Sura/Chapter:

Verse:    Count: 6
Tafseer/Commentary:
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Translations:
114: An-Nas - الناس

114:1
[ Original ]
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Say: I seek refuge with the Lord and Cherisher of Mankind,
[ Saheeh International ]
Say, "I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind,
Tafseer Commentary

6307 The previous Surah pointed to the necessity of seeking Allah's protection against external factors which might affect an individual. Here the need of protection from internal factors, mankind being viewed as a whole, is pointed out. For this reason the threefold relation in which man stands to Allah is mentioned, as explained in the next note.

6308 Man's relation to Allah may be viewed in three aspects: (1) Allah is his Lord, Maker, and Cherisher; Allah sustains him and cares for him; He provides him with all the means for his growth and development, and for his protection against evil; (2) Allah is his king or ruler; more than any earthly king, Allah has authority to guide man's conduct, and lead him to ways which will make for his welfare; and He has given him laws; and (3) Allah is He to Whom mankind must return, to give an account of all their deeds in this life (2:156); Allah will be the Judge; He is the goal of the Hereafter, and the only Being entitled to man's worship at any time. From all these aspects man could and should seek Allah's protection against evil.


114:2
[ Original ]
مَلِكِ النَّاسِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The King (or Ruler) of Mankind,
[ Saheeh International ]
The Sovereign of mankind.

114:3
[ Original ]
إِلَٰهِ النَّاسِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
The Allah (for judge) of Mankind,-
[ Saheeh International ]
The God of mankind,

114:4
[ Original ]
مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
From the mischief of the Whisperer (of Evil), who withdraws (after his whisper),-
[ Saheeh International ]
From the evil of the retreating whisperer -
Tafseer Commentary

6309 Evil insinuates itself in all sorts of insidious ways from within so as to sap man's will, which was given to man by Allah. This power of evil may be Satan or his host of evil ones, or evil men or the evil inclinations within man's own will: for there are "evil ones among men and Jinns, inspiring each other with flowery discourses by way of deception" (6:112). They secredy whisper evil and then withdraw, to make their net the more subtle and alluring (see also n. 941).


114:5
[ Original ]
الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
(The same) who whispers into the hearts of Mankind,-
[ Saheeh International ]
Who whispers [evil] into the breasts of mankind -

114:6
[ Original ]
مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ
[ Abdullah Yusuf Ali ]
Among Jinns and among Men.
[ Saheeh International ]
From among the jinn and mankind."
Tafseer Commentary

6310 This last clause amplifies the description of the sources from which the whisper of evil may emanate: they may be men whom you may see or invisible spirits of evil working within. See last note. So long as we put ourselves in Allah's protection, and trust in Allah, evil cannot really touch us in our essential and inner life.


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