوْمَ ۖ إِنَّكُمْ مِنَّا لَا تُنْصَرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(It will be said): "Groan not in supplication this day: for ye shall certainly not be helped by Us.
[ Saheeh International ]
Do not cry out today. Indeed, by Us you will not be helped.

23:66
[ Original ]
قَدْ كَانَتْ آيَاتِي تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ فَكُنْتُمْ عَلَىٰ أَعْقَابِكُمْ تَنْكِصُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"My Signs used to be rehearsed to you, but ye used to turn back on your heels
[ Saheeh International ]
My verses had already been recited to you, but you were turning back on your heels

23:67
[ Original ]
مُسْتَكْبِرِينَ بِهِ سَامِرًا تَهْجُرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"In arrogance: talking nonsense about the (Qur'an), like one telling fables by night."
[ Saheeh International ]
In arrogance regarding it, conversing by night, speaking evil.
Tafseer Commentary

2917 Samir: one who remains awake by night, one who passes the night in talk or in the recital of stories of romances, a favourite amusement in the Days of Ignorance. (Cf. n. 2605 and n. 2608)


23:68
[ Original ]
أَفَلَمْ يَدَّبَّرُوا الْقَوْلَ أَمْ جَاءَهُمْ مَا لَمْ يَأْتِ آبَاءَهُمُ الْأَوَّلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Do they not ponder over the Word (of Allah., or has anything (new) come to them that did not come to their fathers of old?
[ Saheeh International ]
Then have they not reflected over the Qur'an, or has there come to them that which had not come to their forefathers?
Tafseer Commentary

2918 If they ponder over the matter, they will find that Allah's Message to humanity is as old as Adam. It is good for all ages. It never grows old, and it is never new.


23:69
[ Original ]
أَمْ لَمْ يَعْرِفُوا رَسُولَهُمْ فَهُمْ لَهُ مُنْكِرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Or do they not recognise their Messenger, that they deny him?
[ Saheeh International ]
Or did they not know their Messenger, so they are toward him disacknowledging?

23:70
[ Original ]
أَمْ يَقُولُونَ بِهِ جِنَّةٌ ۚ بَلْ جَاءَهُمْ بِالْحَقِّ وَأَكْثَرُهُمْ لِلْحَقِّ كَارِهُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Or do they say, "He is possessed"? Nay, he has brought them the Truth, but most of them hate the Truth.
[ Saheeh International ]
Or do they say, "In him is madness?" Rather, he brought them the truth, but most of them, to the truth, are averse.

23:71
[ Original ]
وَلَوِ اتَّبَعَ الْحَقُّ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ لَفَسَدَتِ السَّمَاوَاتُ وَالْأَرْضُ وَمَنْ فِيهِنَّ ۚ بَلْ أَتَيْنَاهُمْ بِذِكْرِهِمْ فَهُمْ عَنْ ذِكْرِهِمْ مُعْرِضُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
If the Truth had been in accord with their desires, truly the heavens and the earth, and all beings therein would have been in confusion and corruption! Nay, We have sent them their admonition, but they turn away from their admonition.
[ Saheeh International ]
But if the Truth had followed their inclinations, the heavens and the earth and whoever is in them would have been ruined. Rather, We have brought them their message, but they, from their message, are turning away.
Tafseer Commentary

2919 Allah is All-Wise and All-Good, and His architecture of the universe is on a perfect Plan. If these poor, low, selfish, ignorant creatures were to plan it according to their hearts' desires, it would be a dreadful world, full of confusion and corruption.


23:72
[ Original ]
أَمْ تَسْأَلُهُمْ خَرْجًا فَخَرَاجُ رَبِّكَ خَيْرٌ ۖ وَهُوَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Or is it that thou askest them for some recompense? But the recompense of thy Lord is best: He is the Best of those who give sustenance.
[ Saheeh International ]
Or do you, [O Muhammad], ask them for payment? But the reward of your Lord is best, and He is the best of providers.
Tafseer Commentary

2920 This is the last of the questions, beginning with 23:68 above, showing the absurdity of the position taken up by the Unbelievers. (1) The Message of Allah is as old as humanity; why do they fight shy of it? (2) They have known their Prophet to be true and righteous: why do they deny him? (3) Is it madness to bring the bitter Truth before them? (4) Does the Prophet ask any worldly reward from them? If not, why do they reject his unselfish efforts for their own good?


23:73
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّكَ لَتَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But verily thou callest them to the Straight Way;
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, you invite them to a straight path.

23:74
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ عَنِ الصِّرَاطِ لَنَاكِبُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And verily those who believe not in the Hereafter are deviating from that Way.
[ Saheeh International ]
But indeed, those who do not believe in the Hereafter are deviating from the path.

23:75
[ Original ]
وَلَوْ رَحِمْنَاهُمْ وَكَشَفْنَا مَا بِهِمْ مِنْ ضُرٍّ لَلَجُّوا فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
If We had mercy on them and removed the distress which is on them, they would obstinately persist in their transgression, wandering in distraction to and fro.
[ Saheeh International ]
And even if We gave them mercy and removed what was upon them of affliction, they would persist in their transgression, wandering blindly.
Tafseer Commentary

2921 The reference is to a very severe famine felt in Makkah, which was attributed by the Unbelievers to the presence of the Prophet among them and his preaching against their gods. As this is a Makkan Surah, the famine referred to must be that described by Ibn Kathir as having occurred in the 8th year of the Mission , say about four years before the Hijrah. There was also a post-Hijrah famine, which is referred to by Bukhan, but that was a later event.


23:76
[ Original ]
وَلَقَدْ أَخَذْنَاهُمْ بِالْعَذَابِ فَمَا اسْتَكَانُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَمَا يَتَضَرَّعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
We inflicted Punishment on them, but they humbled not themselves to their Lord, nor do they submissively entreat (Him)!-
[ Saheeh International ]
And We had gripped them with suffering [as a warning], but they did not yield to their Lord, nor did they humbly supplicate, [and will continue thus]
Tafseer Commentary

2922 Some Commentators understand the battle of Badr to be meant here: if so, this particular verse would be of the Madinah period. But it is better to understand it as referring to the same "distress" as in the preceding verse, or to punishments in general, which obstinate sinners refuse to take as warnings given to them to mend their ways and turn in repentance to Allah.


23:77
[ Original ]
حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ بَابًا ذَا عَذَابٍ شَدِيدٍ إِذَا هُمْ فِيهِ مُبْلِسُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Until We open on them a gate leading to a severe Punishment: then Lo! they will be plunged in despair therein!
[ Saheeh International ]
Until when We have opened before them a door of severe punishment, immediately they will be therein in despair.
Tafseer Commentary

2923 Cf. 6:44. If the little trials in the present life will not open their eyes, will great trials do so? Unfortunately they only cause in the wicked a feeling of despair. In the final Punishment after the Judgement, it will be too late for them to repent, and despair will be their only lot.


23:78
[ Original ]
وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنْشَأَ لَكُمُ السَّمْعَ وَالْأَبْصَارَ وَالْأَفْئِدَةَ ۚ قَلِيلًا مَا تَشْكُرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
It is He Who has created for you (the faculties of) hearing, sight, feeling and understanding: little thanks it is ye give!
[ Saheeh International ]
And it is He who produced for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful.
Tafseer Commentary

2924 As elsewhere, "heart" is to be understood as the seat both of feeling and intelligence. 'All the means by which knowledge can be gathered, judgement formed, and goodness cultivated, are provided for you by Allah. If you were grateful, you would use those in His service, which is expressed in your service to your fellow men. But instead you ignore these gifts, question Allah's Providence , and blaspheme against Him!'


23:79
[ Original ]
وَهُوَ الَّذِي ذَرَأَكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَإِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And He has multiplied you through the earth, and to Him shall ye be gathered back.
[ Saheeh International ]
And it is He who has multiplied you throughout the earth, and to Him you will be gathered.

23:80
[ Original ]
وَهُوَ الَّذِي يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ وَلَهُ اخْتِلَافُ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ ۚ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
It is He Who gives life and death, and to Him (is due) the alternation of Night and Day: will ye not then understand?
[ Saheeh International ]
And it is He who gives life and causes death, and His is the alternation of the night and the day. Then will you not reason?
Tafseer Commentary

2925 The alternation of Night and Day stands here as a symbol for all the beneficent processes of Nature provided by Allah for the comfort and growth of man's outer and inner life.


23:81
[ Original ]
بَلْ قَالُوا مِثْلَ مَا قَالَ الْأَوَّلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
On the contrary they say things similar to what the ancients said.
[ Saheeh International ]
Rather, they say like what the former peoples said.
Tafseer Commentary

2926 And they are the more culpable, as they have received a later and more complete revelation. Why should they now stand on the primitive ideas of their ancestors?


23:82
[ Original ]
قَالُوا أَإِذَا مِتْنَا وَكُنَّا تُرَابًا وَعِظَامًا أَإِنَّا لَمَبْعُوثُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They say: "What! when we die and become dust and bones, could we really be raised up again?
[ Saheeh International ]
They said, "When we have died and become dust and bones, are we indeed to be resurrected?

23:83
[ Original ]
لَقَدْ وُعِدْنَا نَحْنُ وَآبَاؤُنَا هَٰذَا مِنْ قَبْلُ إِنْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا أَسَاطِيرُ الْأَوَّلِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Such things have been promised to us and to our fathers before! they are nothing but tales of the ancients!"
[ Saheeh International ]
We have been promised this, we and our forefathers, before; this is not but legends of the former peoples."

23:84
[ Original ]
قُلْ لِمَنِ الْأَرْضُ وَمَنْ فِيهَا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Say: "To whom belong the earth and all beings therein? (say) if ye know!"
[ Saheeh International ]
Say, [O Muhammad], "To whom belongs the earth and whoever is in it, if you should know?"

23:85
[ Original ]
سَيَقُولُونَ لِلَّهِ ۚ قُلْ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They will say, "To Allah." say: "Yet will ye not receive admonition?"
[ Saheeh International ]
They will say, "To Allah." Say, "Then will you not remember?"
Tafseer Commentary

2927 If their argument is that such things about a future life cannot be known or proved, they are referred to the things which are actually before them. The tangible things of the earth-can they postulate their order or government except by a Power of Force or Energy outside them? They will admit that there is such a Power or Force or Energy, We call it Allah. Go a step further. We see a sublime Universe in the heavens above, stretching far, far beyond our ken. They will admit its existence and its grandeur. We ask them to entertain a feeling of reverence for the Power behind it, and to understand their own littleness and their dependence upon that Power (Cf. 29:61 and 31:25).


23:86
[ Original ]
قُلْ مَنْ رَبُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ السَّبْعِ وَرَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Say: "Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, and the Lord of the Throne (of Glory) Supreme?"
[ Saheeh International ]
Say, "Who is Lord of the seven heavens and Lord of the Great Throne?"
Tafseer Commentary

2928 Cf. 9:129.


23:87
[ Original ]
سَيَقُولُونَ لِلَّهِ ۚ قُلْ أَفَلَا تَتَّقُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They will say, "(They belong) to Allah." Say: "Will ye not then be filled with awe?"
[ Saheeh International ]
They will say, "[They belong] to Allah." Say, "Then will you not fear Him?"
Tafseer Commentary

2929 See n. 2927 above. 'If this great and glorious Universe inspires you with awe, surely the Power behind is more worthy of your awe, especially if you compare your dependence and its dependence upon Him.'


23:88
[ Original ]
قُلْ مَنْ بِيَدِهِ مَلَكُوتُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُوَ يُجِيرُ وَلَا يُجَارُ عَلَيْهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Say: "Who is it in whose hands is the governance of all things,- who protects (all), but is not protected (of any)? (say) if ye know."
[ Saheeh International ]
Say, "In whose hand is the realm of all things - and He protects while none can protect against Him - if you should know?"

23:89
[ Original ]
سَيَقُولُونَ لِلَّهِ ۚ قُلْ فَأَنَّىٰ تُسْحَرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They will say, "(It belongs) to Allah." Say: "Then how are ye deluded?"
[ Saheeh International ]
They will say, "[All belongs] to Allah." Say, "Then how are you deluded?"
Tafseer Commentary

2930 The order and unity of purpose in the Universe argue unity of design and goodness in its Maker. Is it not then sheer madness for you to run after fancies and fail to understand and obey His Will? It is delusion in you to seek other than Allah.'


23:90
[ Original ]
بَلْ أَتَيْنَاهُمْ بِالْحَقِّ وَإِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
We have sent them the Truth: but they indeed practise falsehood!
[ Saheeh International ]
Rather, We have brought them the truth, and indeed they are liars.

23:91
[ Original ]
مَا اتَّخَذَ اللَّهُ مِنْ وَلَدٍ وَمَا كَانَ مَعَهُ مِنْ إِلَٰهٍ ۚ إِذًا لَذَهَبَ كُلُّ إِلَٰهٍ بِمَا خَلَقَ وَلَعَلَا بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
No son did Allah beget, nor is there any god along with Him: (if there were many gods), behold, each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have lorded it over others! Glory to Allah. (He is free) from the (sort of) things they attribute to Him!
[ Saheeh International ]
Allah has not taken any son, nor has there ever been with Him any deity. [If there had been], then each deity would have taken what it created, and some of them would have sought to overcome others. Exalted is Allah above what they describe [concerning Him].
Tafseer Commentary

2931 Cf. 17:42. The multiplicity of gods is intellectually indefensible, considering the unity of Design and Purpose in His wonderful Universe.


23:92
[ Original ]
عَالِمِ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ فَتَعَالَىٰ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He knows what is hidden and what is open: too high is He for the partners they attribute to Him!
[ Saheeh International ]
[He is] Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, so high is He above what they associate [with Him].
Tafseer Commentary

2932 To suppose that Allah has a son or a family or partners or companions is to have a low idea of Allah, Who is high above all such relationships. He is the One True God, and there can be none to compare with Him.


23:93
[ Original ]
قُلْ رَبِّ إِمَّا تُرِيَنِّي مَا يُوعَدُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Say: "O my Lord! if Thou wilt show me (in my lifetime) that which they are warned against,-
[ Saheeh International ]
Say, [O Muhammad], "My Lord, if You should show me that which they are promised,
Tafseer Commentary

2933 In the first instance, this applied to the Prophet. His subsequent Hijrah from Makkah and the eventual overthrow of the Makkan oligarchy amply prove the fulfillment of the prophecy. But in general meaning it applies to all. We are taught that evil will be visited with a terrible punishment, not only in a future life, but in this life when its cup is full and the time comes for punishment in Allah's Plan. If it has to come while we are still on the scene of this life, we are asked to pray that we may not be found in the company of those who draw such punishment on themselves. In other words we must eschew the society of evil ones.


23:94
[ Original ]
رَبِّ فَلَا تَجْعَلْنِي فِي الْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Then, O my Lord! put me not amongst the people who do wrong!"
[ Saheeh International ]
My Lord, then do not place me among the wrongdoing people."

23:95
[ Original ]
وَإِنَّا عَلَىٰ أَنْ نُرِيَكَ مَا نَعِدُهُمْ لَقَادِرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And We are certainly able to show thee (in fulfilment) that against which they are warned.
[ Saheeh International ]
And indeed, We are able to show you what We have promised them.

23:96
[ Original ]
ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ السَّيِّئَةَ ۚ نَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَصِفُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Repel evil with that which is best: We are well acquainted with the things they say.
[ Saheeh International ]
Repel, by [means of] what is best, [their] evil. We are most knowing of what they describe.
Tafseer Commentary

2934 Whether people speak evil of you, in your presence or behind your back, or they do evil to you in either of those ways, all is known to Allah. It is not for you to punish. Your best course is not to do evil in your turn, but to do what will best repel the evil. Two evils do not make a good. Cf. 41:34. n. 4504, and n. 2840


23:97
[ Original ]
وَقُلْ رَبِّ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ هَمَزَاتِ الشَّيَاطِينِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
And say "O my Lord! I seek refuge with Thee from the suggestions of the Evil Ones.
[ Saheeh International ]
And say, "My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the incitements of the devils,
Tafseer Commentary

2935 But in any case, shun evil for yourself, and you cannot do this without seeking the help and protection of Allah. Not only must you shun all promptings of evil, but you must shun its proximity. It may be that in retaliating on evil, or even in your curiosity to discover what evil is, you may fall into evil yourself. You should avoid going near it or anything which brings it near to you. And in this matter you should seek Allah's help.


23:98
[ Original ]
وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ رَبِّ أَنْ يَحْضُرُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"And I seek refuge with Thee O my Lord! lest they should come near me."
[ Saheeh International ]
And I seek refuge in You, my Lord, lest they be present with me."

23:99
[ Original ]
حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءَ أَحَدَهُمُ الْمَوْتُ قَالَ رَبِّ ارْجِعُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(In Falsehood will they be) Until, when death comes to one of them, he says: "O my Lord! send me back (to life),-
[ Saheeh International ]
[For such is the state of the disbelievers], until, when death comes to one of them, he says, "My Lord, send me back
Tafseer Commentary

2936 This verse I think connects on with 23:90 above. Though Allah proclaims His Truth everywhere, the wicked cling to Falsehood until they face the reality of Death.

2937 The verb for "send me back" is in the plural in Arabic, which is construed either (1) as an emphatic form, as if the singular were repeated, or (2) as a plural of respect, though such a plural is not ordinarily used in addressing Allah, or (3) as a plural addressed to the angels, after the address to Allah in "O my Lord!"


23:100
[ Original ]
لَعَلِّي أَعْمَلُ صَالِحًا فِيمَا تَرَكْتُ ۚ كَلَّا ۚ إِنَّهَا كَلِمَةٌ هُوَ قَائِلُهَا ۖ وَمِنْ وَرَائِهِمْ بَرْزَخٌ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ يُبْعَثُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"In order that I may work righteousness in the things I neglected." - "By no means! It is but a word he says."- Before them is a Partition till the Day they are raised up.
[ Saheeh International ]
That I might do righteousness in that which I left behind." No! It is only a word he is saying; and behind them is a barrier until the Day they are resurrected.
Tafseer Commentary

2938 The unrighteous will ask for another chance. But it will be too late then. The time for repentance will then have passed.

2939 Their request will mean nothing. It will be treated merely as an empty word of excuse. They had plenty of chances in this life. Not only did they reject them, but they did not even believe in Allah or ask for His assistance.

2940 Barzakh: a partition, a bar or barrier; the place or state in which people will be after death and before Judgement. Cf. 25:53 and 55:20. Behind them is the barrier of death, and in front of them is the Barzakh, partition, a quiescent state until the judgement comes.


23:101
[ Original ]
فَإِذَا نُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَلَا أَنْسَابَ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَلَا يَتَسَاءَلُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no more relationships between them that Day, nor will one ask after another!
[ Saheeh International ]
So when the Horn is blown, no relationship will there be among them that Day, nor will they ask about one another.
Tafseer Commentary

2941 The old relationships of the world will then be dissolved. Each soul will stand on its merits.


23:102
[ Original ]
فَمَنْ ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Then those whose balance (of good deeds) is heavy,- they will attain salvation:
[ Saheeh International ]
And those whose scales are heavy [with good deeds] - it is they who are the successful.
Tafseer Commentary

2942 Good and evil deeds will be weighed against each other. If the good deeds prevail, the soul will attain falah, i.e., prosperity, well-being, bliss, or salvation; if the contrary, there will be the misery and anguish of Hell.


23:103
[ Original ]
وَمَنْ خَفَّتْ مَوَازِينُهُ فَأُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ خَسِرُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ فِي جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
But those whose balance is light, will be those who have lost their souls, in Hell will they abide.
[ Saheeh International ]
But those whose scales are light - those are the ones who have lost their souls, [being] in Hell, abiding eternally.
Tafseer Commentary

2943 The loss or perdition will not mean that they will die and feel no more: 14:17. The punishment will mean nothing, if there was no sensibility, but total annihilation.


23:104
[ Original ]
تَلْفَحُ وُجُوهَهُمُ النَّارُ وَهُمْ فِيهَا كَالِحُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The Fire will burn their faces, and they will therein grin, with their lips displaced.
[ Saheeh International ]
The Fire will sear their faces, and they therein will have taut smiles.
Tafseer Commentary

2944 That is to say, their faces will be disfigured with anguish, and their lips will quiver and fall out of place, exposing their teeth.


23:105
[ Original ]
أَلَمْ تَكُنْ آيَاتِي تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ فَكُنْتُمْ بِهَا تُكَذِّبُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Were not My Signs rehearsed to you, and ye did but treat them as falsehood?"
[ Saheeh International ]
[It will be said]. "Were not My verses recited to you and you used to deny them?"

23:106
[ Original ]
قَالُوا رَبَّنَا غَلَبَتْ عَلَيْنَا شِقْوَتُنَا وَكُنَّا قَوْمًا ضَالِّينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They will say: "our Lord! Our misfortune overwhelmed us, and we became a people astray!
[ Saheeh International ]
They will say, "Our Lord, our wretchedness overcame us, and we were a people astray.
Tafseer Commentary

2945 'The evil in us conquered us; it was our misfortunes that we surrendered to evil, and went astray.' They forget that it was by their own deliberate choice that they surrendered to evil, and they are reminded in verses 109-110 of the ridicule with which they covered godly men in their life on earth.


23:107
[ Original ]
رَبَّنَا أَخْرِجْنَا مِنْهَا فَإِنْ عُدْنَا فَإِنَّا ظَالِمُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Our Lord! bring us out of this: if ever we return (to Evil), then shall we be wrong-doers indeed!"
[ Saheeh International ]
Our Lord, remove us from it, and if we were to return [to evil], we would indeed be wrongdoers."

23:108
[ Original ]
قَالَ اخْسَئُوا فِيهَا وَلَا تُكَلِّمُونِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He will say: "Be ye driven into it (with ignominy)! And speak ye not to Me!
[ Saheeh International ]
He will say, "Remain despised therein and do not speak to Me.
Tafseer Commentary

2946 After their flouting of Allah's Signs and their mockery of godly men on earth, they have forfeited their right to plead for mercy before Allah's Throne.


23:109
[ Original ]
إِنَّهُ كَانَ فَرِيقٌ مِنْ عِبَادِي يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا آمَنَّا فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الرَّاحِمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"A part of My servants there was, who used to pray 'our Lord! we believe; then do Thou forgive us, and have mercy upon us: For Thou art the Best of those who show mercy!"
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, there was a party of My servants who said, 'Our Lord, we have believed, so forgive us and have mercy upon us, and You are the best of the merciful.'

23:110
[ Original ]
فَاتَّخَذْتُمُوهُمْ سِخْرِيًّا حَتَّىٰ أَنْسَوْكُمْ ذِكْرِي وَكُنْتُمْ مِنْهُمْ تَضْحَكُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"But ye treated them with ridicule, so much so that (ridicule of) them made you forget My Message while ye were laughing at them!
[ Saheeh International ]
But you took them in mockery to the point that they made you forget My remembrance, and you used to laugh at them.
Tafseer Commentary

2947 Literally, 'they make you forget My Message'. The ungodly were so occupied in the backbiting and ridicule of the godly that the godly themselves became the unconscious cause of the ungodly forgetting the warnings declared by Allah against those who do not treat His Signs seriously. Thus evil often brings about its own ruin through the instrumentality of those whom it would make its victims.


23:111
[ Original ]
إِنِّي جَزَيْتُهُمُ الْيَوْمَ بِمَا صَبَرُوا أَنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْفَائِزُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"I have rewarded them this Day for their patience and constancy: they are indeed the ones that have achieved Bliss..."
[ Saheeh International ]
Indeed, I have rewarded them this Day for their patient endurance - that they are the attainers [of success]."

23:112
[ Original ]
قَالَ كَمْ لَبِثْتُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ عَدَدَ سِنِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He will say: "What number of years did ye stay on earth?"
[ Saheeh International ]
[Allah] will say, "How long did you remain on earth in number of years?"
Tafseer Commentary

2948 The Hafs reading is "Qala", "He will say". This follows the Kufah Qira'ah. The Basrah Qira'ah reads "Qut", "Say" (in the imperative). The point is only one of grammatical construction. See n. 2666 to 21:4. (R).


23:113
[ Original ]
قَالُوا لَبِثْنَا يَوْمًا أَوْ بَعْضَ يَوْمٍ فَاسْأَلِ الْعَادِّينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
They will say: "We stayed a day or part of a day: but ask those who keep account."
[ Saheeh International ]
They will say, "We remained a day or part of a day; ask those who enumerate."
Tafseer Commentary

2949 The question and answer about Time imply two things. (1) The attention of the ungodly is drawn to the extremely short time of the life in this world, compared to the eternity which they face: they are made to see this, and to realise how mistaken they were in their comparative valuation of things spiritual and things material. (2) Time, as we know it now, will have faded away and appear as almost nothing. It is just a matter relative to this life of temporary probation. Cf. the experience of the Companions of the Cave: 18:19.


23:114
[ Original ]
قَالَ إِنْ لَبِثْتُمْ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا ۖ لَوْ أَنَّكُمْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
He will say: "Ye stayed not but a little,- if ye had only known!
[ Saheeh International ]
He will say, "You stayed not but a little - if only you had known.

23:115
[ Original ]
أَفَحَسِبْتُمْ أَنَّمَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ عَبَثًا وَأَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْنَا لَا تُرْجَعُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
"Did ye then think that We had created you in jest, and that ye would not be brought back to Us (for account)?"
[ Saheeh International ]
Then did you think that We created you uselessly and that to Us you would not be returned?"
Tafseer Commentary

2950 Allah's Creation is not without a high serious purpose. It is not vain, or for mere play or sport. As far as man is concerned, the highest issues for him hang on his behaviour in this life. "Life is real, life is earnest, And the grave is not its goal", as Longfellow truly says. We must therefore earnestly search out Allah's Truth, encouraged by the fact that Allah's Truth is also, out of His unbounded mercy, searching us out and trying to reach us.


23:116
[ Original ]
فَتَعَالَى اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ الْحَقُّ ۖ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْكَرِيمِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Therefore exalted be Allah, the King, the Reality: there is no god but He, the Lord of the Throne of Honour!
[ Saheeh International ]
So exalted is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth; there is no deity except Him, Lord of the Noble Throne.

23:117
[ Original ]
وَمَنْ يَدْعُ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ لَا بُرْهَانَ لَهُ بِهِ فَإِنَّمَا حِسَابُهُ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الْكَافِرُونَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
If anyone invokes, besides Allah, Any other god, he has no authority therefor; and his reckoning will be only with his Lord! and verily the Unbelievers will fail to win through!
[ Saheeh International ]
And whoever invokes besides Allah another deity for which he has no proof - then his account is only with his Lord. Indeed, the disbelievers will not succeed.
Tafseer Commentary

2951 Not with any one else whatever, as Allah is the Eternal Reality. If men, out of the figments of their imagination, fancy other gods, they will be rudely undeceived. And Allah is Lord, i.e., our Cherisher as well as our Creator. In spite of all our shortcomings and our rebellions, He will forgive us if we go to Him not on our merits but on His grace. (R).

2952 See the same word used in describing the contrast with the Believers, in the first verse of this Surah. Righteousness must win and all opposition to it must fail. Thus the circle of the argument is completed.


23:118
[ Original ]
وَقُلْ رَبِّ اغْفِرْ وَارْحَمْ وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الرَّاحِمِينَ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
So say: "O my Lord! grant Thou forgiveness and mercy for Thou art the Best of those who show mercy!"
[ Saheeh International ]
And, [O Muhammad], say, "My Lord, forgive and have mercy, and You are the best of the merciful."

Quran Sura/Chapters: